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What is Farsi?


Farsi refers to a language that is mostly used in Iran. It is derived from the Indo-Iranian language and is often referred to as Parsi or Persian by people from North America and Western Europe who speak English. Farsi is varies from English as it poses a huge challenge for Westerners who look to study it. It contains 23 consonants and 6 vowels, which are very distinct and in terms of sound, do not relate to Latin alphabets. The mode of structuring sentences in Farsi also differs and very unfamiliar to those who speak English because it uses a subject-preposition then object-verb structure that a person used to using the subject-verb-object structure finds very tricky to get used to. Though it is written using Persian alphabets, technology has paved way to write Farsi using Latin alphabets. This is mostly done online and is referred to as Penglish or Finglish. Though it looks strange, it helps get the job done and proves the phenomenal of adaptability and flexibility of language. This practical shift keeps languages current enabling them to survive for centuries.

History of Farsi Language

The Farsi language has evolved through several time periods. The Old Persian or Farsi language was spoken between 500 and 300 BCE while the Middle Persian was used between 300 and 800 BCE. The use of Modern Farsi started in 800 BCE. The Modern Farsi has had an effect on several languages around Iran. There are noticeable ties in languages such as Azerbaijani and Turkish and it is also related closely with the Hindi language. It includes terms from English, French, Turkish and Arabic languages. Modern Farsi borrows scientific and technical words heavily from other languages even though there are certain Farsi words that have moved to the English language. Such include words like assassin, lemon, angel, and julep. With the invention of Penglish or Finglish, more Farsi words are likely to Farsi as the use of this language continues to grow in online applications such as chats, texts and emails.

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Posted by on Nov 6th, 2014 and filed under Humanities, Language. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Both comments and pings are currently closed.