What is anti-matter?
Anti-matter refers to material that has the opposite properties to matter with the latter being composed of atoms and various particles with corresponding charges. Anti-matter on the other hand also have similar components but have the opposite charge. The electrons in matter have negative charge while the protons have positive charge. In anti-matter, the atom components contain the opposite charge. Protons now have negative charge and therefore they are identified at antiprotons. Electrons in antimatter have positive charge and they are referred to as positrons or positively-charged electrons. The neutron in matter also has an anti-neutron component.
Matter is basically the material that all physical things are made of. Anti-matter on the other hand represents the opposite and counterpart of all that is considered matter except that the charges are opposite. Another big difference between matter and anti-matter is that the latter cannot commonly be found in people’s surroundings. The discovery of anti-matter was not even completed until the 20th century and its existence continues to be a puzzle for various scientists and other experts in the scientific community. Antimatter can only be found in the upper parts of the atmosphere or in some machine called particle accelerator. It can be created in very small amounts in the laboratory but a tedious and complicated process must be gone through. It is also very expensive to produce a tiny amount of anti-matter just for research purposes and this explains why there is limited information on this particular material even at present times.
It is said that contact between matter and anti-matter will simply dissolve both and produce a form of energy. The so-called big-bang theory about the Earth’s history is said to be caused by the clash of matter and anti-matter. With the energy involved in the contact between matter and anti-matter, many scientists have theorized its possible application in energy or fuel production.