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What is azathioprine?

Azathioprine refers to a drug that basically acts to suppress the activity of the body’s immune system.  Although the immune system is designed to activate whenever there are signs of infection or microorganism intrusion, there are certain instances and medical conditions that can be alleviated by suppressing it.  With this main action, Azathioprine is commonly […]

What is osteopenia?

Osteopenia is a medical condition that is characterized by low bone density.  As people get older, bone density is said to decrease and therefore making the bones less stronger and more prone to injury.  When the osteopenia progresses rapidly, some people may eventually get osteoporosis.  Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disorder that results to very […]

What is FAAD?

What is FAAD? ‘FAAD’ refers to a “Fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology.”  In the field of medicine, a medical student/graduate becomes a fellow once he/she has completed his/her residency program.  In the case of dermatologists, the medical graduate or doctor will become part of the FAAD. A fellowship in medicine usually takes about […]

What is folk medicine?

What is folk medicine? Folk medicine is a type of medicinal practice that is mostly based on experience and other beliefs which are passed on from generations of the past to the present.  Some folk medicine practices may be a result of practicality while others are applied through knowledge gained by actual experience.  Folk medicine […]

What is Anesthesia?

What is Anesthesia? Anesthesia refers to some medication administered to the body to allow for painless medical procedures. An example of its use is during surgery, wherein patients will not feel any pain during the entire procedure. Anesthesia works by numbing the body of any sensation and temporarily paralyzes muscles to inhibit movement. Oftentimes, patients […]

What is Biomedical Engineering?

What is Biomedical Engineering? Biomedical engineering refers to the application of engineering concepts to the field of medicine and biomedical sciences. These engineering concepts and techniques may be applied in various aspects of medical care like in the prevention of diseases, its possible management and treatment approaches, and in rehabilitation. Technologies in the field of […]

What is KS?

What is KS? Kaposis Sarcoma or KS is a type of disease that can be likened to cancer. KS was initially discovered and commonly affecting aged men with a racial background of Mediterranean or Eastern European. Kaposis Sarcoma is also known to affect men from Africa and other people who are characterized by a weak […]

What is EGD?

What is EGD? EGD stands for esophagogastrodudenoscopy and it pertains to a visual inspection of the esophagus, the stomach and upper duodenum. The procedure is done by inserting a flexible endoscope down the throat. An endoscope is a small camera that functions as a tool to examine the internal organs. When undergoing EGD, a patient […]

What is DHD?

What is DHD? What does DHD mean? DHD stands for ‘diabetic heart disease’ and it is all about the disease of the heart that could possibly develop in people with diabetes. People that are diagnosed with diabetes are considered to have a higher risk in developing heart disease. They may also be considered to have […]

What is Ambulatory Care?

What is Ambulatory Care? When a patient needs medical attention without the need for admission, it is called ambulatory care. Ambulatory care includes several medical procedures or treatments that can be performed on an ambulatory basis. Blood tests, X-rays, endoscopy, biopsy and vaccination are some examples of ambulatory care. A baby visiting a pediatrician for […]

What is a fibroid?

What is a fibroid? Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that develop in the uterus commonly during a woman’s fertile years (between 30 and 50). Also called as fibromyoma, myoma, or uterine fibroma, they vary in size from just a few centimeters to up to 15 centimeters or more. There are four types of fibroids namely […]

What is Ketosis?

What is Ketosis? Is ketosis life-threatening or dangerous? Many people get confused when they hear the word ketosis. Many written documents would say that ketosis puts the body at a dangerous state. This is the reason why most people conclude that being in ketosis is not normal. Ketosis is merely referring to the body utilizing […]

What is Zoloft?

What is Zoloft? Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride) is a drug, which is prescribed by doctors as remedy for depression and other social anxiety disorders. The drug is created and produced by the well known pharmaceutical company, Pfizer. Zoloft is actually an antidepressant drug, which is included in group of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors […]

What does CPR Stand For?

What does CPR Stand For? CPR is an acronym in the medical field which means cardio pulmonary resuscitation. CPR is an important, life-saving technique that is used in many emergency situations. CPR is a chest compression technique primarily to aid the flow of oxygenated blood in the body in the absence of normal blood flow. […]

What is Iatrogenic?

What is Iatrogenic? Iatrogenic refers to “being caused by the action of doctors and/or surgeons”. Results of these actions are referred to as “Iatrogenic Conditions” or “Iatrogenesis”. Iatrogenesis is a result of various mistakes committed by medical personnel during the treatment process. Iatrogenesis may be caused by the doctor’s negligence, medical misadventure, lack of medical […]

What is Dilantin?

What is Dilantin? Dilantin has the generic name of Phenytoin and is often referred to as an anticonvulsant. It is an anti-epileptic drug in which the main mechanism is to delay impulses in the brain that may cause seizures. Seizures are sudden malfunctions of the brain that may cause a patient to convulse, collapse, or […]

What is Occupational Therapy?

What is Occupational Therapy? We all have encountered situations where the normal development or functioning of an individual is compromised. This could be as a result of a traumatic experience, medical condition or other reasons. The individual may be dealing with a physical or mental challenge or even both and they will need help in […]

What is CPT Codes?

What is CPT Codes? In 1966, the American Medical Association or AMA decided to come up with a coding system that would be used in record keeping. The initial purpose was to record the cause of death in patients and help in identifying which were the leading causes of death. Today the codes are still […]

What is Uric Acid?

What is Uric Acid? Technically the uric acid is the end product of purine nucleotide metabolism, and it contains carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen. By eating a lot o meat for example, especially red meat, the uric acid level grows in the body and it can become a serious problem after reaching certain limits. The […]

What is Neuropathy?

What is Neuropathy? Neuropathy is a condition describing chronic pain caused by peripheral nerves damage, sometimes accompanied by tissue injury and frequently associated with an underlying disease. The most frequent causes of neuropathy are diabetes, alcoholism, AIDS, chemotherapy, amputations or other kind of traumas. Sometimes there is no obvious cause for the neuropathic pain and […]

What Is Differential Diagnosis?

What Is Differential Diagnosis? Differential Diagnosis is the process of determining a specific diagnosis by systematically comparing similar diagnoses.  Depending on items like medical history, symptoms, test results, own medical knowledge, and/or input from colleagues, doctors will usually come up with a handful of possible diagnoses for a particular condition.  After which, careful evaluation is […]

What is MRSA?

What is MRSA? MRSA is an acronym for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a bacteria that has developed resistance to penicillin. In fact the methicillin is a narrow-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic that was used for a long time to treat infections caused by the Staphylococcus aureus. The name is still used to describe the resilient Staphylococcus aureus, although […]