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What is typhus?

Typhus is a medical condition that is characterized by infection from the Rickettsiae bacteria family.  There are several forms of this disease but in all types, the infection is secondary to exposure from infected insects like fleas and lice.  The most common forms of typhus are endemic typhus, epidemic typhus, and scrub typhus.  The endemic […]

What is typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is a type of fever that is caused by infection from the Salmonella enterica or Typhi bacteria.  This bacteria is known to be present in human feces and can be spread through contaminated food or water.  Once a person is infected with the Salmonella enterica or Typhi bacteria, he/she may get high-grade fever […]

What is meningitis?

Meningitis refers to the inflammation of the meninges which form the outer covering of the brain and spinal cord.  Infection may be secondary to bacterial or viral exposure and in rare cases some medicines may lead to this kind of medical condition.  In terms of prevalence, younger people like children and teens are prone to […]

What is Loperamide used for?

Loperamide is a type of opiod drug that is used for the treatment of diarrhea.  The basic action of Loperamide is to make the stool less watery and slow the movement of the gut.  With these effects, patients with any type of diarrhea may get symptom relief. Loperamide works directly on the digestive system and […]

What are H. pylori symptoms?

‘H. pylori’ is short for Helicobacter pylori, a type of bacterium that is present in the stomach.  This bacterium is also classified as a gram-negative and micro-aerophilic type which may or may not cause symptoms to people infected with it.  In fact, most people that have h. pylori found in their stomachs do not actually […]

What is ehrlichia?

Ehrlichia is a type of bacteria that belongs to the genus rickettsiales.  This particular bacterium is named after Paul Ehrlich, the German microbiologist who discovered it.  Ehrlichia is said to infect mostly animals, especially mammals, and so may also spread to humans.  This type of bacteria is said to attack the white blood cells of […]

What is innate immunity?

What is innate immunity? Innate immunity refers to a type of immunity that is so-called inborn.  It is like a situation wherein the babies automatically inherit the their parents ability to combat possible diseases for example.  In other terms, innate immunity may also be referred to as a non-specific type of immunity. This is due […]

What is Listeriosis?

What is Listeriosis? Listeriosis is a type of infection or food-poisoning that is caused by the bacteria called “Listeria monocytogenes”.  For most healthy people, infection from this bacterium may not cause serious symptoms since the disease is considered self-limiting.  But if the affected persons involved are pregnant, they may suffer from miscarriages and/or transfer the […]

What is Listeria?

What is Listeria? Listeria or Listeria monocytogenes, is actually a very dangerous bacteria as it is a cause of a very dreaded disease, called Listeriosis. In fact, it is not just dangerous due to the disease that it can cause, but it can be found just anywhere. It usually grows on soil. It can then […]

What is Pus?

What is Pus? When a part the body gets infected with some type of bacteria, it may form some yellowish or whitish exudate just under the skin. This exudate is called “pus” and it is the body’s reaction to certain bacterial infections. It is the body’s way of making the white blood cells work and […]