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What is Beriberi?

Introduction: Beriberi is a disease that is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B-1 in the body, further leading to heart failure and inflammation of nerves. It exists in two types i.e. dry beriberi and wet beriberi. Both types leave different effects on the human body. Dry beriberi causes reduction in muscle strengths and […]

What is MVP?

MVP or mitral valve prolapse is a medical condition that involves problems in the mitral valves of the heart. These valves are located in between the left atrium and left ventricle, the two left chambers of the heart.  Normal blood flow runs from the left atrium to the left ventricles. When the blood reaches the […]

What is dystonia?

Dystonia is a motor disorder wherein muscle movement and function becomes abnormal. Various medical conditions may present with dystonia in varying degrees and ways. Most common signs of dystonia include tremors and twisting movements which can be rapid, repetitive, and continuous.  With problems in muscle tone, people with dystonia often have problems maintaining a certain […]

What is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is a medical condition that affects the digestive system in terms of processing and absorbing food with gluten content.  Various grain-based products like wheat and rye for example contain gluten which is not properly absorbed by people with celiac disease. The affected part of the digestive system is the small intestines. Whenever gluten […]

What is dysentery?

Dysentery is an inflammation of the intestines that lead to severe diarrhea.  Traces of blood and/or mucus can also be found in the feces when a person has dysentery. The condition typically starts with pain in the abdominal area that leads to frequent trips to the toilet.  Dehydration is a common side effect if lost […]

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a condition wherein a person has difficulty in reading. The person who has dyslexia may have normal or even above-average intelligence but just couldn’t read fluently.  The problem with dyslexia may be in terms of decoding or recognizing letters and words.  Many dyslexic patients also have problems with spelling because of their reading […]

What is cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy refers to a group of medical conditions that involve abnormalities in the development of motor function.  Patients with cerebral palsy often have abnormalities in terms of muscle tone, joint movement, and  posture among many others. This condition is labelled as non-progressive and may also present with other non-motor symptoms such as abnormalities in […]

What is congestive heart failure?

Congestive heart failure is a disease wherein the heart is unable to pump enough blood to supply the various organs and tissues in the body.  The heart basically functions as a pumping station of blood that is needed by various parts of the body.  When this function is not running efficiently, not enough blood will […]

What is DMF in pharma?

In the field of pharmacology, DMF refers to the “drug master file”. This file or document is submitted to a drug regulating authority as part of a requirement for a new drug for example or as proof of collaboration between two or more pharmaceutical agencies or organizations. In general, companies that manufacture drugs are not […]

What is hemachromatosis?

Hemachromatosis refers to a medical condition wherein the body absorbs too much iron from food. Some experts refer to this condition as iron overload because of the unhealthy levels of iron that is accumulated by the body through various organs including the heart and liver for example. Iron is one of many essential minerals that […]

What is Distemper?

What is Distemper? Distemper is a deadly disease usually affecting dogs and cats.  Though both types are commonly confused as the same, Canine Distemper in dogs and Feline Distemper in cats are caused by different viruses. For Canine Distemper, the virus involved is paramyxovirus.  This type of virus is mostly prevalent during spring and autumn […]

What is Lupus?

What is Lupus? Lupus is a disease that affects the immune system wherein healthy cells cannot be distinguished by the immune system from unhealthy cells. Lupus cases chronic inflammation in many systems of the body including the blood, joints, kidneys and the skin. There are about 1.5 million reported cases of Lupus in the United […]

What is HIV?

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a virus that targets a person’s immune system. Individuals affected with HIV have a weakened immune system, making them susceptible to many illnesses and infections, which eventually leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. The HIV virus attacks white blood cells that are key to the body’s disease fighting […]

What is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes? ‘“ A Few Facts about the Disease Diabetes is classified as a disorder in metabolism. Metabolism is how your body processes the food that you take for energy and growth. The main source of energy for the body is the glucose. Glucose is the product of metabolism and it is a type […]

What is MS?

MS is an abbreviation for Multiple Sclerosis which means many scars. This is a terminal disease that affects the central nervous system, which means it affects the brain and spinal chord for a life time. MS is the most common nervous disease among young adults and is estimated to affect slightly more than 2.5 million […]

What is Cancer?

Cancer can be defined as a disease where abnormal cells multiply and divide uncontrollably, causing the growth of lumps or tumors. These tumors normally grow and interfere with the normal functioning of the body systems and organs. Tumors will also sometimes be the source of hormones that are harmful to the body and reduce the […]