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What is Bursa?

What is Bursa? A bursa is a sac or soft-tissue envelope that can commonly be found in various parts of the body, especially in areas where two components frequently come in contact with each other. In areas where friction is a common occurrence between one bony part to another, or a tendon passing through a […]

What is EED?

What is EED? EED stands for “Embryonic Ectoderm Development” and it refers to a protein present in human beings. This type of protein is said to be encoded by a gene that is named “EED gene” itself. Other people also refer to it as a “polycomb” protein since it belongs to the PcG or Polycomb […]

What is CNS?

What is CNS? CNS or Central Nervous System functions as the body’s central processing center in terms of controlling the activities of the entire body, including the detection of various sensations and movement. Its main components are the brain and spinal cord which have vital functions in processing sensory and motor information in the body. […]

What is RNAI?

What is RNAI? RNAI is the acronym that refers to the RNA Interface. This is a type of system occurring within living cells and plays a vital role in the control of active genes. It also helps determine and influences how these genes are actively working. The core of the RNA interface refers to two […]

What is Thyroxine?

What is Thyroxine? Thyroxine refers to one of the produced hormones through the thyroid gland. It works for the regulation of adrenal system. This thyroid hormone is a major hormone which the follicular cells located in the thyroid gland produce. It is also coined as T4 and plays a crucial role in normal growth and […]

What is PTH?

What is PTH? PTH or parathyroid hormone is a hormone that is considered very important in regulating blood levels of phosphorus and calcium. It is a type of protein hormone and is produced by the parathyroid glands. Its release is said to depend on the calcium levels of the body. When there is low calcium […]

What is ATP and why is it important?

What is ATP and why is it important? ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate. It is a molecule found in the cells of living organisms. It is said to be very important because it transports the energy necessary for all cellular metabolic activities. It is dubbed as the universal unit of energy for living organisms. Without […]

What is FSH?

What is FSH? FSH stands for follicle-stimulating hormone and is a type of gonadotropin involved in regulation of various reproductive activities of the human body. FSH is a protein molecule produced by the anterior pituitary gland and is both present in males and females. For females, this hormone is responsible for the growth and maturity […]

What is the Axilla?

What is the Axilla? The axilla is the junction between the inner part of the upper arm and the shoulder. This part is commonly known as the armpit in which many anatomical structures pass through for support of the upper extremities. The axilla is pyramidal in shape. It has an apex which is directed towards […]

What is Meiosis?

What is Meiosis? Meiosis is the process of cell division among reproductive cells. This process will then give rise to “gametes” in animals and “spores” in plants. Gametes are cells that combine together to form another cell as part of sexual reproduction. In human reproduction, gametes contain the chromosomes and DNA that determines a child’s […]

What is Physiology and Anatomy?

What is Physiology and Anatomy? Physiology and anatomy are the branches of biology. Physiology deals with the study of organs and organ systems. The organ systems in the human body are respiratory system, circulatory system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, skeletal system. Emphasis is laid on the functions carried out by the different systems. Anatomy studies […]