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What is McCarthyism?

McCarthyism was a movement in the US in the 1950s that were started by Joseph McCarthy, a US senator at that time who fought against the spread of communism. The term McCarthyism was coined after the senator made rapid investigations of various Americans, who could have possible ties. McCarthy was heavily criticized for the manner [...]

What is Bicameral?

The term bicameral refers to being composed of two legislative branches or chambers. The word originated from Latin and is a combination of “bi” and “camera”. Bi means “two,” while camera translates to “chamber” in English. Bicameralism is the term used to refer to a government system, wherein two chambers or branches are granted with [...]

what is lieutenant governor?

In the United States and Canada, a lieutenant governors or vice governor is the second highest elected officer of a state which is next in rank or the second-in-command under a governor. The lieutenant governor is also considered as an executive officer that replaces the current governor when there is a case of disability or [...]

What is Area 51?

Area 51 refers to a military air base located in Nevada, USA.  The base’s official name is the Nevada Test and Training Range and Groom Lake based on CIA documents.  What people know about Area 51 is very limited because of the strict secrecy of the activities that are done inside the base.  Most people [...]

What is judicial review?

Judicial review refers to a political process wherein the judicial branch of government is given enough powers to check the authority of other branches like the executive and legislative branches for example.  Through the judicial review process, some kind of check and balance is implemented in terms of the activities of the other branches.  In [...]

What is urbanization?

Urbanization refers to the worldwide trend of migration or movement of people from rural areas like farmlands to areas where there are more people called urban areas, towns, or cities.  A certain area is considered highly urbanized when its population will steadily increase due to the influx of people from other areas, mostly rural ones. [...]

What is Martial Law?

Martial law refers to a situation wherein governments or leaders of a country are forced to take over a certain territory or an entire nation by means of military power or rule. The imposition or implementation of martial law is typically done during an emergency situation which could be temporary or may even be long-term. [...]

What is friendly fire?

Friendly fire refers to an attack or firing of guns and weapons on fellow soldiers or allies while trying to dispose off enemies.  These situations are typically accidental in nature and may result to injury or death to other soldiers who may belong to the same unit, group, or country.  Discharge of gunfire towards so-called [...]

What is FPTP?

FPTP or First Past The Post is a type of election or voting system wherein the candidate that wins the majority of the votes wins the election.  FPTP is also referred to as a plurality-based voting and electoral system. The system used for FPTP is widely used in many countries around the world.  One basic [...]

What is CQ politics?

What is CQ politics? “CQ politics” refers to the political publication called Congressional Quarterly.  This particular publication basically provides stories about what goes on inside the U.S. Congress.  Congress-related stories and features are available for subscription in both printed and online forms. Congressional Quarterly is a trusted publication in terms of its stories about congressional [...]

What is armistice?

What is armistice? An armistice is like a truce between warring parties or groups.  It involves suspension of any fighting while the warring parties try to discuss between themselves all their concerns or demands regarding their fight.  In the case of war, an armistice doesn’t mean that the fighting is over just because the parties [...]

What is BJP?

What is BJP? BJP stands for Bharatiya Janata Party, the second largest political party in India. This political party was established back in 1980 and stands as one of only two major political parties in India. Throughout its existence, the BJP has been known to be supporters of Indian Nationalism. Traditionally, the Bharatiya Janata Party [...]

What is a Fuhrer?

What is a Fuhrer? Fuhrer is a term with German roots and it is a form of title given to a particular leader or guide. In its generic sense, somebody in authority of a particular group, organization, or even a whole country is given the title “Fuhrer”. Alternately, “Fuhrer” may also be spelled as “Fuehrer” [...]

What is IDEA?

What is IDEA? IDEA or the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Act” is a law in the US that regulates how public offices and agencies are supposed to provide for the special needs of students with disabilities. Under this federal law, those with disabilities are guaranteed with special rights and privileges in terms of proper and [...]

What is CAG?

What is CAG? The CAG or “Comptroller and Auditor General” of India is the main auditor of the expenses incurred by India’s government as indicated on its own constitution. Part of the CAG’s authority is also to audit the expenditures of India’s state governments and various companies owned by the government. And as auditor of [...]

What is Nationalism?

What is Nationalism? Nationalism is the concept that involves people that identify themselves as a political unit or a nation. It’s a belief that a particular nation has to be recognized and be given rights to statehood. But since nationalism could be interpreted in so many different ways, many people also have different views on [...]

What is a Circuit Court?

What is a Circuit Court? In the US, a circuit court serves as the intermediate original and appellate court for a specific judicial district or circuit. One circuit court is assigned to 11 circuits that represent the whole of the US. Both original and appellate jurisdiction is exercised by a particular circuit court. Original jurisdiction [...]

What is the Bill of Rights?

What is the Bill of Rights? In almost all countries of the world, the Bill of Rights represents some sort of list of all the basic rights of citizens. The obvious purpose of making such a list is to allow people to exercise their freedom and their rights while living in a particular country and [...]

What is FCC?

What is FCC? FCC is the acronym for Federal Communications Commission which is an organization in the United States of America. This agency was tasked for the interstate as well as the international regulation of all media of communications. These media include cable, television and radio which operates in all the fifty states in the [...]

What is Popular Sovereignty?

What is Popular Sovereignty? Popular sovereignty is a basic concept of government that revolves around the idea that any state or government is only made legitimate if the will and power of the people consent to it. Literally, political power rests on the people residing in a state or country and not on the people [...]

What Is TGA?

What Is TGA? In Australia, TGA is a very important part of the government. It is actually under the Department of Health and Ageing. TGA stands for Therapeutic Goods Administration. Their main function is to have control and close monitoring over therapeutic goods and services that are available all over Australia. They have a set [...]

What Is Republic?

What Is Republic? If you live in a country following the Republic as a form of government, you are more or less familiar of how it is being run. Well, in this form of government, the people have a major role being played. It is even called a government run by the people rather than [...]

What is Legislative Power?

What is Legislative Power? Legislative power refers to the power of the legislative branch of a particular government. This branch of government is in-charge with the creation, amendment, and changing of the laws of a particular country. To “legislate” literally means to “pass and/or create” laws. But aside from their duty involving the laws of [...]

What is Separation of Powers?

What is Separation of Powers? In its political interpretation, separation of powers refer to different branches of a particular government having independent powers of their own without one being more powerful than the other. This concept ensures that no particular branch of government will be able to abuse its power and use it over another [...]

What is Being Built at Ground Zero?

What is Being Built at Ground Zero? You must have heard of the phrase “being built at ground zero”, now what exactly does it mean? Perhaps, in order to understand the meaning of the phrase, it is best to give a meaning to “ground zero”. According to Wikipedia, the term ground zero is described as [...]

What does KGB stand for?

What does KGB stand for? KGB stands for the “Komitet Gosundarstvennoy Bezopasnosti” which means Committee for State Security in the English language. It was the USSR’s main intelligence unit from 1954 to 1991. After 1991, it was replaced by the FSB or Federal Security Service. The KGB was tasked to be the Soviet Union’s primary [...]

What is Foreign Policy?

What is Foreign Policy? A foreign policy is a strategy or policy implemented by governments as a form of protection of national interest. It sets guidelines on how a particular country deals with other countries in various disciplines like in trade and economics, immigration, and law enforcement among others. With the advent of globalization, more [...]

What is ETA?

What is ETA? ETA stands for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna and it means “Basque Homeland and Liberty” in English. It is a terrorist and separatist group founded in 1959 with the goal of gaining an independent Basque state in an area on the northern part of Spain and southwestern part of France. The Basques refer to [...]

What is Ethnocentrism?

What is Ethnocentrism? Ethnocentrism is the view or belief that one’s ethnicity is superior over the others. The “ethno” from the word ethnocentrism comes from “ethnos”, a Greek word meaning “people”. “Centrism” meanwhile refers to “center”. Literally, ethnocentrism translates to people’s self-centeredness, viewing oneself as better than others, in terms of beliefs and/or points of [...]

What is Ideology?

What is Ideology? Ideology refers to one’s ideas or beliefs that govern his/her particular action. If a person thinks of something as ideal, he/she usually lives according to this particular ideal. Ideology is quite so complex that it has various applications to the different aspects of life. In basic communities, ideology shows up as some [...]

What is Klu Klux Klan?

What is Klu Klux Klan? Klu Klux Klan is a racist and/or hate group formed after the American Civil War by white Americans who wanted supremacy over other races. It was formed in 1865 during the US Reconstruction period by former Confederate soldiers and sympathizers from the South and various vigilante groups because of their [...]

What is Anarchy?

What is Anarchy? Anarchy is derived from a Greek word anarchia which means “without any leadership”. Anarchy has many possible meanings hence can be used in both positive and negative sense. It is used mostly in the negative sense to describe the violence and chaos of a lawless society. Anarchy concept expresses belief that people [...]

What is Anarchy?

What is Anarchy? Anarchy is derived from a Greek word anarchia which means “without any leadership”. Anarchy has many possible meanings hence can be used in both positive and negative sense. It is used mostly in the negative sense to describe the violence and chaos of a lawless society. Anarchy concept expresses belief that people [...]

What is Mercantilism?

What is Mercantilism? Mercantilism is an economic system adopted by countries whose governments want control over the economy. The basis of this system involves wealth accumulation, establishment of favorable trade with other countries, and development of internal resources in the manufacturing and agriculture sectors. Mercantilism has been practiced in Europe as early as the 16th [...]

What is Apartheid?

What is Apartheid? Apartheid basically means segregation and it is related to a political system. In 1948 up until 1993, the Republic of South Africa was dominated by apartheid. Apartheid in South Africa was based on segregation and racial discrimination. The apartheid system can be traced back from the start of the 20th century. Every [...]

What is NAFTA?

What is NAFTA? NAFTA stands for North American Free Trade Agreement, which is signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico and the United States of America. This agreement came into effect in January 1, 1994 and started the trilateral trade bloc in the North America. The main goal of NAFTA is to eradicate the stumbling [...]

What is Prop 8?

What is Prop 8? Prop 8 is also known as the Proposition 8 or the California Marriage Protection Act. The Act was passed in the state elections on November 2008. Prop 8 is all about a new provision added to the California Constitution, Section 7.5 of the Declaration of Rights. The provision aims to do [...]

What is Imperialism?

What is Imperialism? Imperialism is when a stronger and more established country creates policies in a weaker country that enables the former to extend its influences in that country. Such influences can include cultural, political, military or economic, among others. The end goal of imperialism is almost always to increase their power, influence and wealth. [...]

What is the GOP?

What is the GOP? The GOP, or Grand Old Party, is another name for the Republican Party, one of the two main political parties in modern America. It can trace its origins back to 1854, when it was founded by anti-slavery campaigners who had become disillusioned with the Whig Party. It is now the conservative [...]

What is NATO?

What is NATO? NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization or sometimes often called North Atlantic Alliance. NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance, which was signed on April 04, 1949. Originally, twelve countries signed on this North Atlantic Treaty. Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Great Britain, and the United [...]

What is Sudan Known for? – Few Facts about Sudan

What is Sudan Known for? – Few Facts about Sudan Maybe you have heard of the country Sudan but perhaps you do not know much about it. Sudan is a country in Africa, which is the largest and often called the “Horn of Africa”. The country is located in the northeast region of the continent [...]

What is G6?

What is G6? G6 or “Group of Six” refers to the six member countries of the European Union with the largest populations, and consequently the largest number of votes in the Council of the EU.  In 2003, it was originally established as G5 with 5 member countries namely Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, and Spain. [...]

What is The Bradley Effect?

In the run up to any big election there are all manner of opinion polls that are carried out. These opinion polls are used to measure the popularity of the various candidates and also to give a possible idea of who is likely to win the election. Having a large number of opinion polls conducted [...]

What Is Federalism?

What Is Federalism? Federalism is a form of government wherein the constitution provides that power is divided or shared between a central form of government and regional governments like states.  Through laws and officials, both governments act directly on the people but also have to agree on any changes to the constitution. The division of [...]

What Is FICA?

What Is FICA? FICA stands for Federal Insurance Contributions Act.  It is a law in the U.S. that requires a certain deduction from an employee’s paycheck for Social Security and for Medicare.  Employers deduct a set percentage from the employees’ salaries and are expected to match the same amount for the employees’ benefits.  This law [...]

What is Tamil Eelam?

What is Tamil Eelam? To the South of India and North East of Sri Lanka is a region where the native inhabitants are known as Tamils. This is an Asian community that has a deep history that is recorded from the some time in the BC era. This means that they currently have a recorded [...]

What is Kurdistan?

What is Kurdistan? Kurdistan is an extensive region in the Middle East that comprises of areas within Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Syria. The region is mainly inhabited by Kurds who are a community with Indo-European roots. The total area covered by the Kurdistan region is approximately 392,000 km² within these four countries. The earliest recorded official [...]

What is The Tea Party?

What is The Tea Party? On December 16, 1773, in Boston which was then a part of the British colony of Massachusetts, there was a revolt against the British government by the colonists for what they considered violations of their rights with regards to taxes. Over the years this revolt has inspired many other American [...]

What is Zionism?

What is Zionism? Zionism refers to the belief that Jews have a right to their own independent state. It is also a political movement founded by Austrian Jew Theodor Herzl in 1896 with the aim of returning European Jews (and all Jews for that matter) to Jerusalem, thus Herzl is recognized as the founder of [...]

What is the Problem in Ayodhya?

What is the Problem in Ayodhya? There has been a conflict going on for many years between Hindus and Muslims in Ayodhya, India. The cause of the dispute is a holy patch of land that both religious groups is claiming rightful ownership to. Ayodhya is located in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh in India. [...]

What is Genocide of Tamils?

What is Genocide of Tamils? The genocide of Tamils refers to the mass killing of Tamils in Sri Lanka, in the hands of the Sinhalese. This is one of the main issues that are fueling the conflict between the Sri Lankan government and Rebel Tamil Tigers. In 1972, Velupillai Prabhakaran, the then leader of the [...]

What is the Problem in Kashmir?

What is the Problem in Kashmir? Kashmir, a region in the northeastern part of India is in the middle of a heated conflict between India and neighboring Pakistan. While the India-Pakistan conflict is the more prominent conflict in the region, China and the Kashmiri people are also involved in a dispute with India regarding territory. [...]