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What is white paper?

White paper is an informational document handed out by firms as part of their marketing efforts. These papers aim to highlight or promote a particular product, service or solution in order to gain new clients and customers. White papers are made and written to inform the target audience about the service, product, methodology and technology. [...]

What a TWIC Card?

TWIC basically stands for Transportation Worker Identification Credential, an initiative by the US government to provide a common identification credential for individuals to have passage through facilities regulated by the Maritime Transportation Security Administration (MTSA). These facilities include any vessels involved in navigation and maritime work under the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002, whether [...]

What is direct democracy?

Direct democracy is a type of democracy wherein citizens or people of a particular country or community make the actual decisions regarding the laws and policies applicable to them. In a direct democracy, the people themselves will cast their votes for or against a certain rule or policy. When there are elected government officials involved, [...]

What is Logic?

Logic is a term derived from the Greek language which means reason. It involves studying principles of right thinking. However, this is a basic definition because the actual and proper definition of logic is still very controversial. Studying the principles of right thinking does not necessary imply that logic is concerned with reasoning as a [...]

What is False Imprisonment?

False imprisonment can be considered as a crime/felony or a tort, which involves the intentional restriction of the freedom of movement of another person. A tort can be defined as a wrongful civil action which can result in a physical or psychological harm to a person, or a damage to his property. False imprisonment can [...]

What is CST?

CST is an acronym for Central Sales Tax which refers to the tax imposed by the Government of India on sales of products. CST is applied in situations involving sales of products between states and does not apply to the sale of goods or products with a state or exported and imported goods. An interstate [...]

What is lis pendens?

Lis pendens refers to the notice issued to say that a lawsuit pertaining to a title of a real estate property was already filed in court. The term lis pendens is a Latin term which means “a suit pending”. Lis pendens is filed at the clerk of the court and then it has to be [...]

What is House Arrest?

House arrest refers to the condition wherein an individual is confined to his primary residence, instead of going to prison. This is considered as more practical compared to the traditional type of imprisonment, because it permits the law offender to earn and maintain his family. House arrest also involves appearing in probation appointments, undergoing rehabilitation [...]

What is criminal justice?

Criminal justice deals with controlling of crime and imposition of fines and penalties to people that violate the rules and laws that governments establish. The criminal justice system also includes the different departments and agencies of the government to ensure that perpetrators of crime pay for their non-compliance to the laws. Criminal justice explained In [...]

What is Litigation?

The term litigation is often used to refer to proceedings commenced between two parties with the aim of defending or enforcing a legal right. Generally, litigation is settled when parties agree though it can also be heard by a judge or a jury in a court of law. Contrary to common belief, litigation isn’t just [...]

What is Forensic Science?

Forensic science refers to any discipline that serves the purpose of law to provide objective scientific proof that can be used in legal processes such as criminal trials and investigation. It is a multi-disciplinary area of study that principally draws from biology and chemistry, geology, physics, social sciences and psychology. In a criminal investigation, investigators [...]

What is impeachment?

Impeachment refers to the quasi-criminal proceedings of the Senate that is done to take out a government official from its post. Impeachment is composed of a complicated series of action undertaken by the legislative body in order to remove a public official from office. In an impeachment, the congress acts like a grand jury and [...]

What is Blood Doping?

Blood Doping is a term used to refer to the illegal process of enhancing the athletic ability of athletes. Blood doping occurs when artificial methods are used to boost the ability of an athlete’s blood to carry more oxygen to body muscles. In most cases, blood doping works by increasing the level of hemoglobin available [...]

What is Family Law?

Family law refers to an extensive arm of law that looks into matters relating to family and domestic relations. Family law focuses on issues relating to marriage, domestic partnerships and civil unions, surrogacy, adoption, child abduction and abuse, relationship termination and ancillary matters such as divorce, property settlements, annulment, child custody and support, visitation, alimony [...]

What is grand larceny?

Grand larceny is the illegal taking of another’s property which exceeds a certain amount. Grand larceny is similar to theft as both crimes pertain to the illegal taking of a property or properties, except that the property or properties taken under grand larceny is of higher value. Property can pertain to different items such as [...]

What is Judicial Activism?

Judicial activism is an approach used to exercise judicial review of court decisions involving issues of constitutionality and validity of executive actions or legislative acts. The term judicial activism was coined by Arthur Bancroft Schlesinger, a Pulitzer Prize-winning author of the “Age of Jackson” and famous history professor in Harvard University. Under the principles of [...]

What is BLM?

BLM is the acronym for Bureau of Land Management, an agency of the United States Department of Interior. BLM is responsible for the administration of an estimated 247.3 million areas that consists public land in the US. Public land makes up about one eight of America’s land mass. In addition, BLM manages the subsurface mineral [...]

What is LexisNexis?

LexisNexis refers to a database which contains legal documents and archives of periodicals. Some examples of publications classified under periodicals include newspapers, magazines, and journals. This extensive archive of different types of searchable content is commonly used worldwide by people who practice in different fields. In order to gain access to LexisNexis, a subscription fee [...]

What is double jeopardy?

Double jeopardy refers to a legal right of a person to not be put on trial twice for the same offense committed. If a person is already put to court for a certain crime, he/she cannot be prosecuted again in another court or the same court for the same crime as stipulated by the double [...]

What is LCSW?

Introduction: LCSW stands for licensed clinical social worker. These workers are expert in various fields and can work professional in every field, but only after meeting some particular requirements. LCSW is basically a license or certification for becoming a well reputed social worker but this may not always be the case. Some states do not [...]

What is Lien?

Lien refers to a warning or a notice that is given to a property owner saying a certain creditor claims that you owe him or her money. Generally, lien is a record that is made public. For actual properties, liens are registered at the count record office or with an agency of state such as [...]

What is defamation of character?

Defamation of character is the term used to describe a false statement that was said to malign or assassinate the character of another person intentionally. Defamation of character is considered illegal, but it is however difficult to prove in the court of law. In order to prove that a defamation of character has taken place, [...]

What is fair use?

Fair use refers to a policy that is covered under the Copyright law which allows use of copyrighted material without necessarily having to seek a permit from the original writer or author for example. Through fair use, some or part of the contents of copyrighted material may be used freely. The interpretation and application of [...]

What is criminal law?

Criminal law deals with the set of statutes and rules made by various governments on how citizens should conduct themselves in neither manner that does not threaten nor harm or compromise the safety and welfare of the general population. Criminal law also sets out the punishments for those who have committed criminal acts. Felonies vs. [...]

What is Ibid?

Ibid is short for ibidem, which is a Latin word that means “the same place.” The term ibidem is usually used in footnotes of scholarly texts and materials, so the author will not have to cite a lengthy title over and over again. The writer can reference the title in a footnote and then use [...]

What is Arbitrary Detention?

Arbitrary Detention is the kind of detention of an individual without due process or court trial. Those who are arbitrary detained were not given any explanation as to why they are being held. Their whereabouts are unknown from their families or the public and they usually suffer from physical or psychological torture during interrogation. They [...]

What is author’s purpose?

Author’s purpose refers to the author’s intention in writing a certain article, passage, or story.  This purpose may be stated openly in a particular article or readers may need to dig a little deeper in terms of their reading in terms of getting the author’s purpose or actual intent. The author’s purpose may be informative [...]

What is GEQD?

GEQD stands for Government Examiner of Questioned Documents and it refers to a government position with the basic task of providing forensic document analysis and services.  Many countries have their own so-called document examiners that are needed in various cases wherein there are disputed documents in terms of authorship or authenticity.  In India, there are [...]

What is judicial review?

Judicial review refers to a political process wherein the judicial branch of government is given enough powers to check the authority of other branches like the executive and legislative branches for example.  Through the judicial review process, some kind of check and balance is implemented in terms of the activities of the other branches.  In [...]

What is EOWA?

EOWA or the Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace Agency is an organization that is run by the Australian government to help promote equality in the workplace especially for women.  The main goal or function of the agency is to monitor eligible companies and organizations across Australia in terms of giving women the same [...]

What is Martial Law?

Martial law refers to a situation wherein governments or leaders of a country are forced to take over a certain territory or an entire nation by means of military power or rule. The imposition or implementation of martial law is typically done during an emergency situation which could be temporary or may even be long-term. [...]

What is martial law?

Martial law refers to a state wherein a particular country or region is under military rule or power. In extreme instances like massive riots, protests, and wars for example, some governments may be forced to use military power over the entire country or a particular district in order to restore peace and order. In most [...]

What is EAJA?

EAJA refers to the Equal Access to Justice Act, a law in the US that allows the awarding of legal costs and fees to prevailing parties of cases or lawsuits that are filed against the US federal government. As long as the cases are considered justified, the prevailing parties involved may ask for the US [...]

What is a living trust?

Living trusts are legal documents created by people who wish to entrust applicable assets or property to him/herself or other people while he/she is still alive. Similar to a will, a living trust contains all the details on who should control a certain property, and which assets are to be taken cared of by specific [...]

What is a PSV license?

PSV licenses refer to Public Service Vehicle licenses in the UK. These licenses are required for operators of so-called public service vehicles or vehicles that are intended for public use. When a vehicle is intended for hiring by about 9 or more passengers, the operator of this particular vehicle must secure a PSV license in [...]

What is CKC registration for dogs?

CKC registration for dogs refers to dog registrations administered by Canadian Kennel Club. This particular club is Canada’s primary and trusted dog registration agency and provides certifications to dogs that are classified as pure breeds or pedigrees. If a person owns a purebred dog in Canada, he/she can have his dog registered at the CKC. [...]

What are inherent powers?

Inherent powers are types of power or authority that are innately possessed rather than derived from or bestowed by other sources. In the case of governments around the world, inherent powers are also referred to as intrinsic or built-in powers because they are not given by external sources. When a person or state for example [...]

What is GBH?

GBH is harm caused by intention. It is penalized under section 18 and 20 in English law codes. GBH is an abbreviation of grievous bodily harm, and it is a harm caused by someone who has strong and revengeful intentions and harms the opponent physically. Wounds are usually not considered a gruesome crime and people [...]

What is Islamic Sharia Law

What is Islamic Sharia Law “Sharia” refers to an Islamic law that pertains to various practices and standards that cover religion, political concerns, moral standards, criminal activities, economics, and even personal concerns.  Most of the guidelines indicated in the Sharia law are sourced from the Quran which is the Holy Scripture for Islam followers.  The [...]

What is Kuhlmeier?

What is Kuhlmeier? “Kuhlmeier” refers to the family name of a high-school student named Cathy who filed  a case against her school paper because of some concerns regarding freedom of speech.  This case became a landmark case in the U.S. because it involved the questioning of the supposed right and freedom of speech and/or expression [...]

What is EEO information?

“EEO information” refers to the information and laws that promote Equal Employment Opportunity as mandated by U.S. law.  Back in 1964, the federal government of the U.S. passed an act declaring equal opportunities for people who wish to find jobs in America.  Under the EEOC, or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, policies and laws relating [...]

Who is Big Meech?

Big Meech is the nickname of Demetrius Flenory, one of two founding brothers of the BMF, or Black Mafia Family. Demetrius, or Big Meech, along with his younger brother Terry were involved in the selling of illegal drugs starting in the late 1980s.  Their drug trafficking activities were said to have started in their hometown [...]

What is annexation?

What is annexation? Annexation is term that refers to the binding of two different things into one part.  It can be applied to a variety of things including buildings, properties, and territories.  In its legal context, annexation relates to the consolidation of two different things or entities.  In this case, the thing being “annexed” is [...]

What is Hasawa 1974?

What is Hasawa 1974? Hasawa 1974 refers to the “Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974″. This is a legislated Act by the UK Parliament that defines and regulates certain standards and provisions to be followed by employers with regards to the health, safety, and welfare of their employees. This Act provides the basic [...]

What is CHPA?

What is CHPA? CHPA stands for Certified HealthCare Protection Administrator and it refers to a person who is considered certified in the area of healthcare security and management. For people in this area of business, the CHPA is the highest form of certification and only a few hundred people in the US are given this [...]

What is Bail?

What is Bail? Bail refers to property or money that is promised or pledged to a court in exchange for the temporary release of an individual who is supposed to be in jail. This pledge takes into account that the suspect or individual is expected to return to court for trial proceedings at a pre-determined [...]