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What is a Thesis?

A thesis is an academic proposition that an individual is seeking to defend through a well-researched and thoughtful process. A thesis is usually applied to persons seeking an academic or professional degree, such as a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree. A dissertation is usually a thesis’ equivalent in the doctorate level, however, in many [...]

What is Biology?

Biology, quite simply put, is the science and study of life and living organisms. Biology is commonly referred to as the “science of life”. The term biology comes from the Greek words “bios” meaning life, and “–logia” the study of. Biology is a natural science that deals with the living world; how it is structured, [...]

What are Aptitude Tests?

What are Aptitude Tests? Aptitude tests are used as measures for a person’s intelligence it terms of logic, reasoning, thinking, and comprehension. Usually these types of tests are administered in a classroom setup and have a set of time limits for different sections. Most aptitude tests may in the form of a speed test or [...]

What is LLB Degree?

What is LLB Degree? LLB (LL.B, LLB or Ll.B.) is an abbreviated form of Bachelor Laws, a bachelor or undergraduate degree in law basically coming from England. Now, it is already being offered in most common law countries as the fundamental law degree. In a few countries like Canada, it is usually being referred to [...]

What is Dictation?

What is Dictation? Dictation involves a process of learning wherein one person reads aloud a particular text while other people listen and write down what is being said. It is commonly used in schools as part of the students’ learning process. But it may also be applied in corporate offices, especially during business meetings. In [...]

What is APA format?

What is APA format? The APA format is a style of writing. The American Psychological Association developed the style. The format dictates how the sources cited in a paper are identified and the layout of the document. The APA format has writers list their sources alphabetically. The sources are included on a separate page titled [...]

What is OLSAT?

What is OLSAT? OLSAT or Otis-Lennon School Ability Test is type of aptitude test published by Pearson NNC. This particular test is commonly used across the US to screen the abilities of children from pre-kindergarten up to 18 years of age, in terms of their reasoning skills and abstract thinking abilities. Originally developed in 1918, [...]

What is Education?

What is Education? Education is a broad concept involving a process or an experience of acquiring information from our external environment. Knowledge and information may be acquired by formal or informal means. Informal education simply refers to knowledge acquired through everyday experiences. A person starts learning as soon as he/she is born. During the early [...]

What is RSP?

What is RSP? RSP stands for Resource Specialist Program, a specialized educational program developed for children and/or students with special needs and learning disabilities. It is part of the US’ Special Education system which requires all public schools across the country to offer this specialized type of educational services to students who may need them. [...]

What is BM?

What is BM? BM is the acronym for Bachelor of Music which is a scholastic degree or achievement you could attain from a university or college. Moreover, it could also be completed in a conservatory of music based on the programs they require. Some of the common courses you must comply with and complete include [...]

What is PMP?

What is PMP? PMP is an acronym for project management professional. This is a credential which can be attained through the project management institute, also known as PMI. Since July 2010, there was said to be close to four hundred thousand PMPs worldwide. Also since September of 2006 over four thousand people have been becoming [...]

What is RIT?

What is RIT? RIT or “Rasch Units” are units of measurement involving the difficulty of individual items to give an estimate for what a particular student has achieved. Scores that students get from this particular test are called RIT scores and these scores are validated using the RIT scale. The RIT scale concept is developed [...]

What is a Magnet School?

What is a Magnet School? Magnet schools are specialized schools that are part of the US public school system. These schools are termed “magnets” because they attract students from outside of a particular school zone to become part of the specialized curriculum the school provides. In the public school system, usually what happens is that [...]

What Is Curriculum?

What Is Curriculum? From the point of view of education, curriculum would refer to the stakeholders that would make up a successful outcome for an educational endeavor. Say for instance in a college, the stakeholders would involve the people within the school. These are the administrators, teachers, students, staff, and directors. Yet, it is also [...]

What Is Charter School?

What Is Charter School? Charter schools are actually just like public schools for both elementary and secondary. However, the only difference is that they are allowed to receive donations from charity organizations and groups, and are free of charge. These donations are basically what keep this school alive. Since they are considered charter school, they [...]

What Is BYU?

What Is BYU? BYU is a very popular university located in Provo, Utah. BYU stands for Brigham Young University and is founded by the LDS or the Mormon Church. This school is popular foe being America’s largest university with religious affiliation as well as 4th among the largest private universities all over America. Since this [...]

What Is UCAS?

What Is UCAS? UCAS actually means Universities and Colleges Admissions Service. It is based in UK and it is responsible for the admission of students who want to pursue a full time degree in different universities and colleges in UK. It is actually a charitable organization in nature. There are certain processes involved in order [...]

What is Direct Instruction?

What is Direct Instruction? Direct instruction is a method of teaching that involves clear and definite instructions and/or demonstrations given to students to improve the learning process. With direct instruction, each single step of a particular topic or concern is explained to the students. Rather than letting the students experiment things on their own or [...]

What is a CFI?

What is a CFI? A CFI refers to a “certified” flight instructor. It is the title given to flight instructors who passed standard qualification and certification requirements that are specific to a country or jurisdiction. In simple terms, those that get to be CFIs are allowed by law to teach and give trainings that relate [...]

What is LSDAS?

What is LSDAS? LSDAS stands for Law School Data Assembly Service and this pertains to the service offered by the Law School Admission Council to collate all data from incoming students of various law schools. The LSDAS serves as a centralized database of all relevant information on pre-law students that seek entry to different law [...]

What is Literary Analysis?

What is Literary Analysis? Literary Analysis is a form of review or criticism to a particular written material. It is an opinion expressed by a particular writer regarding another writer’s work and this opinion could include facts and details of the literary work reviewed, reactions to some details of the work, corrections to ideas that [...]

What is BTEC?

What is BTEC? BTEC stands for Business and Technology Education Council. It is a British organization formed in 1984 that provides various qualifications for a wide range of vocational courses. Courses that are part of this program are called “BTECs”. BTECs or BTEC courses are popular because of the “hands-on” experience in the learning system. [...]

What is LSAT?

What is LSAT? LSAT stands for Law School Admission Test and it is a standardized test for incoming law students of schools in the US and Canada. This test is administered by the LSAC or the Law School Admission Council four times in a given year. LSAT is required by law schools to measure reading [...]

What is a JD Degree?

What is a JD Degree? JD stands for “Juris Doctor” and a JD degree is a professional graduate degree in law education. This degree is required from allindividuals who want to practice law. In almost all states in the US, getting this degree would mean admission to the American Bar Association and eventually get a license to [...]

What is MRAD?

What is MRAD? MRAD is the abbreviation used for “milliradians”. Milliradians are units of measurement that pertain to 1/1000 of a radian. The radian is a measure of angular distance or the ratio involving one length of the radius and a similar length of the circle arc. The angle produced with these two items provides [...]

What is a BSEE degree?

“BSEE” refers to an undergraduate degree called Bachelor’s of Science in Electrical Engineering.  As the term suggests, electrical engineering is a field of engineering that deals with electronics and electricity.  All other areas and disciplines that involve computer electronics, power generation, and control systems are major topics under the B.S. in electrical engineering degree. Students [...]

What is HNC equivalent to?

What is HNC equivalent to? “HNC” refers to the “Higher National Certificate,” a type of certification for people who may want to get a degree or higher education in the U.K.  Having a Higher National Certificate is equivalent to a Level 4 course or the first year of a standard bachelor’s degree.  When one has [...]

What is DIBELS?

What is DIBELS? “DIBELS” stands for “Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills,” and it refers to a testing program to assess the literacy of young children from the time they are at kindergarten level up to the elementary sixth grade level.  This particular testing program was developed by Dr. Roland Good and Dr. Ruth [...]

What is an FNP nurse?

What is an FNP nurse? An FNP nurse, or Family Nurse Practitioner, is a person that is licensed or certified to practice as a nurse practitioner in the special field of Family Medicine.  FNP nurses may also specialize in common areas like pediatrics or geriatrics depending on their preferences and qualifications.  In most states in [...]

What is JTO?

What is JTO? “JTO” stands for “Junior Telecom Officer,” a job position being offered by one of India’s biggest companies in the telecommunications and electronics industry, BSNL, or Barath Sanchar Nigam Limited.  Many graduates in India aim for the JTO position to be part of the huge call center and service operations of BSNL.  This [...]

What is FAAD?

What is FAAD? “FAAD” refers to a “Fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology.”  In the field of medicine, a medical student/graduate becomes a fellow once he/she has completed his/her residency program.  In the case of dermatologists, the medical graduate or doctor will become part of the FAAD. A fellowship in medicine usually takes about [...]

What is HSK certificate?

What is HSK certificate? HSK or Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi certificates refer to Chinese proficiency test certificates provided by HSK Center Beijing Language and Culture University.  The certificates are issued to successful examinees of the HSK test which are given to non-native Chinese speakers. HSK certificates are awarded for three different proficiency levels namely HSK Basic, [...]

What is FAYM?

What is FAYM? FAYM refers to the Foundation to Assist Young Musicians, a non-profit organization formed in 2007 to help young musicians who may have great talent and skills but don’t have the necessary means for development and training. The basic programs of FAYM are geared towards helping poor kids get the support they need [...]

What is CCC certification?

The CCC, or China Compulsory Certificate, refers to a required safety certification on various products that are either imported to China or local goods that are being sold inside China.  For manufacturers that wish to do business and sell their products in China, their products must secure the so-called CCC certification.  This particular product safety [...]

What is a Key Club in high school?

Key Club is a service organization among high school students.  Its main objective is to teach student leadership skills by means of involvement in service-based projects in the community.  Key Clubs in various high schools across the world are considered one of the oldest service organizations involving high school students.  Key Club is also part [...]

What is an AWS certification?

“AWS certification” refers to a certification for welders issued by the AWS or American Welding Society.  The best thing about an AWS certification is that it is not only recognized in the U.S. but also internationally.  When a person gets AWS-certified, for example, he/she can practice almost anywhere in the world with the assurance that [...]

What is INA certification?

“INA certification” refers to certification issued by the International Nanny Association.  For nannies in the U.S. and in other parts of the world, they may seek INA certification in order to help prove their knowledge, competency, and skills to their prospective employers.  Although getting a certification from INA is not required or mandatory, having it [...]

What is FLKRS?

“FLKRS” stands for “Florida Kindergarten Readiness Screener,” and it refers to a form of screening tests for incoming kindergarten students for all public schools in the state of Florida.  FLKRS is a requirement for all new kindergarten students in Florida as directed by Florida’s Department of Education.  This particular screening test is administered at every [...]

What is CACREP?

CACREP or the Council for Accreditation of Counseling an Related Educational Programs is an organization that provides accreditation to various types of counseling programs offered by different US-based institutions and those that have international presence.  Whether an institution is involved with counseling for drug addicts or mental illness for example, they can gain accreditation through [...]

What is EAL Teaching?

The full form of EAL teaching is English as an Additional Language. This is a course often taken up by students who want to learn English as a second or third language. It can be guessed that the mother tongue of these students is not English, yet they have a curiosity to learn and understand [...]

What is AQF?

The AQF or the Australian Qualifications Framework is Australia’s national policy in terms of educational attainment and qualifications.  Through the AQF, various educational qualifications in Australia are divided into 10 different levels with each level pertaining to one’s educational attainment, level of experience, intelligence and training.  The Australian Qualifications Framework is being handled by the [...]

What is CNPR training?

What is CNPR training? CNPR training refers to a training program for people who wish to become a Certified National Pharmaceutical Representative. This training program is typically offered in many colleges across the US and Canada and its intention is to provide a skills and training certification for students who wish to become part of [...]

What is balanced literacy?

Balanced literacy refers to a method of teaching wherein phonics is combined with whole language learning to help students acquire proficiency in reading and understanding concepts. Through balanced literacy, students will be guided in various study components that typically starts with read-aloud sessions to reading independently. The basic concept of balanced learning is to give [...]

What is educational research?

Education research refers to various studies that aim to get details on how to improve student learning and the overall education process as a whole. Through educational research, various learning and school-related activities and processes are studied, evaluated, and analyzed in order to know the problems and concerns associated with them and to know which [...]

What is MJI?

MJI refers to the Michigan Jewish Institute, a Jewish-sponsored school located in the Metropolitan Detroit area of Michigan.  This institute offers Jewish-based teachings for its tertiary and/or bachelors degree programs.  Founded in 1994 by the Metropolitan Detroit Jewish community, the MJI offers college courses that are specifically designed for those who wish to have bachelor’s [...]

What is Enquiry-based learning?

Enquiry-based learning is a way of learning and/or teaching that is based on a person’s own questions, ideas, and research. Unlike the standard approach of providing students with reading materials and letting them study specific items, Enquiry-based learning focuses on the students’ point of view and inquiries in terms of their background and social experience. [...]

What is Common Core?

Common Core is short for The Common Core State Standards Initiative which is an effort by US educational sector that ensures some kind of standardization of learning for K-12 students across each state.  This initiative basically aims to attain standardization in the various subjects that are taught from kindergarten up to the 12 years of [...]

What is Elf on the Shelf?

Elf on The Shelf is a picture book released in the US back in 2005.   The story was written by the mother and daughter tandem of Carol Bell and Chanda Bell.  The main plot of the book revolves around a Christmas elf that reports to Santa Claus regarding the behavior of kids during day time. [...]

What are Ethnic studies?

Ethnic studies refer to studies of so-called racialized people in a particular country or region. It involves an interdisciplinary approach in terms of studying the history and culture of various colored people or various races in a particular region. In the case of the US, Ethnic studies involve courses that relate to the actual stories [...]

What is JrNYLC?

JrNYLC stands for Junior National Youth Leaders Conference and it refers to a leadership program developed by Envision for middle school students across the US with high scholastic standing and with great leadership potential. The conference runs for six days and it is held at Washington DC in the US. Schools across the US typically [...]

What are ESY services?

ESY or Extended School Year services are services offered to students who are disabled or differently-abled. As provided under IDEA or the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the rights of disabled students in terms of academic maintenance are protected. The main goal of ESY services is to help disabled students maintain a certain skill rather [...]

What is MLA format?

MLA format refers to the writing style guide or format designed by the Modern Language Association of America. The MLA format is adopted by various organizations in the US, Canada, and many other countries particularly in the fields of research, literature, culture, and theology among others. The same writing style and format is also adopted [...]

What is qualitative research?

Qualitative research is a type of research that basically tries to determine the inner parts of human behavior and attitude. Through qualitative research, people will be able to answer why and how questions regarding the activities of human beings. While other types of research aims to answer what or where type of questions, qualitative research [...]

What is MTSU known for?

MTSU stands for Middle Tennessee State University, a public university founded back in 1911. This school is based in Murfreesboro, Tennessee and for more than a century now, MTSU is among many schools that have become famous for some of its college programs. When people talk about courses and degrees offered by MTSU, many people [...]

What is Martial Law?

Martial law refers to a situation wherein governments or leaders of a country are forced to take over a certain territory or an entire nation by means of military power or rule. The imposition or implementation of martial law is typically done during an emergency situation which could be temporary or may even be long-term. [...]

What is Quanza?

Quanza refers to a celebration among black people in the US in other parts of the Americas.  More popularly known as Kwanzaa, “Quanza” was first celebrated back in 1966 as a way of honoring the African roots of all black people across the US and in other countries.  The celebration is held around Christmas time [...]

What is absolute value?

Absolute value refers to the actual value or magnitude of a particular number regardless of its sign.  A number’s absolute value will always be a positive number as it represents the actual value of a given number.  A number that is given a negative sign for example will have a positive absolute value.  In the [...]

What is absolute zero?

Absolute zero refers to a state wherein the molecules of a given object are at an absolute standstill and do not create energy that will become heat.  When measured with a temperature scale, the state of absolute zero will register 0 degrees Kelvin. This particular state of matter is considered theoretical because it actually does [...]

What is attachment parenting?

Attachment parenting is type of parenting philosophy or mentality developed by known pediatrician Dr. William Sears.  The basic concept of this parenting philosophy is that children who grow up being more “physically attached” to their parents or caregivers will create an emotional bond with them which is said to be helpful in terms of their [...]

What is a vector?

Vector in the field of mathematics refer to a quantity that contains both magnitude value and the corresponding direction.  As opposed to scalar quantities which only have magnitude, vectors contain details of an object’s magnitude and direction. When applied to everyday settings, vector quantities may be useful in giving people directions about a friend’s house [...]

What is IELTS?

IELTS is an acronym for the International English Language Testing System, a standardized English language test that assesses an individual’s reading, writing, and verbal skills. The IELTS is an English language exam that allows non-native speakers to demonstrate their proficiency in the language. Available in approximately 130 countries the world over, the IELTS is used [...]