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What is a Chloride Blood Test?

A Chloride Blood Test is an examination conducted as part of a more detailed metabolic test. In the human body, chloride serves as an electrolyte that is important in maintaining a proper balance between acid or base and fluid. The metabolic test also checks the amount of other electrolytes found in the body such as [...]

What is Coagulation?

Coagulation simply refers to the clotting of the blood, which is essential for stopping the bleeding when a person has suffered from a damage or injury to the blood vessels. Coagulation is a complex process that involves several steps. The initial step in coagulation is the constriction of the damaged blood vessel, such that the [...]

What is egfr?

Introduction: An abbreviation of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate, egfr is a number that is obtained through a blood test conducted for the measurement of creatinine in the human blood. The basic purpose of estimating the glomerular filtration rate is to get to know that how well your kidneys are functioning. In order to detect any [...]

What is ANA?

ANA is the acronym for Anti-Nuclear Antibodies. ANA refers to a test conducted to detect antinuclear antibodies in the blood. The immune system of a person generates antibodies that help fight infection. When antibodies identify foreign proteins that have infectious organisms within the system, they recruit cells and other proteins to fight the infection off. [...]

What is DNC?

DNC is the short form of Dilation and Curettage. DNC is mostly written as D&C and refers to a short surgical process involving dilation of the cervix and the uterine lining scraped using s special instrument. Having an idea of what the DNC process involves before undergoing it goes a long way in easing a [...]

What is BAC?

BAC is the abbreviation for Blood Alcohol Concentration. BAC generally refers to the measure of alcohol levels in a human body. Usually BAC is expressed in terms of alcohol grams in each 100 milliliters of blood. For instance, where the BAC is 0.05, it means that alcohol content in each 100 milliliters of blood is [...]

What is Pycnogenol?

Pycnogenol refers to the registered trademark name of a product in the US which is made from the pine bark of Pinus Pinaster. Additionally, pycnogenol can also be derived from witch hazel bark, grape seed, and peanut skin. This substance is used for the treatment of different medical conditions, such as problems with blood circulation, [...]

What is Public Health?

Public health refers to the science of improving and protecting families as well as the entire population by putting in place organized measures to prevent diseases and promoting healthy lifestyles for purposes of ensuring that life is prolonged. This is done through planning and conducting research with respect to diseases, injury prevention, detection and control [...]

What is Cryotherapy?

Introduction: The use of very cold temperature exposure for the body for brief periods of time in order to gain the benefits of therapeutic results such as healing is commonly termed as cryotherapy. Cryotherapy is quite a new technique originated only recently and have been in practice for a few years only. Cryotherapy is the [...]

What is Gestation Period?

The term gestation refers to the process through which a fetus or embryo develops in a female mammal. Generally, gestation applies to mammals as well as some specific non-mammals. During pregnancy, mammals can have only one gestation or even more than one gestation at a go. Gestation period refers to the time or duration over [...]

What is Music Therapy?

Music therapy refers to a medicinal process that uses music to address physical, enthusiastic, cognitive, social and otherworldly needs of people of all ages. Music helps enhance the personal satisfaction for persons who are well and helps youngsters and grown-ups with handicaps or ailments. Music Therapy can be intended to enhance a person’s health, aid [...]

What is EMDR?

EMDR stands for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing which is a relatively new kind of psychotherapy. EMDR is often used to treat patients who are suffering from post-traumatic stress disease or PTSD. PTSD happens when a person goes through harrowing experiences which may include physical assault, military combat, car accidents or rape, among others. EMDR [...]

What is IV?

IV is the short cut for the term intravenous which means “into the vein”. As such, an IV medication starts through the insertion of a needle into a vein. The medication goes through the needle and into the veins. IV is used for patients who need to receive the medication immediately as taking medications orally [...]

What is ESRD?

ESRD is an abbreviation for End Stage Renal Disease. This is a condition characterized by malfunctioning of kidneys that a patient cannot survive without a transplant or dialysis. This kind of kidney disease is impossible to change is often caused by diabetes and hypertension. The condition can be genetic though some drug reactions and injuries [...]

What is ECT?

ECT is an abbreviation for Electro-Convulsive Therapy. Electro-Convulsive Therapy is a form of treatment prescribed for persons suffering from conditions such as serious depression, psychotic diseases like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder . In some cases, modes of treatment like counseling and medication have no or little effect on psychosis or depression symptoms. ECT is prescribed [...]

What is Kidney Dialysis?

Dialysis refers to a form of medical treatment which imitates several functions of the kidneys. The main purpose of this procedure is to filter the blood, in order to eliminate the body wastes, as well as the excess salt and water. This procedure is commonly used for the treatment of chronic kidney disease, wherein the [...]

What is DBT?

DBT or Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a type of psychological therapy that aims to help people who have chronic personalities such as those with suicidal tendencies and those who become dependent in drugs. People with borderline personality disorder may also respond well to DBT or dialectical behavior therapy. Many of the patients that are prescribed [...]

What is Colic?

Colic is a medical word used to describe the frequent and excessive of an infant who is well fed and healthy. Though it is a common occurrence that affects at least one in every five infants, it is a condition that is understood poorly. In most cases, colic starts during the first weeks after birth [...]

What is Goiter?

Goiter refers to one or more kinds of growths that occur in the thyroid gland. Goiter manifests as an extraordinary enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located just below the Adam’s apple on front side of the neck. Goiter occurs when a thyroid gland generates a lot or little thyroid amounts of [...]

What is NLP?

NLP, which stands for Neuro-Linguistic Programming, refers to a type of psychotherapy that was based on the interrelationship between thought patterns, behavior, and language. This form of psychotherapy was developed by Richard Bandler and John Grinder in order to help people reach their goals and improve their lives. During the 1970s, NLP was advertised as [...]

What is HIB Vaccine?

HIB is the acronym for the Haemophilus Influenzae Type B vaccine. The HIB vaccine is used to inhibit severe infections that resulting from the Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria. Such infections include meningitis, which is infection of spinal cord and brain covering, pneumonia, which is infection of lungs, epiglottitis, which is an acute infection of [...]

What is Dumping Syndrome?

Dumping syndrome is a condition commonly experienced by patients who go through a gastric surgery. It manifests in a set of varied symptoms as a result of having sections of the stomach extracted or from other stomach surgeries. Regulating food movement is difficult after undergoing a gastric surgery. This leads to dumping of food in [...]

What Is Buprenorphine?

Buprenorphine refers to a prescription narcotic which is used for the treatment of heroin addiction. Although some people might think that it is illogical to treat an opiate addiction with the use of another opiate, this treatment method is actually effective in lessening the symptoms of physical and psychological dependence to heroin. In addition, this [...]

What is BMP?

BMP is an acronym for Basic Metabolic Panel. It is a kind of blood test done to inform a doctor on the functionality of one’s body. This test is normally done as a routine medical examination or for patients admitted on an emergency basis. BMP is done by testing blood samples to determine the level [...]

What is detox?

Detox is the short name of detoxification which is the process of getting rid of unwanted toxins in the body. Detox is a main function of a human’s body as it continuously works to transform and neutralize the materials in the body and get rid of unwanted materials along the way. Detox works by limiting [...]

What is IUD?

Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a T- shaped device that contains hormones and used as birth control method. It is inserted in the uterus and it has a plastic string tied on its end that hangs down through the cervix into the vagina. The string is used to check if the IUD is still in place [...]

what is cyclothymia?

Cyclothymia (pronounced as si-klo-THIGH-me-uh) or cyclothymic disorder is a mood disorder which can be comparable to bipolar disorder. It causes emotional ups and downs between short periods, and the shifting of mood from high and low never reaches the severity of a full manic episode or major depression. People who have cyclothymic disorder have moods [...]

What is Giardia?

Giardia is a parasite that infect intestines and causes ‘giardiasis’ which can lead to acute or chronic diarrhea. This parasite lives inside the intestines of people and animals. Before they are transferred to feces, they are encased within hard shells called cysts, which help them to survive outside the intestines for months. After the parasite [...]

What is Leukocytosis?

Leukocytosis is a condition where a person’s white blood cells count is higher than normal. White blood cells are a part of our immune system that fights and protects our body from diseases and infections. White blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a spongy soft tissue inside the bones, where some are released [...]

What is Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic Pregnancy is a condition where a fertilized egg attached itself somewhere else instead of the uterus. It can happen at the fallopian tubes, abdomen, ovary or cervix. This kind of pregnancy cannot continue normally for only the uterus is capable of holding a developing fetus. Ectopic pregnancy usually occurs in the fallopian tubes which [...]

What is DO?

DO refers to a doctor of osteopathic medicine who has a license to practice in the field of medicine, prescribe medicines, and conduct surgeries. This type of physician has undergone extensive training and formal education in an osteopathic medical school. Just like a doctor of medicine (M.D.), a D.O. has completed 4 years of education [...]

What is IVIG?

IVIG or intravenous immunoglobulin refers to blood plasma that is administered intravenously for people who have weakened immune systems. The plasma component comes from donors who are healthy and this is administered to patients intravenously. The important component of plasma is called immunoglobulin-G which aids the body produce more antibodies that help fight against infection. [...]

What is chemotherapy?

refers to a type of treatment strategy that involves the use of various drugs or chemicals in the battle against cancer.  The basic goal of treatment is to stop the cancer cells from further growth and/or development.  In the medical field, chemotherapy is considered a very aggressive form of treatment procedure because of the chemicals [...]

What is bypass surgery?

Bypass surgery refers to a major surgical procedure that is typically prescribed for medical conditions that no longer respond well to other forms of treatment like medication and other non-invasive procedures.  This procedure basically involves creating an alternative route or vessel to help repair a blocked blood vessel or intestine for example. Bypass surgeries are [...]

What is Aqualipo?

Aqualipo is the latest technology in the field of plastic surgery that involves liposuction through a water-based fat removal system.  Traditional liposuction techniques are invasive in nature and require longer hours with patients under general anesthesia.  In Aqualipo meanwhile, the procedure is said to be very gentle enough and can even be done in under [...]

What is CMV IgG?

CMV IgG is a type of blood test to test the presence of IgG antibodies which are active in the event of a CMV or cytomegalovirus infection.  IgG antibodies are protein substances that are produced by the body to fight the infection caused by the cytomegalovirus.  When the blood test reveals the presence of CMV [...]

What is a CMV blood test?

CMV blood test refers to a blood test to check if a person is infected with the cytomegalovirus.  This type of virus is commonly spread among people of all ages but may not present any serious symptoms at all.  Most people will also get infected with this virus and not really know about it.  For [...]

What is Norco?

Norco is a drug that is typically prescribed for moderate to severe pain. Its main active ingredients are hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Both substances work together to provide analgesia to patients. Hydrocodone is classified as a narcotic drug and is part of the opioid family of drugs and this simply means that it is a very [...]

What is DMT?

DMT stands for Dimethyltryptamine and it is a substance that is known to be a very potent psychedelic drug. Being psychedelic, DMT is famous for providing a very intense level of hallucinations. Classified as very potent psychoactive substance, ingesting DMT is said to overpower one’s brain or thinking in terms of cognition and perception. People [...]

What is DMF in pharma?

In the field of pharmacology, DMF refers to the “drug master file”. This file or document is submitted to a drug regulating authority as part of a requirement for a new drug for example or as proof of collaboration between two or more pharmaceutical agencies or organizations. In general, companies that manufacture drugs are not [...]

What are Inza tablets used for?

Inza tablets refer to a brand of tablets that contain Ibuprofen as its active ingredient.  Inza tablets typically come in 200 and 400mg preparations and are prescribed to stop the inflammatory changes involved in common arthritis-related conditions.  Some doctors also prescribe Inza tablets for patients that experience pain in various parts of the body.  Inza [...]

What is jojoba oil?

Jojoba oil is the oil that can be extracted from the seed of the jojoba plant or shrub.  This plant can be found in the south-western parts of the US and northern parts of Mexico.  When extracted from the seed, jojoba oil appears clear and golden yellow in color.  This particular oil is sought after [...]

What is EFT therapy?

In the field of psychotherapy, EFT stands for Emotionally Focused Therapy. This type of therapy is designed but for various individuals, families, and couples who have ongoing issues and concerns with their inter-connected lives. As its name suggests, the psychotherapy sessions revolve around the subject of emotions. The same emotions that led to internal concerns [...]

What is kyphoplasty surgery?

Kyphoplasty surgery is a medical procedure that is prescribed for patients with fractures in their spine or vertebral column.  In patients with compression injuries involving part of the spine for example, kyphoplasty may be done to help relieve the pain and restore the original structure of the vertebral column.  Through kyphoplasty surgery, pressure is removed [...]

What is bevacizumab?

Bevacizumab is an anti-cancer drug that works to combat the growth of blood vessels that is a common occurrence when a person has cancer.  Pharmacologically, bevacizumab functions like an antibody that resists the process of angiogenesis or the growth of blood vessels.  It is very typical for cancer cells to develop blood vessels in order [...]

What is Ixempra drug?

Ixempra is a brand of drug that contains the active ingredient ixabepilone. This particular drug is typically administered intravenously for patients undergoing breast cancer treatment or therapy. The basic action of Ixempra is to cause a slowdown in the cancer cell development in the breast. The ultimate goal of Ixempra-based treatment is to literally stop [...]

What is FHO surgery in dogs?

FHO surgery in dogs is a surgical procedure that involves removing the head and neck parts of the femur, the large bone in the dog’s hip joints. FHO stands for femoral head osteotomy and it is one of many surgical procedures that may be prescribed for dogs with various problems in their hips including hip [...]

What is keratin hair treatment?

Keratin-based products and treatments are said to be good for the hair.  Keratin is a natural protein that helps protect the hair from damage from various environmental factors such as too much sun exposure, overuse of hair products, and blow drying among others.  Keratin serves to provide the hair with a natural coating or shield [...]

What is Cozaar used for?

Cozaar is a brand of prescription drug that contains the active ingredient losartan potassium. It is primarily used and prescribed for patients with hypertension. The main action of Cozaar is to lower one’s blood pressure and this is done through vasoconstriction. With this main effect, blood pressure is significantly lowered and ultimately helping patients achieve [...]

What is EECP treatment?

EECP treatment refers to a type of treatment using Enhanced External Counter-Pulsation. This treatment is essentially prescribed for patients with heart problems like angina or cardiomyopathy among many other diseases. In these heart conditions, the heart is unable to receive enough blood and pump out enough of it with every heartbeat. Depending on the actual [...]

What is LSH hysterectomy?

LSH stands for laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy, a type of procedure that involves removal of the uterus and preservation of the cervix. This procedure is preferred and/or prescribed by some OB-gynecologsists for their women patients as opposed to the more radical approach of removing the cervix along with the entirety of the uterus for medical reasons. [...]

What is hyoscyamine used for?

What is hyoscyamine used for? Hyoscyamine is a substance that can be sourced from various plants including mandrake, jimsonweed, and deadly nightshade among others. These plants are members of the Solanaceae plant family and they are considered the main source of this substance. In terms of its use, hyoscyamine is widely used in the medical [...]

What Is Azithromycin Used For?

Azithromycin is one of the most widely used antibiotics in the world. The medicine is derived from erythromycin, and like all antibiotics Azithromycin is used for curing infections, which are mainly caused by bacteria. There are a number of ailments which are cured by this antibiotic. Ear infections, especially middle ear infection, throat infection, bronchitis, [...]

What is HSG testing?

HSG testing refers to an x-ray test to check on the woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes.  HSG is short for hysterosalpingogram with “hystero” referring to the uterus, “salpingo” for the fallopian tubes, and “gram” for the x-ray test.  HSG testing is normally done for women who may have had difficulty getting pregnant.  Since the test [...]

What is Loperamide used for?

Loperamide is a type of opiod drug that is used for the treatment of diarrhea.  The basic action of Loperamide is to make the stool less watery and slow the movement of the gut.  With these effects, patients with any type of diarrhea may get symptom relief. Loperamide works directly on the digestive system and [...]

What is Lyderm?

What is Lyderm? Lyderm is a brand of topical medication that is intended for the treatment of various skin ailments including some forms of dermatitis and eczema.  Its active ingredient is fluocinonide, and it acts as an anti-inflammatory agent.  Lyderm is typically prescribed when there is itching, redness, or any other skin discomfort.  Some skin [...]

What is DMPA?

What is DMPA? “DMPA” is short for depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, and it refers to a contraceptive that can be used by means of injection.  The basic action of this particular substance is to block the ovulation process.  DMPA is the active substance in various contraceptive drugs including brands like Depo-Provera and Depo-Ralovera. DMPA is considered [...]

What is Geodon?

What is Geodon? Geodon is a brand of prescription drug that is used for people who are considered as atypical psychotics.  Its generic name is Ziprasidone and got its U.S. FDA approval for the treatment of various conditions including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and some types of mania.  Some doctors also prescribe Geodon for anxiety attacks, [...]

What is Neomycin-sorbitol?

What is Neomycin-sorbitol? Neomycin-sorbitol is a drug combination used in clinical trials and treatment programs for patients who have portal-systemic encephalopathy.  This is a neuropsychiatric disorder that mainly affects the liver.  It is also called hepatic encephalopathy Type C, and typically presents with liver cirrhosis and hypertension or venous shunting in the liver portals.  Symptoms [...]

What is dihydrocodeine?

What is dihydrocodeine? Dihydrocodeine is an analgesic drug from the opioid family.  Opioid drugs have psychogenic effects along with its analgesic effect.  Common use for this drug is for the relief of pain but this particular substance may also be combined with other drugs to help in patients with breathing difficulties and those with coughs. [...]

What is Keratin Treatment?

What is Keratin Treatment? Keratin Treatment is a form of treatment done for the hair. This treatment uses “keratin” to cure hair-related problems. Keratin is a natural protein that is present in the skin, teeth, nails, and on the hair itself. When extra keratin is applied on hair, it will make it softer and more [...]

What is GTN?

What is GTN? GTN or gliceryl trinitrate is a type of medicine belonging to the nitrate group of drugs. It is also called “nitroglycerin” and is typically used for the treatment of patients with angina (chest pain) or heart failure. Other indications for this drug include acute myocardial infarction, anal fissures, severe high blood pressure, [...]

What is IPL Treatment?

What is IPL Treatment? IPL or Intense Pulsed Light treatment is a technique for removing unwanted hair in the body. The technique involves the use of light at high intensities but at very short periods of time. IPL treatments typically involve flash lamps with electric capacitors that provide the energy from light. It is an [...]

What is CVR?

What is CVR? CVR or Creative Visualization and Relaxation is a technique that involves some form of mental coaching to attain certain goals. Through the use of positive thoughts and pleasant pictures in the mind, a person is said to be able to control emotions and be more focused on some aspects of his/her life. [...]

What are MCV Tests?

What are MCV Tests? MCV or “mean corpuscular volume” tests are blood tests that measure the average volume of red blood cells in the blood. MCV tests are part of the standard blood test called CBC or complete blood count. The result of a MCV test may be calculated by dividing the hematocrit count by [...]

What is PFT?

What is PFT? PFT stands for Pulmonary Function Test or Testing and this refers to a variety of tests to check lung function. Those with problems in breathing like people with respiratory and/or cardiovascular illnesses are typically prescribed to undergo lung testing or PFT to test the lung’s overall capacity in terms of breathing. Pulmonary [...]

What is Electrolysis?

What is Electrolysis? Electrolysis is a process involved in removing hair through needles inserted into the hair follicle. It may be applied on different parts of the body. But depending on hair type and growth patterns, several treatment sessions may be necessary for permanent or semi-permanent hair removal. The process of electrolysis used in permanent [...]

What is HGB test?

What is HGB test? HGB test or Hemoglobin test is a test to determine the levels of hemoglobin circulating in the blood. Hemoglobin is contained in the red blood cells and is important in the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the various tissues of the body. It also helps in maintaining the proper [...]

What is Anesthesia?

What is Anesthesia? Anesthesia refers to some medication administered to the body to allow for painless medical procedures. An example of its use is during surgery, wherein patients will not feel any pain during the entire procedure. Anesthesia works by numbing the body of any sensation and temporarily paralyzes muscles to inhibit movement. Oftentimes, patients [...]

What is Bosley Hair Restoration?

What is Bosley Hair Restoration? Hair loss is a growing problem for most men and women around the world. Baldness can be experienced even at a younger age by both men and women. Some people experience hair loss due to genetics. Generally, there are more men who suffer from baldness than women. There have been [...]