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What is Gestation Period?

The term gestation refers to the process through which a fetus or embryo develops in a female mammal. Generally, gestation applies to mammals as well as some specific non-mammals. During pregnancy, mammals can have only one gestation or even more than one gestation at a go. Gestation period refers to the time or duration over [...]

What is FAS?

FAS are the abbreviation for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. FAS comprise various disorder s that babies born by women who consume alcohol while pregnant suffer from. These disorders can be anything from mild to fatal and may be physical, behavioral, learning or a combination of all these. Persons who suffer from FAS may experience challenges associated [...]

What is CPK?

CPK is an acronym for the phrase Creatine Phospokinase, which is a blood test. It refers to an enzyme present specifically in the muscles, including those in the muscles. A muscle damage or injury can result in an increase to levels of CPK in the blood. For instance, one is likely to have a high [...]

What is CDH?

CDH is the acronym for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. The word congenital implies ‘born with’, diaphragmatic implies ‘affecting diaphragm’ and hernia means ‘protrusion’ or ‘bulge’. The CDH condition occurs in an estimated 1 out of every 2500 births accounting of about 8 percent of all main congenital conditions. Solid evidence of CDH occurring mostly in one [...]

What is Goiter?

Goiter refers to one or more kinds of growths that occur in the thyroid gland. Goiter manifests as an extraordinary enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located just below the Adam’s apple on front side of the neck. Goiter occurs when a thyroid gland generates a lot or little thyroid amounts of [...]

What is hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is a medical condition where water is found on the brain, and as such, this medical condition is also referred to as water on the brain. Hydrocephalus occurs due to the buildup of CSF or cerebrospinal fluid on the brain’s cavities. In most cases, an obstruction blocks in the brain’s cavities which stop the [...]

What is WBTB?

WBTB stands for Wake Back To Bed and it refers to a kind of technique to help people achieve lucid dreams.  Dreams are referred to as lucid when they are so clear and vivid and when the dreamer is aware of it.  For some experts, lucid dreams can be induced through different techniques and one [...]

What is dandruff?

Dandruff refers to the dead skin cells from the scalp area. When the scalp is healthy and normal, the dead skin cells are regularly shed off about once a month or so.  These cells are often too little to be detected after combing the hair or after shampooing. When there are health issues involving the [...]

What is mucus plug in pregnancy?

Mucus plug refers to the thick mucus secretion in the woman’s cervix during pregnancy. As the woman becomes pregnant, there will be an increased mucus production in the cervix to serve as some kind of protective layer against possible invasion of bacteria to the uterus.  In medical terms, this mucosal plug or lining is referred [...]

What is aspiration?

In the medical field, aspiration refers to a procedure wherein fluid or some kind of substance is suctioned into or out of a particular part of the body. Most common aspiration procedures involve removing some contents from a part of the body. The removal process is typically made through a suction-like technique. For these procedures, [...]

What is diploid?

“Diploid” refers to cells that contain two sets of chromosomes.  Each set of these chromosomes are exactly the same with the other cell.  The prefix “di” in “diploid” means “two,” and this refers to the two sets of chromosomes.  As for human beings and animals, most cells in the body are classified as diploid cells. [...]

What are H. pylori symptoms?

“H. pylori” is short for Helicobacter pylori, a type of bacterium that is present in the stomach.  This bacterium is also classified as a gram-negative and micro-aerophilic type which may or may not cause symptoms to people infected with it.  In fact, most people that have h. pylori found in their stomachs do not actually [...]

What is ehrlichia?

Ehrlichia is a type of bacteria that belongs to the genus rickettsiales.  This particular bacterium is named after Paul Ehrlich, the German microbiologist who discovered it.  Ehrlichia is said to infect mostly animals, especially mammals, and so may also spread to humans.  This type of bacteria is said to attack the white blood cells of [...]

What is dizziness and giddiness?

Dizziness and giddiness are two similar terms that refer to a feeling of light-headedness.  When a person is said to be dizzy or giddy, he/she feels the sensation of fainting or falling to the ground.  Having a sensation like this can be a normal occurrence depending on the situation a person is in, or it [...]

What is an Erupted Tooth?

What is an Erupted Tooth? An erupted tooth refers to a tooth that emerges and shows itself from the gums and other surrounding tissue. It is the final stage of odontogenesis or tooth development and occurs at specific times for specific tooth types. It is widely believed that the periodontal fibers or ligaments play a [...]

What is Iatrogenic Malnutrition?

What is Iatrogenic Malnutrition? Malnutrition basically means poor nutrition. It may be an excess of important nutrients in the body or it may also refer to the lack thereof. Usual causes of malnutrition involve poor eating habits with either too much or too little intake of the essential nutrients the body needs. Many people from [...]

What is Nodular Acne?

What is Nodular Acne? Nodular acne is a type of severe acne called acne vulgaris. It is characterized by nodules that form under the skin and require a good dose of derma-treatment. This type of acne presents itself as hard bump under the skin, sometimes containing pus, and is usually very painful. This bumps or [...]

What is Ovulation Pain?

What is Ovulation Pain? Ovulation pain refers to the pain felt by women when they are said to be “ovulating”. Ovulation is the time when the “egg” is released from the woman’s ovaries. For most women, this phase of their regular menstrual cycle usually happens once a month. The duration of pain during ovulation usually [...]

What is Pleural Effusion?

What is Pleural Effusion? Pleural effusion is a condition wherein there is too much fluid that accumulates in the lining between the lungs and the chest cavity called the pleura. When this happens, lung expansion during breathing will be impeded. Excess fluid accumulation in the lung pleura may be in the form of blood, pus, [...]

What is Nausea in Pregnancy?

What is Nausea in Pregnancy? Nausea is a symptom commonly associated with pregnancy. Many pregnant women experience some discomfort in the upper part of the stomach and feel an urge to vomit. Usually nausea or vomiting symptoms are felt early on in the pregnancy, like in the first trimester. But there are also women who [...]

What is HIV-positive?

What is HIV-positive? HIV-positive means a person has the Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus, a sexually transmitted virus and is a precursor for AIDS or Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome. Having HIV means an impaired function of the body’s immune system leading to various symptoms and complications. Normally, our bodies create white blood cells and several antibodies to ward [...]

What Is OCD?

What Is OCD? OCD or Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder wherein one experiences recurrent or unwanted thought called obsessions, and repetitive actions called compulsions.  The so-called obsessions typically create a sense of threat to those suffering from this disorder which leads them to react like they’re avoiding something.  The perceived threat may in the [...]

What is Low Blood Pressure?

What is Low Blood Pressure? Low blood pressure is a physiological condition wherein the force of blood flowing within the arteries is low. Also called hypotension, low blood pressure is the direct opposite of hypertension, or high blood pressure. Low blood pressure can be detected by a simple blood pressure reading. In a blood pressure [...]

What is Obesity?

What is Obesity? Obesity is the accumulation of too much fat in the body, which can increase health risks. Obesity is determined through the calculation of the body mass index or BMI. When a person’s weight is divided by the square of his height (in kilograms and meter respectively), we get the body mass index. [...]