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What is Levaquin?

Levaquin refers to a drug used for treating bacterial infections on the skin, kidneys, prostate, bladder or sinuses. Levaquin also treats bacterial infections that lead to pneumonia and bronchitis and is also used for treating exposure to plaque and anthrax. Before using Levaquin, it is important to let the doctor know whether a patient has [...]

What is Anhedonia?

Anhedonia is a term used in the field of medicine, which refers to a person’s inability to experience pleasure. Those who have anhedonia were unable to feel joy even from activities that are normally regarded as pleasurable. Furthermore, those who suffer from this condition are unable to force themselves to enjoy any activity that will [...]

What is Lipitor?

Lipitor is a generic term for atorvastatin. Atorvastatin is a member of a group of drugs known as HMG CoA reductase statins or inhibitors. These drugs bring down levels of LDL or bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the bloodstream and at the time, they increase amounts of HDL or good cholesterol. Lipitor is mostly used [...]

What is Atenolol?

Atenolol refers to a type of drug classified under beta-blockers, which is a group of drugs that produces effects in the heart and circulation of the blood. Atenolol is primarily used for the treatment of angina or chest pains, as well as high blood pressure or hypertension. Furthermore, it is also utilized for the prevention [...]

What is Diclofenac?

Diclofenac is a drug that can help relieve various aches and pains in the body. This drug is a member of the NSAID group or the so-called “non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs”. As this name suggests, diclofenac functions to target the inflammation that is causing the pain in various cases such as rheumatoid and osteoarthritis among many [...]

What is Lorazepam Used For?

Lorazepam refers to a kind of medication, which is also popular as benzodiazepine. The effects of this type of drug are on the central nervous system. Generally, it can boost the benefits of GABA, which is a neurotransmitter that is responsible for calming the muscles and nerves of the body. Although the medication can lead [...]

What is Lyrica?

Lyrica is a medicine which goes by the name of pregabalin that is manufactured by pharmaceutical company Pfizer. Pregabalin is used as an anti-seizure or anticonvulsants for the treatment of neuropathic pain. It is also used to treat patients who are suffering from partial seizure that are common in those who have temporal lobe epilepsy. [...]

What is folic acid?

Folic acid is a B vitamin that is soluble in water and comes from natural food. Folic acid is the synthesized vitamin of folate. The usage of folic acid has developed in recent years. In fact, folic acid is added to different food like flour, bakery items, crackers, cookies and cereals. The addition of folic [...]

What is endocrinology?

Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that studies and deals with the illnesses pertaining to hormones. Many argue that endocrinology is one of the sub-specialties under internal medicine. The scope of endocrinology also covers other human functions like respiration, sensory perception, coordination of metabolism and movement, among others. Those who deal with endocrinology have to [...]

What is ibuprofen used for?

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drug that is used to suppress pain and reduce fever. It is a common medicine used to treat a lot of body pains such as headache, backache, arthritis, menstrual cramps, and toothache. It is also considered as an analgesic and comes in a variety of form. It may be [...]

What is Tylenol 3?

Tylenol 3 refers to a drug that is commonly prescribed by doctors to relieve pain. Tylenol 3 is prescribed to cure short-term discomfort as well as long-term conditions. Just as its name suggests, Tylenol 3 is a higher version of the more general Tylenol medicine that is easily accessible over the counter. Tylenol 3 contains [...]

What is MMR vaccine?

MMR vaccine is the vaccine for measles, mumps and rubella. These three diseases are serious and can be life threatening. The MMR vaccine has live viruses of the three illnesses, but they are weak viruses only. The MMR vaccine shot will cause a harmless infection and there are usually no symptoms for the recipient of [...]

What is atropine?

Atropine is a drug used for general anesthesia as a form of premedication or even during surgeries allowing the heart beat to go faster. Atropine works by preventing Acetylcholine from working. Acetylcholine is a chemical found in the body that can affect the contraction of muscles. Atropine can also reverse the effects of poisons or [...]

What is Lactase?

Lactase refers to an enzyme whose main role is to break down the sugar found in milk called lactose. In humans, this enzyme is produced by the cells that line the small intestines. Most people are born with the ability to produce lactase because the body needs it to be able to digest milk. However, [...]

What is Hibiscus?

Hibiscus refers to a type of bushy annual plant which is used for a variety of purposes. In Egypt, parts of the flowers of hibiscus are used to make a kind of drink called Karkade. Aside from that, different parts of the plant can be made into spices, sauces, jams, and soups. The flowers of [...]

What is Gardasil?

Gardasil is a brand of drug that is used to prevent specific strains of HPV or human papillomavirus. This virus is known to cause genital warts in both men and women. HPV is also the same virus that can cause cervical cancer in women. Through vaccination with Gardasil, some strains of HPV can be prevented. [...]

What is ASA?

ASA is a drug caution code referring to aspirin. ASA literally stands for acetylsalicylic acid and when it is included in drug labels, it is intended as a warning for people who may have specific sensitivities to this substance. Aspirin is a known over-the-counter drug for the treatment of pain and headaches but some other [...]

What it alpha-lipoic acid?

Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that is a vitamin-like chemical produced inside a laboratory. Sources of alpha-lipoic acid include spinach, broccoli, kidney and liver, among others. Patients with diabetes and those suffering from burning pain and numbness in the arms and legs are also treated with alpha-lipoic acid. Some individuals take alpha-lipoic acid to combat [...]

What Is Buprenorphine?

Buprenorphine refers to a prescription narcotic which is used for the treatment of heroin addiction. Although some people might think that it is illogical to treat an opiate addiction with the use of another opiate, this treatment method is actually effective in lessening the symptoms of physical and psychological dependence to heroin. In addition, this [...]

What is HCA extract?

HCA extract is the extract used to produce gacinia cambogia, a supplement which helps in promoting weight loss. HCA stands for hydroxy citric acid. HCA extract helps a person to lose weight by increasing the serotonin levels which in turns suppresses the appetite. Low levels of serotonin can cause feeling of depression and anxiety that [...]

What is Dicyclomine?

Dicyclomine is a drug that treats a specific type of intestinal ailment commonly referred to as irritable bowel syndrome. It reduces signs of cramping in intestines and stomach by reducing natural flow of gut. It also helps relax stomach and intestinal muscles. Dicyclomine part of drugs grouped in the anticholinergic class. It should not be [...]

What is Demerol?

Demerol is a narcotic or opioid pain medication that can relieve patients from moderate to severe pain. Demerol can be injected or taken orally. The generic name for Demerol is Meperidine. More about Demerol Demerol should be used with care as it can slow or even stop breathing for patients who are suffering from severe [...]

What is Dicyclomine?

Dicyclomine is a medicine that belongs to a group of medicines called as anticholinergics. Dicyclomine is used to treat patients who are suffering from irritable bowel syndrome since anticholinergics stop the effect of acetylcholine or the chemical transmission from the nerves that causes contraction of muscles. Dicyclomine also relaxes the muscles and as such, it [...]

What is Focalin?

Focalin or dexmethylphenidate refers to a drug which acts as a mild stimulant for the central nervous system. This medication is primarily used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) because it can affect the amounts of certain chemicals in the brain that are responsible for impulse control and hyperactivity. Focalin can help control behavioral [...]

What is Elavil Used For?

Elavil is categorized under a group of drugs called tricyclic antidepressants. This drug is used primarily for the treatment of mood disorder s or mental conditions, such as depression. It can enhance the mood, provide relief from tension and anxiety, and improve well-being. Other positive effects of this medication include boosting of energy levels and [...]

What is Bergamot?

Bergamot refers to a type of plant which produces nutritious and aromatic citrus fruits that are yellow and have a similar size with that of an orange. This plant originated from South Asia and was exported to Italy, where it is commonly used for both commercial and medicinal purposes. Bergamot was found to have several [...]

What is Zantac?

Zantac is a drug used to treat various conditions such as gastric acidity and relieve indigestion. It has ranitidine hydrochloride and is distributed by GlaxoSmithKline. Zantac is part of medicines grouped in a class referred to as histamine-2 receptor. It works by decreasing the quantity of acid in the stomach. In some cases, Zantac is [...]

What is Giardia?

Giardia is a parasite that infect intestines and causes ‘giardiasis’ which can lead to acute or chronic diarrhea. This parasite lives inside the intestines of people and animals. Before they are transferred to feces, they are encased within hard shells called cysts, which help them to survive outside the intestines for months. After the parasite [...]

What is Leukocytosis?

Leukocytosis is a condition where a person’s white blood cells count is higher than normal. White blood cells are a part of our immune system that fights and protects our body from diseases and infections. White blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a spongy soft tissue inside the bones, where some are released [...]

What is Morphine?

Morphine is considered as the most abundant analgesic opiate that is derived from opium. It acts as a pain reliever for medical purposes and is also taken by drug users for recreation. It is highly addictive and can cause physical dependence and substance abuse. As mentioned, morphine is derived from opium or the seedpod extract [...]

What is EDTA?

EDTA stands for edetate disodium, which serves as a chelating agent. The purpose of a chelating agent is to eliminate heavy metals from the blood stream. Additionally, EDTA is used to reduce the blood calcium levels when it becomes too high and regulates disturbances in the rhythm of the heart, which may be caused by [...]

What is Aspirin?

Aspirin, also called acetylsalicylic acid, refers to a salicylate drug which is commonly used to relieve minor pains, lessen inflammation, and reduce fever. An estimated 40,000 metric tons of aspirin are consumed yearly, making it the most widely used medication all over the world. As mentioned, aspirin is only used to relieve minor pains. With [...]

What is DO?

DO refers to a doctor of osteopathic medicine who has a license to practice in the field of medicine, prescribe medicines, and conduct surgeries. This type of physician has undergone extensive training and formal education in an osteopathic medical school. Just like a doctor of medicine (M.D.), a D.O. has completed 4 years of education [...]

What is DXM?

DXM is the short term for dextromethorphan, a substance that can commonly be found in common cough syrups. The main action of DMX or dextromethorphan is to suppress the coughing in patients. Many over-the-counter cough medicines available in the market contain DMX as the main ingredient. There are also other medicines intended for the relief [...]

What is azathioprine?

Azathioprine refers to a drug that basically acts to suppress the activity of the body’s immune system.  Although the immune system is designed to activate whenever there are signs of infection or microorganism intrusion, there are certain instances and medical conditions that can be alleviated by suppressing it.  With this main action, Azathioprine is commonly [...]

What is Valium?

Valium is a brand of drug that contains the active ingredient diazepam.  It is typically prescribed for patients that have anxiety disorder s.  Valium is a prescription-only medicine and is considered highly potent because of its effect on the brain in terms of regulating chemicals.  As a drug, Valium’s active ingredient diazepam is part of [...]

What is Augmentin?

Augmentin is an anti-bacterial drug that contains two active ingredients namely amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium.  Amoxicillin is a known effective antibiotic and part of the penicillin group of drugs.  Clavulanate potassium meanwhile is effective against bacteria that show resistance to penicillin and other related drugs.  Augmentin is often prescribed for infections that have been caused [...]

What is aortic dissection?

Aortic dissection refers to the tearing or separation of the walls of the aorta secondary to a tear in the inner walls.  With this tear in the inner layers of the aorta, blood flow will be forcibly redirected to the middle layers causing them to separate or undergo dissection. The aorta is the biggest blood [...]

What is Bydureon?

Bydureon is a brand of injectable drug that is prescribed for patients with Type 2 diabetes.  Type 2 diabetes is considered the most common type of diabetes that is characterized by high sugar levels secondary to a metabolic disorder that results to low insulin.  Insulin is important in terms of blood sugar regulation but when [...]

What is Adderall?

Adderall is a brand of drug that is typically prescribed for people with ADHD or attention deficit hypersensitivity disorder .  Some doctors also prescribe Adderall for patients with narcolepsy or those with impaired sleeping and waking cycles secondary to neurological concerns.  As a drug, Adderall belongs to the phenethylamine class and contains various active ingredients [...]

What is melatonin?

Melatonin is the primary hormone that helps regulate normal sleep patterns.  It is secreted by the pineal gland which is found near the center of the brain.  At night time, more melatonin is secreted and produced by the pineal gland to help people get to sleep.  At day time, fewer melatonins are released to make [...]

What is Zyrtec?

Zyrtec is a type of anti-histamine drug with no sedative effects.  It contains the active ingredient Cetirizine which functions to block the action of histamine receptors in various cells of the body.  Whenever a person experiences an allergic reaction to food or other substances for example, histamine receptors in the body will be excited and [...]

What is Zyprexa?

Zyprexa is a brand of drug that contains the active ingredient olanzapine.  This drug is highly potent and classified as an atypical anti-psychotic drug which is frequently prescribed for people with psychosis or schizophrenia and manic-depressive disorder. The main action of Zyprexa is in the blocking of specific neurotransmitters in the brain to help people [...]

What is Zolpidem?

Zolpidem is a potent drug that is commonly prescribed for people who have insomnia or difficulty in sleeping.  Usual treatment with Zolpidem will last only for a few weeks as it is often prescribed only as a short-term management for sleeping problems.  In some cases, doctors may also prescribe Zolpidem for patients with mild brain [...]

What is LVH?

LVH or left ventricular hypertrophy is a condition wherein one of the heart’s chambers called the left ventricle is enlarged.  The enlargement is due to the thickening of the myocardium or heart muscles that compose this particular chamber.  The left ventricle is considered the main chamber for blood pumping as it is the part of [...]

What is sleep apnea?

Apnea is a term that literally means absence of breathing and when this is applied to sleep, it refers to a condition wherein the person will stop breathing for a couple of seconds or even minutes while dozing off.  When this happens, patients with sleep apnea may always get interrupted during their sleep.  Some people [...]

What is a CMV blood test?

CMV blood test refers to a blood test to check if a person is infected with the cytomegalovirus.  This type of virus is commonly spread among people of all ages but may not present any serious symptoms at all.  Most people will also get infected with this virus and not really know about it.  For [...]

What is LHRH test?

LHRH or Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone test is a type of laboratory test that can check the health of the pituitary gland. This gland is one of many important glands in the brain because it produces other hormones like gonadotropins which are essential for sexual development. When there is a problem with the pituitary gland, [...]

What is ObamaCare?

ObamaCare refers to the US’ Patient and Affordable Care Act signed into law by President Barrack Obama back in 2010. This law specifies the health care reforms under the Obama administration and was created to ensure that more Americans will have health insurance coverage to take care of their medical needs. Before ObamaCare was put [...]

What is CPT Assistant?

CPT stands for Current Procedural Terminology and it represents an official list of numbers and codes for all the services or procedures done by medical professionals like surgeries and other diagnostic or medical-related procedures. These codes are put in place, maintained, and copyrighted by the American Medical Association in order to standardize medical procedures in [...]

What is gadolinium contrast?

Gadolinium contrast refers to contrast mediums or agents that are used in MRI or magnetic resonance imaging. In the field of medicine, MRI’s are very important procedures as it scans the body of patients and produces three-dimensional images of internal organs and structures. Many patients are prescribed to undergo body scanning through MRI in order [...]

What is huff coughing?

Huff coughing is a coughing technique that is typically taught to patients who had just underwent an operation of surgery. For these patients, the huff coughing technique is taught in order to help them clear mucus from their respiratory passages in the most efficient way possible. Unlike regular coughing or hard coughing where more energy [...]

What is Jean Piaget’s theory?

Jean Piaget’s theory revolves around the development of human intelligence.  In the field of psychology, Jean Piaget’s theory is commonly referred to as the theory for cognitive development or developmental stage theory.  This is primarily because Piaget’s theory revolves around the idea that children’s cognitive development happens in distinct stages at different parts of their [...]

What is hemachromatosis?

Hemachromatosis refers to a medical condition wherein the body absorbs too much iron from food. Some experts refer to this condition as iron overload because of the unhealthy levels of iron that is accumulated by the body through various organs including the heart and liver for example. Iron is one of many essential minerals that [...]

What is mRNA processing?

Messenger RNA or mRNA refers to molecules that help transport genetic code and information from the master molecule called DNA.  Without the mRNA, various genetic details will not be able to reach the other parts of the cell where they are needed for various processes including sequencing of amino acids or protein build-up. The sequence [...]

What is EOM in nursing?

In the field of nursing, EOM may stand for extra-ocular muscles. These muscles are the ones that support the eye and allow it to move in different directions. EOM is actually a muscle group composed of 6 different muscles that perform specific tasks to allow eye movement. Four of these so-called EOM muscles are responsible [...]

What is myoglobin?

Myoglobin is a type of protein that is found in various muscle cells of humans and animals. They are rich in iron and this why they have a reddish color. Myoglobin is also composed of more than 150 amino acids that are water soluble and have a structure similar to that of another protein called [...]

What is IVF pregnancy?

What is IVF pregnancy? IVF pregnancy refers to a type of pregnancy that resulted from IVF or in vitro fertilization. The term “in vitro” literally means outside the body and the technology involves fertilization of the sperm and egg in a laboratory. The fertilized egg will then be inserted to the woman’s uterus after a [...]

What is cmH20?

What is cmH20? CM-H20 is short for centimeter of water and it refers to a unit of measurement for pressure. As a measuring tool, cmH20 is commonly used to determine the amount of pressure in various medical cases including those that involve the brain and the rest of the nervous system, and the lungs in [...]

What is IMS data?

IMS data refers to prescription-related data that is sourced from IMS Health.  Founded back in 1954, IMS Health is considered to be the source of the most comprehensive prescription-related data in all of the US.  More than 70% of prescriptions in the US are said to be part of the IMS databases and these include [...]

What is CMSP?

CMSP or County Medical Services Program refers to a health care services program provided by the participating counties in the state of California in the US for individuals and families that are classified as poor or indigent.  Formed back in 1983, the CMSP aims to deliver much-needed health care services for those who are in [...]

What is LVEF?

LVEF or Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction refers to the fraction or percentage of blood that is pumped out by the left ventricles in the heart.  In terms of heart function, the left ventricles are responsible for ejecting blood from the heart via the aortic valve for use or circulation by the various systems in the [...]

What is MCH test?

MCH test refers to a blood test to know the levels of Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of the blood that carries oxygen with it and it is important to have this monitored through the MCH test.  Hemoglobin or MCH is also an important indicator of the Iron content in the blood which [...]

What is MZT?

MZT is an acronym used for monozygotic twins.  From the term itself, MZT or monozygotic twins come from one zygote or fertilized egg. This is in contrast to the other type of twins called dizygotic twins which come from two different fertilized eggs.  For most people, when talking about the subject of twins, they would [...]

What is DCRA?

DCRA stands for Dependent Care Reimbursement Account and it is one of many so-called flexible spending accounts that can be availed by American employees.  Through the DCRA, automatic deductions may be allowed on every payroll to fund one’s DCRA. Whenever a dependent needs some medical care for example, the employee with DCRA may use the [...]

What is CNOR?

CNOR is a national certification for peri-operative nurses.  In order to get such certification, nurses must be able to pass the corresponding exam.  As a certification, CNOR basically compliments a nurses’ credentials in terms of his/her knowledge and skills in the peri-operative field.  CNOR certified nurses are often referred to as highest quality service-providers for [...]

What is EFA oil?

“EFA oil” refers to the oil that comes from “essential fatty acids.”  From the term “essential,” the oils from these fatty acids are considered vital and important for various functions in the body.  Essential fatty acids can be derived from various food items including some meats and vegetables.  The human body is unable to create [...]

What is HCT auto?

“HCT auto” refers to a blood test to determine the levels of hematocrit as analyzed by an automated machine.  Most people refer to this test simply as HCT rather than HCT auto since most people don’t exactly know how their blood samples are analyzed.  When the HCT or hematocrit result is indicated with an “auto” [...]

What is BCLS certified?

“BCLS certified” means that a person has completed training and passed the test in Basic Cardiac Life Support.  The certification program for BCLS, or simply BLS (Basic Life Support), is open to any person and does not require any degree or diploma. The only requirements are to undergo a training program and pass the test [...]

What is Lortab used for?

Lortab is a brand of prescription drugs that is typically used to treat mild to moderate types of pain.  This drug combines two main ingredients, namely Hydrocodone and Acetaminophen, which both act on the central and peripheral nervous systems.  Hydrocodone is classified as a narcotic analgesic which means that it is highly potent and is [...]