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What is Mycobacteria?

What is Mycobacteria? Mycobacteria are types of bacteria belonging to the Order Actinomycetales and Family Mycobacteriaceae. There are more than 70 species of this genus of bacteria, but the two most common and major pathogens are Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the one that causes T.B.) and Mycobacterium leprae (the one that causes leprosy). Most mycobacteria can be [...]

What is Ketoacidosis?

What is Ketoacidosis? Ketoacidosis is a medical condition characterized by lack of insulin in the blood resulting to very high sugar levels and high-acid or ketone content. It is sometimes referred to as uncontrolled diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. Patients with diabetes are the ones affected by this serious medical concern. Usually it starts with a [...]

What is Croup?

What is Croup? Croup is an illness involving the upper parts of the respiratory system. Usually affected are the trachea, larynx, and the bronchial tubes. Most of the symptoms presented by this illness are due to some inflammation in the larynx or voice box. Commonly, the larynx is swollen resulting to a “barking” type of [...]

What is TSS? Be Aware of Toxic Shock Syndrome

What is TSS? Be Aware of Toxic Shock Syndrome If you’re experiencing sudden high fever, a faint feeling, watery diarrhea, headaches and muscle aches. Then you better call the doctor right away because you might have been hit by… a Toxic Shock Syndrome. What is a Toxic Shock Syndrome? It is an illness cause by [...]

What is Cytomegalovirus?

What is Cytomegalovirus? The word Cytomegalovirus comes from the Greek word “cyto” which means cell while the Greek word “megalo” means large. Cytomegalovirus is known to be from the viral group Herpesviridae or herpesviruses. Typically abbreviated as CMV, this virus is mostly found in mammal species. However the type of CMV that is found in [...]

What is Aplasia?

What is Aplasia? Aplasia refers to the medical condition wherein a particular organ or tissue has a defective development or is absent at birth. Some conditions are so severe and fatal with defects and or absence of vital organs like the brain or heart. Other conditions involve the impaired development or function of some cellular [...]

What is Night Blindness?

What is Night Blindness? Night blindness or medically known as nyctalopia is a condition wherein a person has vision difficulties at night or where there is low light. Night blindness is more of a symptom of an underlying eye disease rather than a medical disorder in itself. This particular symptom may be present at birth [...]

What is Pneumonitis?

What is Pneumonitis? Pneumonitis is a general medical term which indicates the presence of inflammation in the lung tissues. This inflammation may be due to several factors including infection from a virus or as an allergic reaction. Certain drugs or materials such as silica or asbestos may irritate the tissues of the lungs and cause [...]

What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma?

What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma? Squamous cell carcinoma or SCC is a malignant type of cancer affecting the squamous cells of various organs and body parts including the skin, mouth, lips, esophagus, the lungs, vagina, and the urinary bladder among others. Though these body parts and organs may be affected by this same type of [...]

What is IPN (Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis)?

IPN (Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis) – What is It and Why Bother? IPN (Infectious pancreatic necrosis) is clinically referred to as a severely infectious type of disease affecting various species of Salmonid fish. These are also fish types which are under intensive rearing environments. Lots of fish species in different portions of the world are infected [...]

What is Atelectasis of the Lung?

What is Atelectasis of the Lung? Atelectasis refers to the collapse of lung tissues which may affect a part of a lung or the whole lung itself. Usually the alveoli part collapses resulting to impaired gas exchange. Fluid retention in the lungs may also lead to the collapse of some tissues leading to the condition [...]

What is a Cyst?

What is a Cyst? A cyst is an abnormal growth in body tissues. It is usually a covered structure wherein there may be depositions of fluid or any soft tissue. Cysts can grow in almost any part of the body and may also vary in sizes. Cysts also have their own membranes and may be [...]

What is FIP?

What is FIP? FIP stands for Feline Infectious Peritonitis. It is an infection affecting cats and is caused by the feline coronavirus. It is the most common infection among cats that lead to debilitating symptoms and death. FIP is said to affect both domestic and wild cats such as tigers, cougars, lions, and cheetahs. The [...]

What is Diverticulitis?

What is Diverticulitis? Diverticula are found in the colon that look like small pouches. When these diverticula get infected or inflamed, a condition known as diverticulitis occurs. In short, diverticulitis is known as the inflammation of the diverticula. This condition results in colon bleeding. An individual with diverticulitis may experience pain in the abdomen and [...]

What is Mononucleosis?

What is Mononucleosis? Mononucleosis is an infectious disorder characterized by enlarged lymph nodes, high temperature, body weakness or fatigue, and sore throat. It is usually caused by the EBV or Epstein-Barr virus and is sometimes called as “glandular fever”. Many also call it as just “mono” or “kissing disease” since the primary method of transmission [...]

What is Dementia?

What is Dementia? Dementia refers to a gradual decline in a person’s mental functions. This may involve memory loss, personality changes, language problems, and other cognitive concerns. It is not a disease in itself but more of a reflection of another underlying disease. Dementia is usually associated with aging as it is common among those [...]

What is Bulimia?

What is Bulimia? Bulimia is a type of eating disorder wherein a person engages in binge eating but later “purges” or vomits what was eaten. Bulimia is also called “Bulimia Nervosa” and persons with this order usually appear normal and suffer in private. Typically, bulimic persons undergo a cycle of eating and forced food elimination. [...]

What is COPD?

What is COPD? COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease refers to a person having difficulty breathing due to the constriction of the air passages to the lungs. This prevents the air from flowing in the lungs efficiently. Some elements set off atypical inflammatory lung response. This is the reason why COPD is being developed. Some [...]

What is Cholera?

What is Cholera? Cholera is a bacterial disease which affects the small intestines. It is caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae, which is usually found in contaminated water and food. Cholera is easily treated, but early diagnosis is the key to its treatment. If left untreated, it can cause severe diarrhea and dehydration which can [...]

What is Cancer?

Cancer can be defined as a disease where abnormal cells multiply and divide uncontrollably, causing the growth of lumps or tumors. These tumors normally grow and interfere with the normal functioning of the body systems and organs. Tumors will also sometimes be the source of hormones that are harmful to the body and reduce the [...]

What is XYY?

What is XYY? XYY refers to the genetic disorder in males called “XYY syndrome”. In normal males, they are born with one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. But in this genetic condition, male babies are born with an additional Y chromosome, hence the term “XYY syndrome” or medically known as “47 XYY karyotype”. The [...]

What is a Tumor?

What is a Tumor? A tumor refers to any abnormality in the growth of tissues which can occur in any part of the body. It is commonly referred to as a “neoplasm” since the abnormal growth involves neoplastic cells. Tumors may be classified into benign types and malignant or cancerous types. Tumors may form as [...]

What is Listeria?

What is Listeria? Listeria or Listeria monocytogenes, is actually a very dangerous bacteria as it is a cause of a very dreaded disease, called Listeriosis. In fact, it is not just dangerous due to the disease that it can cause, but it can be found just anywhere. It usually grows on soil. It can then [...]

What is TPX?

What is TPX? TPX is a term used to refer to Tension Pneumothorax in the medical and healthcare industry. This is a serious and oftentimes fatal type of ailment which occurs when the air is accrued under pressure causing the collapse of the lungs. The accumulated air is basically in the area of the body [...]

What is RSI Symptoms?

What is RSI Symptoms? RSI symptoms are manifested through pain which is the dominating general manifestation of this condition. RSI stands for Repetitive Strain Injury which is oftentimes detected and felt through the pain you experience and feel in different regions of your body. The joints and muscles are just two of the common areas [...]

What is CVA?

What is CVA? CVA or cerebro-vascular accident refers to a medical condition wherein the blood supply to the brain is interrupted or impeded resulting to loss and/or impaired function. It is commonly known as “stroke” and this condition requires immediate medical attention as this may cause serious illness, disability, and even instantaneous death. Strokes or [...]

What is Bird Flu?

What is Bird Flu? Bird flu literally means “flu in birds” or an influenza virus infection among birds. It is also called “avian flu” or “avian influenza” and the usual virus strains that cause this type of infection are of the Type A variety. Contraction of bird flu usually results from contact with dead and [...]

What is Angina?

What is Angina? Angina is short for “Angina Pectoris”, a medical condition that relates to pain and/or tightening in the chest. It is not a disease in itself but rather a known symptom of an underlying heart condition. When people feel a squeezing pain or discomfort in the chest, this is usually due to inadequate [...]

What Is HTN?

What Is HTN? HTN is another term for hypertension or high blood pressure as it is commonly known. This is a cardiac chronic medical condition by which the blood pressure is accelerated. There usually no other medical causes or ailments that provoke the existence of HTN. About 80% of the cases have no disease related [...]

What is ICD-494-CM coding?

What is ICD-494-CM coding? ICD-494-CM coding or code refers to the disease code for “Bronchiectasis” under the ICD or International Classification of Diseases system. “494″ represents the number of bronchiectasis in the system and “CM” stands for “clinical modification” which is part of the extension to the 9th revision of this disease classification system. The [...]

What is HBS?

What is HBS? HBS or Harry Benjamin Syndrome is a medical condition that involves an inter-sexual development during the early pregnancy stages. “Inter-sexual” is the term used because the neurological development is associated to one sex while the reproductive development is on the opposite sex. This simply means that “boys” have their brains developed as [...]

What is a Glioma?

What is a Glioma? Glioma is a tumor or abnormal growth involving the glial cells of the brain and/or spinal cord. Glial cells serve as protection and support to the neurons found in the brain. When there are abnormalities in these cells, they may form tumors called gliomas. These tumors usually occur in the brain [...]

What is Ick?

What is Ick? Ick is a disease involving aquarium fish that is secondary to parasites called “Ichthyophthirius”. This condition affects both freshwater and saltwater fishes. “Ick” is also known as “Ich” and presents as white dots on the fish’s skin or scales. Because of the white dots on the fish, some people refer to Ick [...]

What is Autism?

Autism is a developmental disorder which affects an individual’s ability to interact and communicate with other people. People with autism have a neurological disorder wherein information is not normally processed by the brain because of an anomaly on how cells and the neurons relay information. Because of this, autistic individuals will often have learning and [...]

What is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes? – A Few Facts about the Disease Diabetes is classified as a disorder in metabolism. Metabolism is how your body processes the food that you take for energy and growth. The main source of energy for the body is the glucose. Glucose is the product of metabolism and it is a type [...]

What is HIV?

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a virus that targets a person’s immune system. Individuals affected with HIV have a weakened immune system, making them susceptible to many illnesses and infections, which eventually leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. The HIV virus attacks white blood cells that are key to the body’s disease fighting [...]

What is Lupus?

What is Lupus? Lupus is a disease that affects the immune system wherein healthy cells cannot be distinguished by the immune system from unhealthy cells. Lupus cases chronic inflammation in many systems of the body including the blood, joints, kidneys and the skin. There are about 1.5 million reported cases of Lupus in the United [...]

What is Myopathy?

What is Myopathy? Myopathy is a medical condition affecting the various muscles of the body. In this condition, the muscle fibers do not function properly which may lead to weakness, stiffness, and/or easy fatigability. Some persons suffering from this medical disorder have extreme muscle weakness that they are unable to do basic day-to-day activities. Some [...]

What is EDS?

What is EDS? EDS stands for Ehlers-Danlos syndromes which is a group of disorders involving the connective tissues in the body. These disorders typically have similar features that include hypermobility in joints, increased skin laxity or hyperelasticity, tissue weakening, and bruising. EDS is said to be hereditary and the genes involved in these syndromes are [...]

What is Tunnel Vision?

What is Tunnel Vision? Tunnel vision refers to a medical illness or condition wherein a person’s vision is limited to a central and circular view only. The peripheral part of the view is lost entirely. This condition may be caused by a variety of factors. One such factor is hypovolemia. This refers to loss of [...]

What is TTP?

What is TTP? TTP stands for “Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura”. It is a rare blood disorder involving the formation of thromboses or blood clots in blood vessels, especially the small ones. This blood disorder is said to cause low platelet levels, which is called “thrombocytopenia”. TTP is due to a defect in the body’s blood coagulation [...]

What is Emphysema?

What is Emphysema? Emphysema is a lung disease wherein the alveoli’s function is impaired or destroyed. The alveoli are involved in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide inside the lungs, and if their function is impeded, the process of exhalation will be impaired and slowed. Emphysema is one of many pulmonary diseases called COPD [...]

What is Bronchitis?

What is Bronchitis? Bronchitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which are the air passages to the lungs. Inflammation may be due to trauma, irritation, or some form of infection. Usually it is the lining of the tubes that get inflamed. And when this happen, the amount of air in [...]

What is Hypertension?

What is Hypertension? Hypertension is also called “high blood pressure” and pertains to elevated pressure of blood as it goes through our arteries. The arteries are tasked to transport the blood from the heart to the rest of the body. If the pressure of this blood flow rises, then it means one has hypertension. Measurement [...]

What is IUGR?

The Danger Posed By IUGR As they always say, pregnancy is a very risky state. It is the time when both the mother and the fetus are unsafe. They need to go through 9 months surviving all other factors that could possibly hurt any or both of them. These factors includes outside forces such as [...]

What is AML?

What is AML? Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a form of cancer affecting white blood cells. It is a rare form of cancer found in over 200,000 people. Myeloid is a term that means “from the bone marrow.” This form of cancer causes the white blood cells formed in the bone marrow to be abnormal. [...]

What is Hay Fever?

What is Hay Fever? Hay fever is a condition characterized by symptoms similar to the common cold like nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing. It is also called allergic rhinitis because symptoms develop as a result of exposure to some allergens. The term “hay fever” is actually a misnomer for this medical condition since it [...]

What is Erythema?

What is Erythema? Erythema refers to redness of the skin. This redness may be a result of certain inflammatory conditions or may be an immunologic response. It is usually a manifestation of an underlying medical concern. Reddening of the skin results from the inflammation of the capillaries. And this inflammation may be due to physical [...]

What is Cystic Acne?

What is Cystic Acne? Cystic acne refers to the most severe type of acne. In this type, the acne is painful and filled with pus, and is called a “cyst”. This makes the acne more sensitive to touch and more prone to scarring. Cystic acne is also called as nodulocystic acne, referring to nodules or [...]

What is Hemophilia?

What is Hemophilia? Hemophilia is a genetic disorder involving an abnormality or deficiency in the blood’s clotting factor. Because of this lack in clotting factor, people with hemophilia are prone to excessive and internal bleeding. About 90% of cases are labeled as Type A hemophilia, which involves the lack of clotting factor VIII. About two-thirds [...]

What is Lymphedema?

What is Lymphedema? Lymphedema is a condition wherein one or more extremities are swollen due to problems in the lymphatic system. Commonly, only one extremity is affected, but both arms and/or legs may also be involved in some cases. There are two types of lymphedema: primary and secondary lymphedema. Primary lymphedema is a rare occurrence [...]

What is BXO?

What is BXO? In 1928, Stuhmer of Germany first explained the disease called Balinitis Xerotica Obliterans or BXO. BXO is also known as LSA or Lichen Sclerosus et Athropicus. The origin of the disease was not known. However, it is known to affect both male and female. The term LSA is used when the disease [...]

What is BSE?

What is BSE? Have you ever heard about the mad cow disease? Mad cow disease is a type of neurogenerative disease that triggers a cattle’s brain and spinal cord a spongy deterioration. Mad cow disease is also known as BSE or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. BSE is fatal and is characterized by a lengthy incubation period. [...]

What is Cystitis?

What is Cystitis? Cystitis refers to an inflammation of the urinary bladder. But cystitis may also be used as the term for any inflammation involving the urinary tract. It is said to be very common in women, but men can also have this condition. A person gets cystitis usually from a bacterial infection. Bacteria typically [...]

What is GCE?

What is GCE? GCE or Glycine Encephalopathy is a genetic condition wherein there is abnormal metabolism of glycine in the body. This disorder is also called “nonketotic hyperglycinemia” and involves increased accumulation of glycine in tissues of the body, such as the brain. Glycine is an amino acid and a neurotransmitter responsible for signal transmission [...]

What is Dropsy?

What is Dropsy? Dropsy is a condition wherein a person’s body or body part has swelling or excessive accumulation of fluid. In medical terms, it is called “edema”. Dropsy isn’t a disease in itself but may be a symptom of various illnesses or diseases. Swelling may be in different parts of the body depending on [...]

What is Cellulitis?

What is Cellulitis? Cellulitis is a bacterial infection to the skin. When a body part has cellulitis, it usually becomes red, painful, and swollen, which are typical signs of ongoing skin inflammation. Usual causes of cellulitis are the staphylococcus bacteria and streptococcus bacteria. Although these bacteria are commonly present in human skin, they can cause [...]

What is Guillain Barre Syndrome?

What is Guillain Barre Syndrome? Guillain Barre Syndrome or GBS is a rare and severe autoimmune disorder which primarily affects the peripheral nervous system of the body. In this disorder, some infectious antigen attacks and damages the nerves of the body, resulting in impaired function. The damage is usually on the myelin sheath covering the [...]

What is HBV?

What is HBV? HBV stands for Hepatitis B Virus. As the name implies, this particular virus causes Hepatitis B, which is a serious liver disease. Infection with HBV can have three different results. Acute infections refer to those who completely recover from the disease and have good immunity from being re-infected. Acute types of hepatitis [...]

What is Pneumonia?

What is Pneumonia? Pneumonia is a lung infection that is usually caused by viruses, fungi or bacteria. It is mainly characterized by inflammation of the lung’s alveoli (sacs in the lungs that absorb oxygen). Surveys indicate an estimated 55% of admitted patients under treatment for pneumonia will have very poor prognosis or will die. In [...]

What is Astigmatism?

What is Astigmatism? Astigmatism is an eye condition wherein there is an abnormality in the curvature of the eye surface or cornea. People with astigmatism have blurred vision, and their ability to focus on objects is impaired. Astigmatism is usually accompanied by nearsightedness or farsightedness. The anomaly in the curvature causes light that comes in [...]

What is HPV?

What is HPV? HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus, a virus that can infect humans. While some strains of this virus can cause no outward symptoms at all, some can cause warts and in other more severe cases, cancer. HPV affects millions of people in the US and for many, it is more of an inconvenience [...]

What is Azotemia?

What is Azotemia? Azotemia refers to a condition wherein there is an abnormality in the nitrogen compounds present in blood. When patients have this condition, the compounds that contain nitrogen, such as creatinine and urea, reach abnormal and very toxic high levels. This medical condition is also referred to as nephrotoxicity because it involves the [...]

What is MBD?

What is MBD? MBD or metabolic bone disease is a common illness that affects exotic pets like reptiles. This disease typically occurs in reptiles that have problems with the calcium and phosphorus levels in their bodies. Although experts believe that the actual cause for developing MBD in reptiles cannot be pinpointed to a single cause, [...]

What is Juvenile Arthritis?

What is Juvenile Arthritis? Juvenile Arthritis or JA refers to a group of arthritic conditions that typically occur in children up to about 16 years of age. The arthritis involved in this group is considered inflammatory and auto-immune in nature. This simply means that inflammation to various parts of the body is the main manifestation [...]

What is a Dysplasia?

What is a Dysplasia? Dysplasia is a condition wherein there is abnormal growth or development of tissues in the body. In this condition, mature cells are outnumbered by immature cells which go on an expansion mode. Dysplasia is considered an indication or possible progression to become a neoplasm, which involves the abnormal creation of a [...]

What is BIH?

What is BIH? BIH or Benign Intracranial Hypertension refers to an illness involving the brain. This condition is characterized by an elevated intracranial pressure in the brain but with no obvious or detected brain pathology like tumors and lesions. Some people refer to BIH as IIH or idiopathic intracranial hypertension because this medical condition has [...]

What is Kyphosis?

What is Kyphosis? Kyphosis is a medical condition that involves the excess curvature of the thoracic vertebra. The thoracic vertebra is located at the upper back portion of the spinal column. This part of the spinal column has a normal “kyphotic” curve but when it exceeds several degrees, it gives the appearance of a rounded [...]

What is IBC?

What is IBC? IBC or inflammatory breast cancer is a rare and very aggressive type of breast cancer that occurs in women of any age, but usually affects younger and African-American women. This type of breast cancer is called “inflammatory” because it presents with redness and swelling in the breasts, which are classic signs of [...]

What is GHB?

What is GHB? GHB is short for gamma hydroxybutyrate, a drug popular among teens and adults that are always involved in partying and going to clubs.  Many countries consider this drug as an illicit drug or have it regulated in terms of sale and use.  This drug is also known as 4-hydroxybutanoic acid or sodium [...]