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What is Dyspepsia?

Dyspepsia, which is the term for indigestion, refers to the medical condition wherein adverse symptoms and discomfort are experienced by patients around the upper gastrointestinal tract. The upper gastrointestinal tract is composed of the esophagus, and then the stomach, and finally the duodenum. Aside from pain and discomfort in the upper gut, a person suffering [...]

What is DVT?

DVT is the acronym for Deep Vein Thrombosis, which refers to a blood clot that occurs in one of the body’s deep veins. These blood clots typically occur in the large vein that is located in the calf and thigh muscles. DVT may cause inflammation and pain around the affected leg and may cause pulmonary [...]

What is Cradle Cap?

Cradle cap refers to a non-contagious medical condition which normally affects the scalp of babies during their first two months. This is characterized by scaly patches that are greasy and somewhat yellowish in color. Although it does not pose any potential harm, it is normally itchy and may lead to discomfort on the part of [...]

What is Arrhythmia?

Arrhythmia simply refers to irregular beating of the heart. When the heart beats too fast, the condition is called tachycardia. On the other hand, when the heart beats too slowly, it is called bradycardia. The heart can also have premature contraction or it can also beat too inconsistently—a condition called fibrillation. The term arrhythmia originates [...]

What is mycoplasma?

Mycloplasma is a type of pneumonia that is infectious. It is also referred to as “walking pneumonia”. Mycloplasma may be infectious, but it is a mild form of pneumonia and as such, patients do not need to be in a hospital just to get better. Some patients do not even know that they have this [...]

What is Lymphadenopathy?

A person who is experiencing swelling in their lymph nodes is suffering from lymphadenopathy. The lymphodes are small body organs which is part of a person’s immune system. These small organs or lymph nodes are located in different areas of the human body. They are most prominent under arms, near the groin and in the [...]

What is kennel cough?

Kennel cough pertains to the choking and coughing suffered by a dog which is also known as canine infectious tracheobronchial. Kennel cough is not considered as a deadly disease and as such dogs can heal without even the need for treatment or medication. Kennel cough also goes by the name of Bordtella. Dogs are like [...]

What is hyperopia?

Hyperopia is a medical condition where a person is farsighted, and as such, this disease is also referred to as farsightedness. Hyperopia is caused by an error in refraction or when an individual’s eye is incapable of bending light properly which results in seeing a blurred image. Hyperopia in most cases is inherited. Kids who [...]

What is amnesia?

Amnesia is a medical condition where the patient losses his or her memories and cannot recall information, facts and experiences. Contrary to popular belief, amnesia in most cases do not cause the patient to lose his or her self-identity. Amnesia is also referred to as amnestic syndrome and those who suffer from it often know [...]

What is FAS?

FAS are the abbreviation for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. FAS comprise various disorder s that babies born by women who consume alcohol while pregnant suffer from. These disorders can be anything from mild to fatal and may be physical, behavioral, learning or a combination of all these. Persons who suffer from FAS may experience challenges associated [...]

What is ESRD?

ESRD is an abbreviation for End Stage Renal Disease. This is a condition characterized by malfunctioning of kidneys that a patient cannot survive without a transplant or dialysis. This kind of kidney disease is impossible to change is often caused by diabetes and hypertension. The condition can be genetic though some drug reactions and injuries [...]

What is CPK?

CPK is an acronym for the phrase Creatine Phospokinase, which is a blood test. It refers to an enzyme present specifically in the muscles, including those in the muscles. A muscle damage or injury can result in an increase to levels of CPK in the blood. For instance, one is likely to have a high [...]

What is CDH?

CDH is the acronym for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. The word congenital implies ‘born with’, diaphragmatic implies ‘affecting diaphragm’ and hernia means ‘protrusion’ or ‘bulge’. The CDH condition occurs in an estimated 1 out of every 2500 births accounting of about 8 percent of all main congenital conditions. Solid evidence of CDH occurring mostly in one [...]

What is cat scratch fever?

Cat scratch fever is the infection brought by the Bartonella henselae, a bacteria which some cats carry. It is estimated that some 40 percent of cats have the Bartonella henselae that is carried in the cat’s saliva. Cats that have the Bartonella henselae do not suffer from any illness brought by the bacteria. But persons [...]

What is cvd?

CVD stands for cardiovascular disease that pertains to any medical disease or condition related to blood vessels and the heart. There are various cardiovascular diseases like the coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. Cardiovascular disease Stroke happens when an individual’s supply of blood to the brain has been cut out. [...]

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis refers to an infection that is caused by a type of bacteria called Leptospira. This disease is usually transmitted to human beings when unhealed breaks on the skin come in contact with soil or water that is contaminated with urine of animals. Additionally, bacteria that cause this disease can also enter through the mucous [...]

What are hives?

Hives or urticaria refers to red lumps on the skin that are commonly swollen and itch. Some people with hives also complain of a burning sensation on the areas with the red swollen lumps. Many cases of hives appear as an allergic reaction to food or other substances. There are also cases of hives wherein [...]

What is anxiety disorder?

An anxiety disorder s refer to disorders that involve feelings of fear and anxiousness. Under normal conditions, experiencing both fear and anxiety is expected in some situations like losing a loved one or a job for example. In these cases, people often feel uncertainty about their future and this is what makes them feel fear [...]

What is GIST?

GIST is the short term for gastrointestinal tumors. The term gastrointestinal implies they start in the gastrointestinal tract. GIST is a sporadic kind of sarcoma tumors that affects the digestive system, particularly stomach walls. The tumors grow from tissues that provide support to tissues that control gut movement. Generally, GIST is benign but can turn [...]

What is Goiter?

Goiter refers to one or more kinds of growths that occur in the thyroid gland. Goiter manifests as an extraordinary enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located just below the Adam’s apple on front side of the neck. Goiter occurs when a thyroid gland generates a lot or little thyroid amounts of [...]

What is bipolar 2?

Bipolar 2 is a disorder is a mental illness similar to bipolar 1 disorder wherein a patient suffers from mood swings ranging from high and low. The “up” mood in bipolar 2 however does not arrive at a full blow mania. The “up” mood in bipolar 2 only reaches hypomania or hypomanic episodes. Patients suffering [...]

What is HIB Vaccine?

HIB is the acronym for the Haemophilus Influenzae Type B vaccine. The HIB vaccine is used to inhibit severe infections that resulting from the Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria. Such infections include meningitis, which is infection of spinal cord and brain covering, pneumonia, which is infection of lungs, epiglottitis, which is an acute infection of [...]

What is Cottonmouth?

Cottonmouth is a condition where one experiences dryness in the mouth. Cottonmouth is also referred to as pasties and happens when there is no saliva in the throat or mouth area. Although often considered a minor condition, cottonmouth can be very uncomfortable for anyone suffering from chronic or mild mouth dryness. Most cottonmouth signs are [...]

What is Dumping Syndrome?

Dumping syndrome is a condition commonly experienced by patients who go through a gastric surgery. It manifests in a set of varied symptoms as a result of having sections of the stomach extracted or from other stomach surgeries. Regulating food movement is difficult after undergoing a gastric surgery. This leads to dumping of food in [...]

What is Hepatic Encephalopathy?

Hepatic encephalopathy is a liver complication where it is not able to remove pollutants from the blood. This leads to accumulation of toxins in the blood that can easily damage the brain. Hepatic encephalopathy can either be lingering or severe. In some situations, the patient may be unable to respond or get into a coma. [...]

What is cauliflower ear?

Cauliflower ear is when there is a deformity of the ear due to injury or blunt trauma. Untreated injury of the ear causes blockage that damages the tissue and stop the blood from flowing in the ear. This results in a lumpy appearance on a part of the ear that looks like a cauliflower. Cause [...]

What is PMDD?

PMDD stands for Premenstrual dysphoric disorder , an extreme form of premenstrual syndrome or PMS. Women who suffer from PMDD experience the same symptoms of PMDD in a more severe level. PMDD can cause interference with a woman’s social activities, work and even relationships. Around two to 10 percent of menstruating ladies suffer PMDD. Patients [...]

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a skin discoloration that commonly occurs in women caused by the production of too much melanin. It is characterized by brownish pigmentation or patches which form on the face, around the neck, or on the forearm. The proximate sources of Melasma are not yet known. However, there are certain circumstances that may trigger [...]

What is Anxiety Attack?

Everyone gets anxious at one time or another. Feeling nervous is normal especially if you are going through tense moments such as giving a public speech, having exams, an employment interview or experiencing a financial challenge. However, if your worry or feelings of fear become frequent to an extend of impeding your day to day [...]

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a negative state of mind in response to stress, uncertainty, and trouble. There are two types of anxiety: normal anxiety and anxiety disorder . Normal anxiety occurs when a person is faced with overwhelming situations such as break-ups, exams, interviews, or even blind dates. It is manifested by jitters in the body or [...]

What is dtap vaccine?

Introduction: Medical science has become so much advanced that it can now give cure for almost every human health related problem. We all know that small children are the biggest victim of bacterial diseases and they get infected very quickly. But with the invention of some vaccines, this is no need to worry anymore. Dtap [...]

What is DMD?

Introduction: There is no argument over the fact that among the genetic disorder s which are diagnosed among the children, Duchenne muscular atrophy is probably the most fatal one. According to a recent report, one live male born among every 3500 has been estimated to suffer from Duchenne muscular atrophy. It is indispensable to mention [...]

What is Beriberi?

Introduction: Beriberi is a disease that is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B-1 in the body, further leading to heart failure and inflammation of nerves. It exists in two types i.e. dry beriberi and wet beriberi. Both types leave different effects on the human body. Dry beriberi causes reduction in muscle strengths and [...]

What is CVD?

CVD is an acronym for Cardio Vascular Disease. These are diseases that affect the cardiovascular system which comprises vessels such as arteries, veins and capillaries plus the heart itself. The cardiovascular system, commonly known as the circulatory system is responsible for transportation of blood through the entire human body. Blood carrying oxygen is transported from [...]

What is Giardia?

Giardia is a parasite that infect intestines and causes ‘giardiasis’ which can lead to acute or chronic diarrhea. This parasite lives inside the intestines of people and animals. Before they are transferred to feces, they are encased within hard shells called cysts, which help them to survive outside the intestines for months. After the parasite [...]

What is Leukocytosis?

Leukocytosis is a condition where a person’s white blood cells count is higher than normal. White blood cells are a part of our immune system that fights and protects our body from diseases and infections. White blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a spongy soft tissue inside the bones, where some are released [...]

What is ARS?

ARS stands for Acute Retroviral Syndrome and it refers to the acute manifestation of people who just got infected with HIV or Human Immuno-deficiency Virus, the precursor to AIDS (Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome). ARS is the stage wherein the signs of the infection start to become apparent. This stage of HIV infection may last for more [...]

What is Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic Pregnancy is a condition where a fertilized egg attached itself somewhere else instead of the uterus. It can happen at the fallopian tubes, abdomen, ovary or cervix. This kind of pregnancy cannot continue normally for only the uterus is capable of holding a developing fetus. Ectopic pregnancy usually occurs in the fallopian tubes which [...]

What is MVP?

MVP or mitral valve prolapse is a medical condition that involves problems in the mitral valves of the heart. These valves are located in between the left atrium and left ventricle, the two left chambers of the heart.  Normal blood flow runs from the left atrium to the left ventricles. When the blood reaches the [...]

What is dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia is a disorder that involves abnormal development of muscle function.  When a person has dyspraxia, he/she will often have coordination problems. This medical condition becomes apparent in early childhood and symptoms can persist to adulthood.  Dyspraxia has also been labelled as a lifelong motor coordination disorder because the symptoms that are seen in childhood, [...]

What is Gliosis?

Gliosis is type of a scarring process that occurs after the central nervous system (CNS) suffers damage from stroke or multiple sclerosis. In some cases it results from the sudden growth and adaptation of glial cells leading to the formation of glial scars. The scaring can be a sign of recovery but further scaring is [...]

What is dystonia?

Dystonia is a motor disorder wherein muscle movement and function becomes abnormal. Various medical conditions may present with dystonia in varying degrees and ways. Most common signs of dystonia include tremors and twisting movements which can be rapid, repetitive, and continuous.  With problems in muscle tone, people with dystonia often have problems maintaining a certain [...]

What is dyspnea?

Dyspnea literally means difficulty in breathing.  Some medical experts also refer to dyspnea as shortness of breath.  Under normal conditions, breathing is considered automatic and relaxed.  For people with dyspnea, breathing becomes labored and uncomfortable.  The situation is that people seemed to be gasping for air all the time.  For many patients, the feeling is [...]

What is dysphagia?

Dysphagia refers to the difficulty in swallowing.  This medical condition may be caused by problems involving the muscles for swallowing or by nerve damage that is linked to issues in the brain.  For motor or muscle problems, dysphagia may involve problems in the tongue or throat area or deep in the esophagus area.  Pain or [...]

What is dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a medical condition where in a person is having difficulty with handwriting.  This disability typically occurs along with other conditions such as dyslexia or reading difficulty and other developmental disorder s.  Some people diagnosed to have disgraphia are able to write at a normal pace but the words and letters are often scrambled [...]

What is dysentery?

Dysentery is an inflammation of the intestines that lead to severe diarrhea.  Traces of blood and/or mucus can also be found in the feces when a person has dysentery. The condition typically starts with pain in the abdominal area that leads to frequent trips to the toilet.  Dehydration is a common side effect if lost [...]

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a condition wherein a person has difficulty in reading. The person who has dyslexia may have normal or even above-average intelligence but just couldn’t read fluently.  The problem with dyslexia may be in terms of decoding or recognizing letters and words.  Many dyslexic patients also have problems with spelling because of their reading [...]

What is cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy refers to a group of medical conditions that involve abnormalities in the development of motor function.  Patients with cerebral palsy often have abnormalities in terms of muscle tone, joint movement, and  posture among many others. This condition is labelled as non-progressive and may also present with other non-motor symptoms such as abnormalities in [...]

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol refers to a fat-like substance that circulates in the body through the blood stream. They are produced by the liver and may be introduced to the body by various food items such as meat products and milk for example.  Cholesterol is needed by the body for various purposes including the production and/or regulation of [...]

What is borderline personality disorder?

Borderline personality disorder refers to a condition that is mainly characterized by emotional instability. People diagnosed to have borderline personalities are typically impulsive in terms of making decisions and in many of their activities.  These people may also have unstable relationships because of their ever-changing moods and impulsive tendencies. People with borderline personality always have [...]

What is vaginitis?

Vaginitis refers to the inflammation of the vagina.  This medical condition often arises along with inflammation of the vulva or the external part of the vagina.  The inflammation of the vagina is typically secondary to infection from a variety of sources. Symptoms of vaginitis include pain during urination, itching in the vulva or deeper parts [...]

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic medical condition that results to breathing difficulties secondary to problems with airways.  The lungs are the main breathing organs but it is through the airways that oxygenated and non-oxygenated air pass through for breathing efficiency.  If the airways are inflamed for example, it can cause recurrent attacks of breathing problems. Inflammation [...]

What is typhus?

Typhus is a medical condition that is characterized by infection from the Rickettsiae bacteria family.  There are several forms of this disease but in all types, the infection is secondary to exposure from infected insects like fleas and lice.  The most common forms of typhus are endemic typhus, epidemic typhus, and scrub typhus.  The endemic [...]

What is ulcer?

Ulcers refer to sores or holes in the lining of the stomach or upper parts of the gastro-intestinal tract. When the affected part of the tract is the stomach, doctors refer to them as gastric ulcers.  For the first part of the intestine, they are referred to as duodenal ulcers.  Many medical experts point to [...]

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that typically affects adults who have either insulin resistance or who don’t have enough insulin in their bloodstream to regulate glucose.  Under normal conditions, the amount of glucose in the bloodstream is regulated by the insulin.  When a person does not enough levels of this hormone, too [...]

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that often occurs in young patients like teenagers.  This is the reason why Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as juvenile diabetes.  Most patients that have this disease are teenagers but older adults may also get this disease.  Type 1 diabetes involves an auto-immune disorder wherein [...]

What is typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is a type of fever that is caused by infection from the Salmonella enterica or Typhi bacteria.  This bacteria is known to be present in human feces and can be spread through contaminated food or water.  Once a person is infected with the Salmonella enterica or Typhi bacteria, he/she may get high-grade fever [...]

What is alopecia?

Alopecia is a medical condition that involves hair loss particularly in the scalp area.  Other parts of the body that has hair may also be affected but alopecia is more common and pronounced in the scalp.  Also known as alopecia areata, this condition involves rapid loss of hair in a patch-like pattern.  This condition affects [...]

What is aortic stenosis?

Aortic stenosis refers to the narrowing of the aortic valve or the aorta itself which is connected to the left ventricle of the heart.  As blood is pumped out of the left ventricle, it will then pass through the aorta through the aortic valve and goes back to various parts of the body.  When there [...]

What is appendicitis?

Appendicitis refers to a medical condition that involves inflammation of the appendix, a finger-like pouch that extends from the bottom of the large intestine.  When this pouch gets inflamed, severe pain may be felt near the lower right abdominal area. The exact cause of appendicitis is not entirely known to the medical community.  Most experts [...]

What is atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation is a condition wherein the atrial chambers of the heart beat irregularly and often rapidly causing various problems in terms of the heart’s overall function.  The arrhythmia caused by problems in the atrial chambers also causes a concern to the way the ventricles pump out blood to the rest of the body.  When [...]

What is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a medical condition wherein plaque has accumulated in the walls of the arteries.  Plaque mainly consists of fat and calcium deposits that accumulate in the arterial walls over time.  Once the plaque in the arteries gets too thick, it will cause hardening in the arteries and narrowing of the passageway for blood.  When [...]

What is an auto-immune disease?

Auto-immune diseases are diseases that are caused by the body’s inability to determine whether a certain substance or organism is its own or from a known antigen or foreign material.  When this happens, the body’s immune systems will be activated in such a way that it attacks its own healthy cells.  These cells are basically [...]

What is congestive heart failure?

Congestive heart failure is a disease wherein the heart is unable to pump enough blood to supply the various organs and tissues in the body.  The heart basically functions as a pumping station of blood that is needed by various parts of the body.  When this function is not running efficiently, not enough blood will [...]

What is osteopenia?

Osteopenia is a medical condition that is characterized by low bone density.  As people get older, bone density is said to decrease and therefore making the bones less stronger and more prone to injury.  When the osteopenia progresses rapidly, some people may eventually get osteoporosis.  Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disorder that results to very [...]

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis literally refers to “porous bone”.  It is a condition wherein a person’s bone density gets too low that he/she is highly prone to fractures from minor falls and similar incidents.  Under normal conditions, when the bone is studied from under a microscope, the bone tissues resemble a honeycomb. The individual spaces in the honeycomb [...]

What is meningitis?

Meningitis refers to the inflammation of the meninges which form the outer covering of the brain and spinal cord.  Infection may be secondary to bacterial or viral exposure and in rare cases some medicines may lead to this kind of medical condition.  In terms of prevalence, younger people like children and teens are prone to [...]

What is Addison’s disease?

Addison’s disease is a disease involving the adrenal glands.  These glands play a vital role in producing various hormones for several important processes in the body.  Situated near the kidneys, the adrenal glands secrete various hormones like adrenaline, cortisol, and aldosterone among others.  Under normal conditions, the adrenal glands are able to produce or secrete [...]

What is bursitis?

Bursitis is a condition where there is inflammation in the bursa.  Many joints in the body have bursa which basically functions to help ease the friction between the movements of the bony parts.  Each bursa in the body contains fluid which lubricates the joint and allows for smooth movement. The shoulders, elbows, and knees for [...]

What is anemia?

Anemia is a medical condition wherein there is not enough red blood cells in the blood. Along with white blood cells, and platelets, red blood cells or RBCs perform important functions in the body’s circulatory system. One vital function is the transport of oxygen in the blood stream. This particular function is carried out by [...]