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What is muscular dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy is a collection of diseases that are inherited where the muscles that are in charge of controlling movements referred to as voluntary muscles weaken over time. In some cases, the organs like the heart also get affected by this disease. Muscular dystrophy comes in nine kinds or forms—Duchenne, Myotonic, Limb-girdle, Becker, Congenital, Facioscapulohumeral, [...]

What is FAP?

FAP stands for familial adenomatous polyposis, an illness that is inherited which puts patients at a high-risk of developing colon cancer at an early stage. People who suffer from FAP start having polyps or the mushroom-like, tiny growth within their rectum and colon when they are teenagers. For some, these polyps develop at a much [...]

What is Myocarditis?

Myocarditis is a rare ailment caused by a virus or an immune response that is self-directed in persons who have autoimmune conditions such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis where their immune system tends to attack the body. In some cases, autoimmune conditions can affect the heart leading to myocarditis. Some uncommon cases are associated with [...]

What is Myelopathy?

Myelopathy is a term used to refer to the pathology of a spinal cord that occurs as a result of trauma. In simple terms, Myelopathy is an injury of the spinal cord. In the event that the injury gets an inflammation, it is referred to as myelitis. When the nature of the ailment is vascular, [...]

What is PKU?

PKU is the acronym for Phenylketonuria, a rare condition that generally affects a person’s health by increasing the amount of phenylalanine in the blood. An individual who has this kind of disease encounters difficulty in the breakdown of essential amino acids. PKU is often hereditary and can occur in babies. It is mainly caused by [...]

What is malaise?

Malaise is a certain feeling of uneasiness or discomfort. A person who is in malaise usually experience being slightly unwell or “out of sorts.” Oftentimes, doctors treat malaise as an indication of infection or other diseases. Malaise has no particular symptom and is one of the gray areas in health and medicine. However, numerous diseases [...]

What is HG?

HG stands for hyperemesis gravidarum which is a medical condition suffered by those who are pregnant. Those who are suffering from HG suffer from weight loss, vomiting, extreme nausea and even disturbance in their electrolytes. Those who are experiencing mild HG undergo changes in their diet as well as prescribed to take some rest and [...]

What is HLH?

HLH stands for Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. This refers to a form of rare disease wherein the body’s immune system does not function properly. The white blood cells called lymphocytes and histiocytes attack the other blood cells and may also cause enlargement of the liver and spleen when they get accumulated in these organs. HLH commonly affects [...]

What is Low Blood Sugar?

What is Implantation Bleeding like?

Implantation bleeding happens when a fertilized egg attaches to the uterus wall. For a woman looking to conceive, implantation bleeding often signifies the wellness of a pregnancy. However, one needs to carefully examine the kind of bleeding that happens to be certain that it is implantation bleeding. Implantation bleeding occurs in about one third of [...]

What is melanoma?

Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer that is considered as the most dangerous type of skin cancer. Melanoma is characterized by the development of cancerous growth that when left unrepaired can cause damage to the cells of the skin. Damage to the skin is often dues to the radiation of the ultraviolet rays from [...]

What is Hidradenitis suppurativa?

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a medical condition that affects the skin since those suffering from it have very small to at least marble-size lumps under their skins. It is a chronic medical condition. Many refer to this skin disease as acne inversa. The lumps usually develop in groin and armpits, in areas where the skin rubs [...]

What is hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is a medical condition that affects the liver and brought about by a virus. If left untreated, hepatitis C can cause damage to a liver that is irreversible such as liver failure, cirrhosis and liver cancer. It is common for patients to be unaware that they have this medical condition. There are also [...]

What is graves disease?

Graves disease is a medical condition involving the thyroid and is the number one cause of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is an illness where excessive hormones are produced by thyroid glands. Graves disease explained The thyroid glands secrete hormones that control over the metabolism of a person. When the thyroid glands release excessive hormone, and then a [...]

What is gouty arthritis?

Gouty arthritis is a type of arthritis where a patient suffers from immediate and pressing joint pains accompanied with warmth, redness and swelling of the areas affected. This type of arthritis strikes one joint at each time. The most common joints that are attacked are the big toes also referred to as podagora. It can [...]

What is Edward’s syndrome?

Edward’s syndrome is a medical condition where a person has an excess chromosome 18 and as such, this illness is also referred to as trisomy 18. This disease is very severe, and the organs in the body can be affected because of this condition. Edward’s syndrome is a common autosomal trisomy. In fact, it is [...]

What is pyloric stenosis?

Pyloric stenosis refers to the medical condition affecting the gastrointestinal tract of an infant. This condition causes the babies to vomit vigorously that can result in fluid and salt imbalances as well as dehydration. It is important that the patient get immediate treatment for this disease. Pyloric stenosis explained Pyloric stenosis happens when the pylorus [...]

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia refers to a condition wherein the prostate gland in men becomes enlarged. This condition is considered common and normal for men as they get older. The enlargement of the prostate gland is considered benign and does not lead to a malignant tumor. The problem with BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia is that [...]

What is Meniere’s disease?

Meniere’s disease is a disorder affecting the ear. It causes weird sensation of spinning motion, also known as vertigo, which may develop further in the loss of hearing sense. Sometimes, it is accompanied with a constant ringing in the ear and the feeling of having pressure inside the eardrums. This type of disease commonly occurs [...]

What Is Bruxism?

Bruxism refers to a habit that is exhibited by about ten percent of world’s population. It is mainly manifested by grinding teeth and clenching jaws. As a result of this friction, the teeth break and wear our and the jaws are disorder ed causing pain as well as limited movement. Headaches are also experienced by [...]

What is Bilirubin?

Bilirubin refers to yellow-brownish blood that is found in bile. To measure the amount of bilirubin, a bilirubin test is conducted on a blood sample. Bilirubin is generated from broken down red blood cells in the liver. It is excreted from the body via stool and is responsible to normalizing the color of stool. It [...]

What Is Anorexia?

Anorexia refers to an eating syndrome that manifests as life-threatening weight loss and lack of appetite. The condition may also come as a result of excessive physical exercise. Persons who suffer from anorexia also tend to have bulimia, a condition where the affected person makes himself or herself vomit after taking a meal as way [...]

What is Kidney Disease?

Introduction: Kidney is the most important organ of the human body, playing many life sustaining roles in the human body. It is a pair of two organs which are located above the waist. The basic function of the kidney is to clean the blood through the removal of excess fluid and waste. It also helps [...]

What is malaria?

Malaria is a serious and infectious disease that causes high fevers and chills among humans. This condition is caused by a mosquito bite. Only the female Anopheles type of mosquito is said to be the carrier of malaria. If one infected person is bitten by this particular mosquito for example, another person may also get [...]

What is Klinefelter syndrome?

Klinefelter syndrome is a chromosomal illness suffered by male patients which is affecting their cognitive and physical development. The symptoms of male patients suffering from Klinefelter syndrome may vary. Those with the Klinefelter syndrome may produce lower testosterone than required. Testosterone is a male hormone that controls or affects the sexual development of male prior [...]

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is when a person has infected tissues surrounding their teeth. Gum disease accounts for the tooth loss among adults. It is often painless and as such those suffering from it do not know that they have this illness. Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease and is often due to the bacteria [...]

What is MERS?

MERS stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. This refers to a severe disease of the respiratory system which is similar to pneumonia. Basically, the term pneumonia refers to the swelling of the air sacs in the lungs due to an infection. When a person is affected by pneumonia, the lungs become fluid-filled and negatively affects [...]

What is Dyspepsia?

Dyspepsia, which is the term for indigestion, refers to the medical condition wherein adverse symptoms and discomfort are experienced by patients around the upper gastrointestinal tract. The upper gastrointestinal tract is composed of the esophagus, and then the stomach, and finally the duodenum. Aside from pain and discomfort in the upper gut, a person suffering [...]

What is DVT?

DVT is the acronym for Deep Vein Thrombosis, which refers to a blood clot that occurs in one of the body’s deep veins. These blood clots typically occur in the large vein that is located in the calf and thigh muscles. DVT may cause inflammation and pain around the affected leg and may cause pulmonary [...]

What is Cradle Cap?

Cradle cap refers to a non-contagious medical condition which normally affects the scalp of babies during their first two months. This is characterized by scaly patches that are greasy and somewhat yellowish in color. Although it does not pose any potential harm, it is normally itchy and may lead to discomfort on the part of [...]

What is Arrhythmia?

Arrhythmia simply refers to irregular beating of the heart. When the heart beats too fast, the condition is called tachycardia. On the other hand, when the heart beats too slowly, it is called bradycardia. The heart can also have premature contraction or it can also beat too inconsistently—a condition called fibrillation. The term arrhythmia originates [...]

What is mycoplasma?

Mycloplasma is a type of pneumonia that is infectious. It is also referred to as “walking pneumonia”. Mycloplasma may be infectious, but it is a mild form of pneumonia and as such, patients do not need to be in a hospital just to get better. Some patients do not even know that they have this [...]

What is Lymphadenopathy?

A person who is experiencing swelling in their lymph nodes is suffering from lymphadenopathy. The lymphodes are small body organs which is part of a person’s immune system. These small organs or lymph nodes are located in different areas of the human body. They are most prominent under arms, near the groin and in the [...]

What is kennel cough?

Kennel cough pertains to the choking and coughing suffered by a dog which is also known as canine infectious tracheobronchial. Kennel cough is not considered as a deadly disease and as such dogs can heal without even the need for treatment or medication. Kennel cough also goes by the name of Bordtella. Dogs are like [...]

What is hyperopia?

Hyperopia is a medical condition where a person is farsighted, and as such, this disease is also referred to as farsightedness. Hyperopia is caused by an error in refraction or when an individual’s eye is incapable of bending light properly which results in seeing a blurred image. Hyperopia in most cases is inherited. Kids who [...]

What is amnesia?

Amnesia is a medical condition where the patient losses his or her memories and cannot recall information, facts and experiences. Contrary to popular belief, amnesia in most cases do not cause the patient to lose his or her self-identity. Amnesia is also referred to as amnestic syndrome and those who suffer from it often know [...]

What is FAS?

FAS are the abbreviation for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. FAS comprise various disorder s that babies born by women who consume alcohol while pregnant suffer from. These disorders can be anything from mild to fatal and may be physical, behavioral, learning or a combination of all these. Persons who suffer from FAS may experience challenges associated [...]

What is ESRD?

ESRD is an abbreviation for End Stage Renal Disease. This is a condition characterized by malfunctioning of kidneys that a patient cannot survive without a transplant or dialysis. This kind of kidney disease is impossible to change is often caused by diabetes and hypertension. The condition can be genetic though some drug reactions and injuries [...]

What is CPK?

CPK is an acronym for the phrase Creatine Phospokinase, which is a blood test. It refers to an enzyme present specifically in the muscles, including those in the muscles. A muscle damage or injury can result in an increase to levels of CPK in the blood. For instance, one is likely to have a high [...]

What is CDH?

CDH is the acronym for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. The word congenital implies ‘born with’, diaphragmatic implies ‘affecting diaphragm’ and hernia means ‘protrusion’ or ‘bulge’. The CDH condition occurs in an estimated 1 out of every 2500 births accounting of about 8 percent of all main congenital conditions. Solid evidence of CDH occurring mostly in one [...]

What is cat scratch fever?

Cat scratch fever is the infection brought by the Bartonella henselae, a bacteria which some cats carry. It is estimated that some 40 percent of cats have the Bartonella henselae that is carried in the cat’s saliva. Cats that have the Bartonella henselae do not suffer from any illness brought by the bacteria. But persons [...]

What is cvd?

CVD stands for cardiovascular disease that pertains to any medical disease or condition related to blood vessels and the heart. There are various cardiovascular diseases like the coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. Cardiovascular disease Stroke happens when an individual’s supply of blood to the brain has been cut out. [...]

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis refers to an infection that is caused by a type of bacteria called Leptospira. This disease is usually transmitted to human beings when unhealed breaks on the skin come in contact with soil or water that is contaminated with urine of animals. Additionally, bacteria that cause this disease can also enter through the mucous [...]

What are hives?

Hives or urticaria refers to red lumps on the skin that are commonly swollen and itch. Some people with hives also complain of a burning sensation on the areas with the red swollen lumps. Many cases of hives appear as an allergic reaction to food or other substances. There are also cases of hives wherein [...]

What is anxiety disorder?

An anxiety disorder s refer to disorders that involve feelings of fear and anxiousness. Under normal conditions, experiencing both fear and anxiety is expected in some situations like losing a loved one or a job for example. In these cases, people often feel uncertainty about their future and this is what makes them feel fear [...]

What is GIST?

GIST is the short term for gastrointestinal tumors. The term gastrointestinal implies they start in the gastrointestinal tract. GIST is a sporadic kind of sarcoma tumors that affects the digestive system, particularly stomach walls. The tumors grow from tissues that provide support to tissues that control gut movement. Generally, GIST is benign but can turn [...]

What is Goiter?

Goiter refers to one or more kinds of growths that occur in the thyroid gland. Goiter manifests as an extraordinary enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located just below the Adam’s apple on front side of the neck. Goiter occurs when a thyroid gland generates a lot or little thyroid amounts of [...]

What is bipolar 2?

Bipolar 2 is a disorder is a mental illness similar to bipolar 1 disorder wherein a patient suffers from mood swings ranging from high and low. The “up” mood in bipolar 2 however does not arrive at a full blow mania. The “up” mood in bipolar 2 only reaches hypomania or hypomanic episodes. Patients suffering [...]

What is HIB Vaccine?

HIB is the acronym for the Haemophilus Influenzae Type B vaccine. The HIB vaccine is used to inhibit severe infections that resulting from the Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria. Such infections include meningitis, which is infection of spinal cord and brain covering, pneumonia, which is infection of lungs, epiglottitis, which is an acute infection of [...]

What is Cottonmouth?

Cottonmouth is a condition where one experiences dryness in the mouth. Cottonmouth is also referred to as pasties and happens when there is no saliva in the throat or mouth area. Although often considered a minor condition, cottonmouth can be very uncomfortable for anyone suffering from chronic or mild mouth dryness. Most cottonmouth signs are [...]

What is Dumping Syndrome?

Dumping syndrome is a condition commonly experienced by patients who go through a gastric surgery. It manifests in a set of varied symptoms as a result of having sections of the stomach extracted or from other stomach surgeries. Regulating food movement is difficult after undergoing a gastric surgery. This leads to dumping of food in [...]

What is Hepatic Encephalopathy?

Hepatic encephalopathy is a liver complication where it is not able to remove pollutants from the blood. This leads to accumulation of toxins in the blood that can easily damage the brain. Hepatic encephalopathy can either be lingering or severe. In some situations, the patient may be unable to respond or get into a coma. [...]

What is cauliflower ear?

Cauliflower ear is when there is a deformity of the ear due to injury or blunt trauma. Untreated injury of the ear causes blockage that damages the tissue and stop the blood from flowing in the ear. This results in a lumpy appearance on a part of the ear that looks like a cauliflower. Cause [...]

What is PMDD?

PMDD stands for Premenstrual dysphoric disorder , an extreme form of premenstrual syndrome or PMS. Women who suffer from PMDD experience the same symptoms of PMDD in a more severe level. PMDD can cause interference with a woman’s social activities, work and even relationships. Around two to 10 percent of menstruating ladies suffer PMDD. Patients [...]

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a skin discoloration that commonly occurs in women caused by the production of too much melanin. It is characterized by brownish pigmentation or patches which form on the face, around the neck, or on the forearm. The proximate sources of Melasma are not yet known. However, there are certain circumstances that may trigger [...]

What is Anxiety Attack?

Everyone gets anxious at one time or another. Feeling nervous is normal especially if you are going through tense moments such as giving a public speech, having exams, an employment interview or experiencing a financial challenge. However, if your worry or feelings of fear become frequent to an extend of impeding your day to day [...]

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a negative state of mind in response to stress, uncertainty, and trouble. There are two types of anxiety: normal anxiety and anxiety disorder . Normal anxiety occurs when a person is faced with overwhelming situations such as break-ups, exams, interviews, or even blind dates. It is manifested by jitters in the body or [...]

What is dtap vaccine?

Introduction: Medical science has become so much advanced that it can now give cure for almost every human health related problem. We all know that small children are the biggest victim of bacterial diseases and they get infected very quickly. But with the invention of some vaccines, this is no need to worry anymore. Dtap [...]

What is DMD?

Introduction: There is no argument over the fact that among the genetic disorder s which are diagnosed among the children, Duchenne muscular atrophy is probably the most fatal one. According to a recent report, one live male born among every 3500 has been estimated to suffer from Duchenne muscular atrophy. It is indispensable to mention [...]

What is Beriberi?

Introduction: Beriberi is a disease that is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B-1 in the body, further leading to heart failure and inflammation of nerves. It exists in two types i.e. dry beriberi and wet beriberi. Both types leave different effects on the human body. Dry beriberi causes reduction in muscle strengths and [...]

What is CVD?

CVD is an acronym for Cardio Vascular Disease. These are diseases that affect the cardiovascular system which comprises vessels such as arteries, veins and capillaries plus the heart itself. The cardiovascular system, commonly known as the circulatory system is responsible for transportation of blood through the entire human body. Blood carrying oxygen is transported from [...]

What is Giardia?

Giardia is a parasite that infect intestines and causes ‘giardiasis’ which can lead to acute or chronic diarrhea. This parasite lives inside the intestines of people and animals. Before they are transferred to feces, they are encased within hard shells called cysts, which help them to survive outside the intestines for months. After the parasite [...]

What is Leukocytosis?

Leukocytosis is a condition where a person’s white blood cells count is higher than normal. White blood cells are a part of our immune system that fights and protects our body from diseases and infections. White blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a spongy soft tissue inside the bones, where some are released [...]

What is ARS?

ARS stands for Acute Retroviral Syndrome and it refers to the acute manifestation of people who just got infected with HIV or Human Immuno-deficiency Virus, the precursor to AIDS (Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome). ARS is the stage wherein the signs of the infection start to become apparent. This stage of HIV infection may last for more [...]

What is Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic Pregnancy is a condition where a fertilized egg attached itself somewhere else instead of the uterus. It can happen at the fallopian tubes, abdomen, ovary or cervix. This kind of pregnancy cannot continue normally for only the uterus is capable of holding a developing fetus. Ectopic pregnancy usually occurs in the fallopian tubes which [...]

What is MVP?

MVP or mitral valve prolapse is a medical condition that involves problems in the mitral valves of the heart. These valves are located in between the left atrium and left ventricle, the two left chambers of the heart.  Normal blood flow runs from the left atrium to the left ventricles. When the blood reaches the [...]

What is dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia is a disorder that involves abnormal development of muscle function.  When a person has dyspraxia, he/she will often have coordination problems. This medical condition becomes apparent in early childhood and symptoms can persist to adulthood.  Dyspraxia has also been labelled as a lifelong motor coordination disorder because the symptoms that are seen in childhood, [...]

What is Gliosis?

Gliosis is type of a scarring process that occurs after the central nervous system (CNS) suffers damage from stroke or multiple sclerosis. In some cases it results from the sudden growth and adaptation of glial cells leading to the formation of glial scars. The scaring can be a sign of recovery but further scaring is [...]

What is dystonia?

Dystonia is a motor disorder wherein muscle movement and function becomes abnormal. Various medical conditions may present with dystonia in varying degrees and ways. Most common signs of dystonia include tremors and twisting movements which can be rapid, repetitive, and continuous.  With problems in muscle tone, people with dystonia often have problems maintaining a certain [...]

What is dyspnea?

Dyspnea literally means difficulty in breathing.  Some medical experts also refer to dyspnea as shortness of breath.  Under normal conditions, breathing is considered automatic and relaxed.  For people with dyspnea, breathing becomes labored and uncomfortable.  The situation is that people seemed to be gasping for air all the time.  For many patients, the feeling is [...]