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What is Public Health?

Public health refers to the science of improving and protecting families as well as the entire population by putting in place organized measures to prevent diseases and promoting healthy lifestyles for purposes of ensuring that life is prolonged. This is done through planning and conducting research with respect to diseases, injury prevention, detection and control [...]

What is Bilirubin?

Bilirubin refers to yellow-brownish blood that is found in bile. To measure the amount of bilirubin, a bilirubin test is conducted on a blood sample. Bilirubin is generated from broken down red blood cells in the liver. It is excreted from the body via stool and is responsible to normalizing the color of stool. It [...]

What Is Anorexia?

Anorexia refers to an eating syndrome that manifests as life-threatening weight loss and lack of appetite. The condition may also come as a result of excessive physical exercise. Persons who suffer from anorexia also tend to have bulimia, a condition where the affected person makes himself or herself vomit after taking a meal as way [...]

What is Kidney Disease?

Introduction: Kidney is the most important organ of the human body, playing many life sustaining roles in the human body. It is a pair of two organs which are located above the waist. The basic function of the kidney is to clean the blood through the removal of excess fluid and waste. It also helps [...]

What is Cryotherapy?

Introduction: The use of very cold temperature exposure for the body for brief periods of time in order to gain the benefits of therapeutic results such as healing is commonly termed as cryotherapy. Cryotherapy is quite a new technique originated only recently and have been in practice for a few years only. Cryotherapy is the [...]

What is malaria?

Malaria is a serious and infectious disease that causes high fevers and chills among humans. This condition is caused by a mosquito bite. Only the female Anopheles type of mosquito is said to be the carrier of malaria. If one infected person is bitten by this particular mosquito for example, another person may also get [...]

What is CDC?

CDC refers to Center for Disease Control and Prevention, a federal agency in the US that is tasked to promote public health and safety across the US. The CDC functions under the US Department of Health and Human Services but works in coordination with federal, national, state, and local agencies in its goal to protect [...]

What is Klinefelter syndrome?

Klinefelter syndrome is a chromosomal illness suffered by male patients which is affecting their cognitive and physical development. The symptoms of male patients suffering from Klinefelter syndrome may vary. Those with the Klinefelter syndrome may produce lower testosterone than required. Testosterone is a male hormone that controls or affects the sexual development of male prior [...]

What is ice drug?

Ice drug is an illegal drug that is a member of the amphetamine family. Ice is a methamphetamine that is similar to base or speed. Ice has a purer form compared to a base or a speed. Those who take an ice drug experiences a very intense “high” and react powerfully to the drug such [...]

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is when a person has infected tissues surrounding their teeth. Gum disease accounts for the tooth loss among adults. It is often painless and as such those suffering from it do not know that they have this illness. Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease and is often due to the bacteria [...]

What is MERS?

MERS stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. This refers to a severe disease of the respiratory system which is similar to pneumonia. Basically, the term pneumonia refers to the swelling of the air sacs in the lungs due to an infection. When a person is affected by pneumonia, the lungs become fluid-filled and negatively affects [...]

What is amniotic fluid?

Amniotic fluid is the mechanism that protects the baby from getting hurt while inside the mother’s womb. It also helps the lungs of the baby as well as the digestive system to develop. Amniotic fluid also is capable of protecting the baby from infection. It is the water that surrounds the baby while inside the [...]

What is Glucagon?

Glucagon refers to a type of hormone produced by the alpha cells found in the Islets of Langerhans—a part of the pancreas. This hormone induces the opposite effects as that of insulin, with which it works in partnership with to maintain the balance of blood glucose levels in the body. One of its primary roles [...]

What is Dyspepsia?

Dyspepsia, which is the term for indigestion, refers to the medical condition wherein adverse symptoms and discomfort are experienced by patients around the upper gastrointestinal tract. The upper gastrointestinal tract is composed of the esophagus, and then the stomach, and finally the duodenum. Aside from pain and discomfort in the upper gut, a person suffering [...]

What is DVT?

DVT is the acronym for Deep Vein Thrombosis, which refers to a blood clot that occurs in one of the body’s deep veins. These blood clots typically occur in the large vein that is located in the calf and thigh muscles. DVT may cause inflammation and pain around the affected leg and may cause pulmonary [...]

What is Cradle Cap?

Cradle cap refers to a non-contagious medical condition which normally affects the scalp of babies during their first two months. This is characterized by scaly patches that are greasy and somewhat yellowish in color. Although it does not pose any potential harm, it is normally itchy and may lead to discomfort on the part of [...]

What is Carpal Tunnel?

The carpal tunnel refers to the narrow passageway which is located underneath a ligament on the wrist area. There are several tendons and nerves that surround this passageway, but the main nerve found in this part of the body is the median nerve. This type of nerve extends down from the forearm into the wrist. [...]

What is Arrhythmia?

Arrhythmia simply refers to irregular beating of the heart. When the heart beats too fast, the condition is called tachycardia. On the other hand, when the heart beats too slowly, it is called bradycardia. The heart can also have premature contraction or it can also beat too inconsistently—a condition called fibrillation. The term arrhythmia originates [...]

What is mycoplasma?

Mycloplasma is a type of pneumonia that is infectious. It is also referred to as “walking pneumonia”. Mycloplasma may be infectious, but it is a mild form of pneumonia and as such, patients do not need to be in a hospital just to get better. Some patients do not even know that they have this [...]

What is Lyrica?

Lyrica is a medicine which goes by the name of pregabalin that is manufactured by pharmaceutical company Pfizer. Pregabalin is used as an anti-seizure or anticonvulsants for the treatment of neuropathic pain. It is also used to treat patients who are suffering from partial seizure that are common in those who have temporal lobe epilepsy. [...]

What is Lymphadenopathy?

A person who is experiencing swelling in their lymph nodes is suffering from lymphadenopathy. The lymphodes are small body organs which is part of a person’s immune system. These small organs or lymph nodes are located in different areas of the human body. They are most prominent under arms, near the groin and in the [...]

What is kennel cough?

Kennel cough pertains to the choking and coughing suffered by a dog which is also known as canine infectious tracheobronchial. Kennel cough is not considered as a deadly disease and as such dogs can heal without even the need for treatment or medication. Kennel cough also goes by the name of Bordtella. Dogs are like [...]

What is hyperopia?

Hyperopia is a medical condition where a person is farsighted, and as such, this disease is also referred to as farsightedness. Hyperopia is caused by an error in refraction or when an individual’s eye is incapable of bending light properly which results in seeing a blurred image. Hyperopia in most cases is inherited. Kids who [...]

What is Blood Doping?

Blood Doping is a term used to refer to the illegal process of enhancing the athletic ability of athletes. Blood doping occurs when artificial methods are used to boost the ability of an athlete’s blood to carry more oxygen to body muscles. In most cases, blood doping works by increasing the level of hemoglobin available [...]

What is Food Poisoning?

Food poisoning refers to an ailment that occurs after a person has consumed contaminated food. However, many people feel better even without having to seek treatment. Food poisoning is usually caused by bacteria such as Escherichia coli or salmonella or viruses like norovirus. A victim of food poisoning begins showing symptoms one to three days [...]

What is Gestation Period?

The term gestation refers to the process through which a fetus or embryo develops in a female mammal. Generally, gestation applies to mammals as well as some specific non-mammals. During pregnancy, mammals can have only one gestation or even more than one gestation at a go. Gestation period refers to the time or duration over [...]

What is Music Therapy?

Music therapy refers to a medicinal process that uses music to address physical, enthusiastic, cognitive, social and otherworldly needs of people of all ages. Music helps enhance the personal satisfaction for persons who are well and helps youngsters and grown-ups with handicaps or ailments. Music Therapy can be intended to enhance a person’s health, aid [...]

What is Fomo?

Fomo means the fear of missing out which is a psychological disorder that is considered to be both a phobia and an addiction. Many people may suffer from this mental condition but may not know it. It is considered to be a disease that is related to technology. Fomo is when a person fears that [...]

What is folic acid?

Folic acid is a B vitamin that is soluble in water and comes from natural food. Folic acid is the synthesized vitamin of folate. The usage of folic acid has developed in recent years. In fact, folic acid is added to different food like flour, bakery items, crackers, cookies and cereals. The addition of folic [...]

What is endocrinology?

Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that studies and deals with the illnesses pertaining to hormones. Many argue that endocrinology is one of the sub-specialties under internal medicine. The scope of endocrinology also covers other human functions like respiration, sensory perception, coordination of metabolism and movement, among others. Those who deal with endocrinology have to [...]

What is eating disorder?

Eating disorder is a psychological condition that results in grave physical and emotional complications. Those with eating disorders can face life-threatening repercussions both for males and females. There are different types of eating disorders such as binging, bulimia and anorexia. Those with eating disorders suffer from a roller-coaster of emotions and have issues with their [...]

What is BPAP?

BPAP refers to a medical machine that means bilevel positive airway pressure. A BPAP is a breathing apparatus used by patients to have more air enter the lungs. BPAP was created back in the 1990s which is a spinoff of a CPAP machine or a continuous positive airway pressure machine. There is a difference between [...]

What is amnesia?

Amnesia is a medical condition where the patient losses his or her memories and cannot recall information, facts and experiences. Contrary to popular belief, amnesia in most cases do not cause the patient to lose his or her self-identity. Amnesia is also referred to as amnestic syndrome and those who suffer from it often know [...]

What is EPO?

EPO is a hormone that a body produces in a natural way by the kidneys. But EPO may also be produced in an artificial manner. It is a hormone that can help athletes enhance their performance in sporting events. How does EPO work? This hormone can increase the endurance of persons and as such, EPO [...]

What is EMDR?

EMDR stands for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing which is a relatively new kind of psychotherapy. EMDR is often used to treat patients who are suffering from post-traumatic stress disease or PTSD. PTSD happens when a person goes through harrowing experiences which may include physical assault, military combat, car accidents or rape, among others. EMDR [...]

What is edging?

Edging is an exercise for men to help them address mild premature ejaculation. It is an exercise which helps men learn control, as well as build stamina to help boost their staying power while having sexual intercourse. Edging explained There are millions of men around the world who suffer from premature ejaculation. Contrary to some [...]

What is IV?

IV is the short cut for the term intravenous which means “into the vein”. As such, an IV medication starts through the insertion of a needle into a vein. The medication goes through the needle and into the veins. IV is used for patients who need to receive the medication immediately as taking medications orally [...]

What is ibuprofen used for?

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drug that is used to suppress pain and reduce fever. It is a common medicine used to treat a lot of body pains such as headache, backache, arthritis, menstrual cramps, and toothache. It is also considered as an analgesic and comes in a variety of form. It may be [...]

What is Tylenol 3?

Tylenol 3 refers to a drug that is commonly prescribed by doctors to relieve pain. Tylenol 3 is prescribed to cure short-term discomfort as well as long-term conditions. Just as its name suggests, Tylenol 3 is a higher version of the more general Tylenol medicine that is easily accessible over the counter. Tylenol 3 contains [...]

What is FAS?

FAS are the abbreviation for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. FAS comprise various disorder s that babies born by women who consume alcohol while pregnant suffer from. These disorders can be anything from mild to fatal and may be physical, behavioral, learning or a combination of all these. Persons who suffer from FAS may experience challenges associated [...]

What is ESRD?

ESRD is an abbreviation for End Stage Renal Disease. This is a condition characterized by malfunctioning of kidneys that a patient cannot survive without a transplant or dialysis. This kind of kidney disease is impossible to change is often caused by diabetes and hypertension. The condition can be genetic though some drug reactions and injuries [...]

What is ECT?

ECT is an abbreviation for Electro-Convulsive Therapy. Electro-Convulsive Therapy is a form of treatment prescribed for persons suffering from conditions such as serious depression, psychotic diseases like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder . In some cases, modes of treatment like counseling and medication have no or little effect on psychosis or depression symptoms. ECT is prescribed [...]

What is CPK?

CPK is an acronym for the phrase Creatine Phospokinase, which is a blood test. It refers to an enzyme present specifically in the muscles, including those in the muscles. A muscle damage or injury can result in an increase to levels of CPK in the blood. For instance, one is likely to have a high [...]

What is CDH?

CDH is the acronym for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. The word congenital implies ‘born with’, diaphragmatic implies ‘affecting diaphragm’ and hernia means ‘protrusion’ or ‘bulge’. The CDH condition occurs in an estimated 1 out of every 2500 births accounting of about 8 percent of all main congenital conditions. Solid evidence of CDH occurring mostly in one [...]

What is cat scratch fever?

Cat scratch fever is the infection brought by the Bartonella henselae, a bacteria which some cats carry. It is estimated that some 40 percent of cats have the Bartonella henselae that is carried in the cat’s saliva. Cats that have the Bartonella henselae do not suffer from any illness brought by the bacteria. But persons [...]

What is Kidney Dialysis?

Dialysis refers to a form of medical treatment which imitates several functions of the kidneys. The main purpose of this procedure is to filter the blood, in order to eliminate the body wastes, as well as the excess salt and water. This procedure is commonly used for the treatment of chronic kidney disease, wherein the [...]

What is Dermatology?

Dermatology refers to the branch of medicine which deals with the skin, its conditions, as well as other related parts including the sweat glands and hair. There are various branches under dermatology, such as cosmetic dermatology and immunodermatology. Cosmetic dermatology involves optional procedures, while immunodermatology focuses on skin conditions that results from problems with the [...]

What is MMR vaccine?

MMR vaccine is the vaccine for measles, mumps and rubella. These three diseases are serious and can be life threatening. The MMR vaccine has live viruses of the three illnesses, but they are weak viruses only. The MMR vaccine shot will cause a harmless infection and there are usually no symptoms for the recipient of [...]

What is krokodil?

Krokodil is a relatively new drug that goes by the name of desomorphine which is a highly addictive drug. Krokodil as an addictive drug has set a new record for being able to destruct both the body and mind quickly. How krokodil is made This drug is harmful given that it is a home-made drug [...]

What is glycemic load?

The glycemic load refers to the measurement of the carbohydrate amounts per serving of food in relation to the rate the blood glucose levels increase. The formula for computing for the glycemic load is the glycemic index multiplied by 100 divided by 100. The glycemic index is the level of carbohydrates found in food and [...]

What is Cytoskeleton?

The cytoskeleton refers to the network of fibers all over the cytoplasm of the cell. The main purposes of this network of fibers include providing the cell with support and helping it maintain its own shape. In addition, the cytoskeleton also hold the different cell organelles in place. There are three main kinds of fibers [...]

What is CXR Test?

CXR test stands for chest X-ray, which refers to the picture of the chest area that displays the lungs, airway, heart, blood vessels, and lymph nodes. Additionally, the chest X-ray also displays the spine and other bones around the area, such as the ribs, breastbone, and the collarbone. This is one of the most common [...]

What is cvd?

CVD stands for cardiovascular disease that pertains to any medical disease or condition related to blood vessels and the heart. There are various cardiovascular diseases like the coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. Cardiovascular disease Stroke happens when an individual’s supply of blood to the brain has been cut out. [...]

What is atropine?

Atropine is a drug used for general anesthesia as a form of premedication or even during surgeries allowing the heart beat to go faster. Atropine works by preventing Acetylcholine from working. Acetylcholine is a chemical found in the body that can affect the contraction of muscles. Atropine can also reverse the effects of poisons or [...]

What is Low Self-Esteem?

Self-esteem refers to the overall evaluation of a person about his or her self-worth. This personality trait was developed from childhood and may affect an individual’s social interactions and relationships, behaviors, as well as his general well-being. Low self-esteem refers to the condition wherein a person has a feeling that he is a failure and [...]

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis refers to an infection that is caused by a type of bacteria called Leptospira. This disease is usually transmitted to human beings when unhealed breaks on the skin come in contact with soil or water that is contaminated with urine of animals. Additionally, bacteria that cause this disease can also enter through the mucous [...]

What is Lactase?

Lactase refers to an enzyme whose main role is to break down the sugar found in milk called lactose. In humans, this enzyme is produced by the cells that line the small intestines. Most people are born with the ability to produce lactase because the body needs it to be able to digest milk. However, [...]

What are hives?

Hives or urticaria refers to red lumps on the skin that are commonly swollen and itch. Some people with hives also complain of a burning sensation on the areas with the red swollen lumps. Many cases of hives appear as an allergic reaction to food or other substances. There are also cases of hives wherein [...]

What is Hibiscus?

Hibiscus refers to a type of bushy annual plant which is used for a variety of purposes. In Egypt, parts of the flowers of hibiscus are used to make a kind of drink called Karkade. Aside from that, different parts of the plant can be made into spices, sauces, jams, and soups. The flowers of [...]

What is anxiety disorder?

An anxiety disorder s refer to disorders that involve feelings of fear and anxiousness. Under normal conditions, experiencing both fear and anxiety is expected in some situations like losing a loved one or a job for example. In these cases, people often feel uncertainty about their future and this is what makes them feel fear [...]

What is drug addiction?

Drug addiction is a condition wherein a person becomes dependent upon a certain drug or substance. In the medical and scientific community, addiction to a drug is considered a brain disease than can either be chronic or relapsing. It does not only involve a weak willpower or emotional state but many experts believe that part [...]

What is Gardasil?

Gardasil is a brand of drug that is used to prevent specific strains of HPV or human papillomavirus. This virus is known to cause genital warts in both men and women. HPV is also the same virus that can cause cervical cancer in women. Through vaccination with Gardasil, some strains of HPV can be prevented. [...]

What is long term care insurance?

Long term care insurance refers to coverage for those ages 65 and above that includes home-health care, nursing home care and adult day care. The insurance covers people suffering from disabling or chronic diseases that require constant supervision. In general, long-term care can be very expensive and as such individuals opt to avail of long-term [...]

What is leeks?

Leeks are vegetables that belong to the Allium vegetable family. Leeks are very healthy vegetables and are related to garlic and onions. Leeks have significant amounts of flavonoid kaempferol that are reported to help protect the body’s blood vessel linings from damage. Health Benefits Leeks contain a significant concentration of folate which is present in [...]

What is kundalini?

Kundalini is an energy that is found in a body that is, usually, in a dormant state and as such most individuals does not know that the said energy is in the body. It is also considered as an inner divine presence inside a body. There are very few people who can feel this energy; [...]

What is ASA?

ASA is a drug caution code referring to aspirin. ASA literally stands for acetylsalicylic acid and when it is included in drug labels, it is intended as a warning for people who may have specific sensitivities to this substance. Aspirin is a known over-the-counter drug for the treatment of pain and headaches but some other [...]

What is DBT?

DBT or Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a type of psychological therapy that aims to help people who have chronic personalities such as those with suicidal tendencies and those who become dependent in drugs. People with borderline personality disorder may also respond well to DBT or dialectical behavior therapy. Many of the patients that are prescribed [...]

What is Colic?

Colic is a medical word used to describe the frequent and excessive of an infant who is well fed and healthy. Though it is a common occurrence that affects at least one in every five infants, it is a condition that is understood poorly. In most cases, colic starts during the first weeks after birth [...]

What is GIST?

GIST is the short term for gastrointestinal tumors. The term gastrointestinal implies they start in the gastrointestinal tract. GIST is a sporadic kind of sarcoma tumors that affects the digestive system, particularly stomach walls. The tumors grow from tissues that provide support to tissues that control gut movement. Generally, GIST is benign but can turn [...]

What is FIT Tea?

Fit Tea is a type of detoxifying tea mixture that contains verified natural herbs. The herbs are designed to augment weight management as part of a good healthy exercise and diet regimen. Some of the herbs contained in Fit Tea include natural green tea, rooibos, pomegranate, oolong wu yi, ginger, guarana, stevia, honey powder, corn [...]