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What is MS?

MS is an abbreviation for Multiple Sclerosis which means many scars. This is a terminal disease that affects the central nervous system, which means it affects the brain and spinal chord for a life time. MS is the most common nervous disease among young adults and is estimated to affect slightly more than 2.5 million [...]

What is Yoga?

Yoga is a series of breathing patterns, poses and exercises designed to bring about better health and clarity of mind. In the traditional sense, as in the Hindu religion, yoga is a means to becoming enlightened and to become closer to God. For Buddhists, yoga is a way to greater wisdom. A practitioner of yoga [...]

What is HCG?

What is HCG? HCG stands for human chorionic gonadotrophin, a hormone that is produced during pregnancy. HCG is initially produced by the embryo while it is still in the development phase, and then eventually by the placenta lining the uterine wall, which serves to protect the same embryo. HCG protects the ovarian corpus luteum so [...]

What is BMI?

What is BMI? – Quick Facts for BMI What is BMI? BMI stands for Body Mass Index and it is a type of method used by medical professionals to determine if a person is in a healthy weight. As basis, BMI takes a person’s body height and weight. These factors help determine the levels of [...]

What is Gout?

What is Gout? Gout is a medical condition characterized by intense pain at the joints (commonly the foot), typically affecting the joint of the big toe. Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, causing swelling in joints. With gout, the affected individual experiences severe pain, swelling, tenderness and a burning feeling in [...]

What is Lybrel?

What is Lybrel? Lybrel is an oral contraceptive or birth control pill manufactured by pharmaceutical company Pfizer Inc. Lybrel is a continuous use pill, and comes in a 28-day blister pack. The active ingredients in Lybriel are 90 micrograms of the hormone progestin (in the form of levonorgestrel) and 20 micrograms of estrogen (in the [...]

What is Yeast?

What is Yeast? Yeast is a general term that refers to over 1500 species of micro organisms that belong to the fungi kingdom. Most yeast is single celled and reproduces asexually through budding or in some cases through binary fusion.  Yeast reproduces very quickly and under the right conditions can go from a single cell [...]

What is Mono?

What is Mono? – The Kissing Disease Mono is an infectious disease, which is a short term for mononucleosis. Mono is also popular in its other name the “kissing disease”. Although it is called a kissing disease, mono is not only transmitted by kissing. The disease is caused by Epstein – Barr virus (EBV), a [...]

What is Tooth Abscess?

What is Tooth Abscess? Tooth abscess is a dental condition wherein pus has accumulated in a cavity on the interior of the tooth, or a term that is also usually loosely used for pus in the jaw bone where our teeth are attached. Tooth abscess is present when there is an infection that usually comes [...]

What is Fiberomyalgia?

What is Fiberomyalgia? Fibromyalgia, also commonly misspelled as fiberomyalgia, is a condition which is characterized by chronic pain in the muscles as well as heightened sensitivity to pressure. Also called by its shorthand name FM, fibromyalgia currently has no known cure and is only managed through a series of treatments and therapy. Fibromyalgia is a [...]

What is Norwalk Virus?

What is Norwalk Virus? Norwalk virus is a virus strain that causes gastroenteritis or “stomach flu”. It is estimated that Norwalk virus is responsible for about 90% of all gastroenteritis outbreak in the world as well as half of all food-borne outbreaks in the US. Norwalk virus, whose name is derived from Norwalk, Ohio where [...]

What is Yeast Infection?

Yeast infection is the more common term for the fungal infections candidiasis or thrush. Yeast infection is called as such because the fungal infection is caused by the species candida, or the yeast family. Yeast infection can be classified as oropharyngeal / oral candidiasis or thrush, which affects the mouth, throat and / or tongue. [...]

What is Zinc?

What is Zinc? Zinc is a metallic element, with a periodic table of elements symbol Zn and an atomic number of 30. Zinc is also commonly known as spelter. It is widely believed that Zinc was first named by the alchemist Paracelsus (1493-1541) after the Geman word Zinke, meaning “sharp or jagged edge”. However, the [...]

What is White Collar Blood Pressure?

What is White Collar Blood Pressure? White collar blood pressure refers to the increased blood pressure that individuals experience when seeing a doctor. “White collar” pertains to the uniforms that doctors wear on duty. This is also called white collar effect or white coat effect. Anxiety and agitation makes a person’s blood pressure increase, and [...]

What Is Xanax?

What Is Xanax? Xanax is an anti-anxiety drug and has the generic name of Alprazolam.  It belongs to the benzodiazepine class, the same class with flurazapam (Dalmane), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and others. Alprazolam’s action is to enhance the effects of gamma–aminobutyric acid (GABA) on the brain. GABA is a neurotransmitter – a chemical that [...]

What Is Zumba?

What Is Zumba? Zumba is a Latin-inspired fitness program that involves aerobic dancing and other cardiovascular exercises.  The word “zumba” has its roots in Colombia and it means “to move fast and have fun”, which is exactly what the fitness program is all about.  Exercise is done with upbeat Latin music to create a fun [...]

What Is HIPAA?

What Is HIPAA? HIPAA is an acronym for “Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act” of the United States. Introduced in 1996, HIPAA was put into law to help employees in between jobs to still have health insurance coverage.  It was difficult in the past to change insurance providers due to lowered coverage and high premiums. [...]

What is Distemper?

What is Distemper? Distemper is a deadly disease usually affecting dogs and cats.  Though both types are commonly confused as the same, Canine Distemper in dogs and Feline Distemper in cats are caused by different viruses. For Canine Distemper, the virus involved is paramyxovirus.  This type of virus is mostly prevalent during spring and autumn [...]

What is Vertigo?

What is Vertigo? Vertigo is a condition wherein somebody feels that everything around him is moving or spinning. Patients with vertigo may experience this while moving around or standing still. This spinning sensation affects balance and cause difficulty for patients to go about their daily tasks, especially when the symptoms are in severe form.  Bouts [...]

What is MRSA?

What is MRSA? MRSA is an acronym for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a bacteria that has developed resistance to penicillin. In fact the methicillin is a narrow-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic that was used for a long time to treat infections caused by the Staphylococcus aureus. The name is still used to describe the resilient Staphylococcus aureus, although [...]

What is Uric Acid?

What is Uric Acid? Technically the uric acid is the end product of purine nucleotide metabolism, and it contains carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen. By eating a lot o meat for example, especially red meat, the uric acid level grows in the body and it can become a serious problem after reaching certain limits. The [...]

What is Digestion?

What is Digestion? Living things, especially the mammals need to eat in order to survive. To get the nutrients from the food, a process called digestion must take place. Digestion is both a mechanical and chemical process of breaking down foods. The body needs to break down foods into smaller components so that the body [...]

What is Diuretic?

What is Diuretic? Anything that promotes the formation of urine in the kidney is called diuretic. Literally, diuretic means to urinate thoroughly. The word is derived from the Greek words “dia”, which means thoroughly and “ourein” that means to urinate. Diuretics are sometimes known as “water pills” because it increases the drive of fluid removal [...]

What is HDL?

What is HDL? HDL is an abbreviated term for high-density lipoprotein. In layman’s term, HDL is what most people know as “good cholesterol”. LDL, which is the low-density lipoprotein, is the exact opposite of HDL. If the body needs HDL in high levels, LDL must be maintained at low levels. Although HDL is just one [...]

What is Kinesiology?

What is Kinesiology? Kinesiology is the same as human kinetics, which means the scientific study of human movement. The word is derived from the Greek word kinesis, which means movement and kinein that means to move. Kinesiology is a regulated health profession in Canada. Kinesiology focuses on every aspect of human movements. Physiological, mechanical and [...]

What is Reiki?

What is Reiki? In 1922, a Japanese Buddhist named Mikao Usui developed Reiki, a kind of spiritual practice. Reiki is classified as an oriental medicine. It makes use of palm healing as a form of alternative medicine. Practitioners of Reiki claim that the palms transfer healing energy in the form of ki. Reiki is used [...]

What is CPT Codes?

What is CPT Codes? In 1966, the American Medical Association or AMA decided to come up with a coding system that would be used in record keeping. The initial purpose was to record the cause of death in patients and help in identifying which were the leading causes of death. Today the codes are still [...]

What is Diet?

What is Diet? Most people do not normally think about the importance of nutrition until they encounter health problems. When this happens, the next step is to visit a doctor who is very likely to recommend that a nutritionist is involved in helping address the issue. The nutritionist will begin by looking at your current [...]

What is Homeostasis?

What is Homeostasis? Nature is perfection. Without any external influences such as those that man has exerted on nature, all this were meant to work in perfect order, balance and harmony. This is not only true when applying to the external environments. It also applies to internal environments in all naturally occurring things, plants and [...]

What is Normal Blood Pressure?

What is Normal Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is one of the most vital signs of health or lack of it. Upon visiting a medical center, one of the initial examinations carried out on every patient is the taking of their blood pressure. Blood pressure is as a result of the heart pumping blood and resistance [...]

What is Ovulation?

What is Ovulation? The subject of reproduction is both interesting and amazing. Plants and animals alike have two main forms of reproduction, which are asexual and sexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction means that the offspring is produced by a single parent and only has the genes that are in the parent. Asexual reproduction on the other [...]

What is Amyblyopia?

What is Amyblyopia? Amblyopia, pronounced (am-blee-oh-pee-ah), is commonly referred to as “lazy eye”. Amyblyopia is a condition of the eye that can cause poor vision or complete loss of. This condition is the most common cause of vision loss in the under 40-age group, more than all other diseases combined. Nearly 2-3 out of every [...]

What is Diuresis?

What is Diuresis? Diuresis, often referred to as polyuria, is a condition where the kidneys increase the production of urine beyond what is considered within the normal range. Normally, the increase in urine production leads to an increase in urination. In general, diuresis is not a serious condition. However, when the extra urine is not [...]

What is Dilation?

What is Dilation? Dilation is the enlargement or widening of objects. In medicine, dilation is the enlargement of a hollow opening or structure, such as the esophagus or the cervix. The direct opposite of dilation is contraction, which means an object collapsing upon itself, making it smaller. The word dilation is derived from the Latin [...]

What is IUI?

What is IUI? IUI stands for Intra Uterine Insemination, an process that helps couples with fertility problems conceive. IUI is an outpatient procedure wherein healthy washed sperm (sperm removed from other components of the seminal fluid) from the father (which can be freshly ejaculated or thawed from being frozen), is introduced to the female uterus [...]

What is Zumba Fitness?

What is Zumba Fitness? Zumba Fitness is a fitness company which started the Latin inspired fitness regimen called the Zumba program. Zumba Fitness blends Latin-inspired dance aerobic moves with international music created by renowned, award winning music producers. Established in 2001, Zumba Fitness now claims to be training more than 10 million people in its [...]

What is Iatrogenic?

What is Iatrogenic? Iatrogenic refers to “being caused by the action of doctors and/or surgeons”. Results of these actions are referred to as “Iatrogenic Conditions” or “Iatrogenesis”. Iatrogenesis is a result of various mistakes committed by medical personnel during the treatment process. Iatrogenesis may be caused by the doctor’s negligence, medical misadventure, lack of medical [...]

What is Amalgam?

What is Amalgam? Amalgam, also referred to as “silver fillings”, is the most commonly used material to fill cavities or tooth decay. This substance has been used in dentistry for more than 100 years. But concerns had been raised in relation to the usage of amalgam because of its mercury content. Though amalgam actually has [...]

What is Dilantin?

What is Dilantin? Dilantin has the generic name of Phenytoin and is often referred to as an anticonvulsant. It is an anti-epileptic drug in which the main mechanism is to delay impulses in the brain that may cause seizures. Seizures are sudden malfunctions of the brain that may cause a patient to convulse, collapse, or [...]

What is DHEA Hormone?

What is DHEA Hormone? DHEA stands for dehydroepiandrosterone. It is a hormone secreted by the body mainly through the adrenal glands. It is said to be the source or precursor of androgens, estrogens, and progesterone – the male and female sex hormones. DHEA levels in the body peak at around age 25 and may start [...]

What is DHEA?

What is DHEA? DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) is commonly used to help patients with SLE. It’s been proven to help reduce fatigue, improve thinking difficulties, and help improve the quality of life. DHEA is a steroid hormone that acts like testosterone and converts into testosterone and estrogen. DHEA can be found in plants and converted into supplements, [...]

What is FVC?

What is FVC? FVC stands for Forced Vital Capacity. It is the amount of air (usually expressed in liters) that a person is able to exhale forcefully and rapidly after a maximal inhalation. It is part of a procedure called “Spirometry” which deals with lung function testing. To measure Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), a person [...]

What is Amaranth?

What is Amaranth? Amaranth is an herbal plant that has much purpose and had been used by many countries. A thousand years ago, Mesoamerican Indians cultivated this staple food. Many people mistaken amaranth as grain. However, the truth is it is a seed that contains an unbelievable amount of nutritional content. It was known to [...]

What is Diflucan?

What is Diflucan? Diflucan is known as Flucazone in its generic name and it is used as an antifungal antibiotic. Diflucan is prescribed to patients that need treatment for infections caused by fungus. This fungus infection is known to attack various parts of the body. It can go from any part such as the mouth, [...]

What is Dilaudid?

What is Dilaudid? Dilaudid is a brand name for hydromorphone, which belongs to a group of medication known as narcotic pain relievers. The group of drug is also known as opioids, which is very much similar to morphine. This drug is recommended for those people who are experiencing moderate to extreme pain. Dilaudid works on [...]

What is Ketosis?

What is Ketosis? Is ketosis life-threatening or dangerous? Many people get confused when they hear the word ketosis. Many written documents would say that ketosis puts the body at a dangerous state. This is the reason why most people conclude that being in ketosis is not normal. Ketosis is merely referring to the body utilizing [...]

What is Zoloft?

What is Zoloft? Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride) is a drug, which is prescribed by doctors as remedy for depression and other social anxiety disorders. The drug is created and produced by the well known pharmaceutical company, Pfizer. Zoloft is actually an antidepressant drug, which is included in group of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [...]

What is a fibroid?

What is a fibroid? Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that develop in the uterus commonly during a woman’s fertile years (between 30 and 50). Also called as fibromyoma, myoma, or uterine fibroma, they vary in size from just a few centimeters to up to 15 centimeters or more. There are four types of fibroids namely [...]

What is Androgen?

What is Androgen? Androgen is part of many groups of hormones related to the male reproductive system’s development. Part of the group – steroid hormones, androgens can be naturally produced by the body or can be synthetically manufactured in the form of an injectable, a patch, or a pill. The most active and abundant androgen [...]

What is DHD?

What is DHD? What does DHD mean? DHD stands for “diabetic heart disease” and it is all about the disease of the heart that could possibly develop in people with diabetes. People that are diagnosed with diabetes are considered to have a higher risk in developing heart disease. They may also be considered to have [...]

What is Dying?

What is Dying? Dying is the process that occurs just before a person dies. As many people say, death is a journey of a person to another world. A person approaches death uniquely and that everybody will have his or her own distinctive way. Many people fear of dying. To some it is just something [...]

What is EGD?

What is EGD? EGD stands for esophagogastrodudenoscopy and it pertains to a visual inspection of the esophagus, the stomach and upper duodenum. The procedure is done by inserting a flexible endoscope down the throat. An endoscope is a small camera that functions as a tool to examine the internal organs. When undergoing EGD, a patient [...]

What is Gallbladder?

What is Gallbladder? Have you ever wondered how the body digests the food that it consumes? The human body is composed of many parts, organs and systems. The system responsible for digestion is the digestive system. The digestive system is composed of organs that are all equally important to complete the function of the system. [...]

What is Glycemic Index?

What is Glycemic Index? Glycemic index is a type of measurement that determines how quick a food breaks down and how it likely raises your blood sugar. Glycemic index or GI is measured in weight by gram. A high glycemic index would indicate that glucose or blood sugar will quickly rise. Same is true when [...]

What is KS?

What is KS? Kaposis Sarcoma or KS is a type of disease that can be likened to cancer. KS was initially discovered and commonly affecting aged men with a racial background of Mediterranean or Eastern European. Kaposis Sarcoma is also known to affect men from Africa and other people who are characterized by a weak [...]

What is Dhea Supplement?

What is Dhea Supplement? DHEA is the short form of 5-dehydroepiandosterone.DHEA is a hormone which is produced naturally in humans. DHEA is being produced by the adrenal glands. Scientists have not been able to discover all the functions performed by DHEA in the human body. DHEA serves as a precursor to the male sex hormone [...]

What is Larynx?

What is Larynx? Larynx is an organ situated in the neck of mammals. It is also known as the voice box and Adam’s apple. This organ serves as an air passage to the lungs. The function of this organ involves production of sound and protection of trachea. The vocal cords are situated in the larynx. [...]

What is IBS?

What is IBS? IBS is a short form of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This disorder mostly affects the smooth functioning of the bowels. This is also named as Spastic Colon. There will be a change in the normal functions of the colon. The main symptoms of the disorder are pain in the abdomen and muscular cramps [...]

What is Ambien?

What is Ambien? There are a number of different reasons why people suffer from insomnia. These reasons are broadly categorized as either being psychological, physical or as a result of temporary factors and events. Regardless of the cause of insomnia which is a condition that causes extended and chronic lack of sleep in a patient. [...]

What is Mobic?

What is Mobic? Mobic is a drug for use in various arthritic diseases. It is of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory type and is prescribed for pain and inflammation present in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Mobic, has the generic name of “meloxicam”, is manufactured by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals and got its US Food and Drug Authority approval [...]

What is Ditropan used for?

What is Ditropan used for? Ditropan is a prescription drug specifically used for those with problems in the urinary bladder. It is prescribed to treat or decrease symptoms of bladder over-activity, like frequent urination and incontinence. Ditropan has the generic name of oxybutynin chloride. It is the main drug used in the management and treatment [...]

What is Ferrous Sulfate?

What is Ferrous Sulfate? Ferrous Sulfate is classified as an iron preparation indicated for the prevention and treatment of iron-deficiency anemia, a condition wherein there are too few red blood cells inside one’s body. This condition may be due to poor diet, pregnancy, excess bleeding, or other medical problems. Ferrous sulfate is also used as [...]

What is BFC?

What is BFC? Benign Febrile Convulsions or BFC are seizures that usually accompany fever symptoms in kids up to 5 years of age. When a particular kid has high temperature or high fever, he/she is said to be febrile, and some form of shivering or convulsion may result from this. During a seizure or convulsion, [...]

What is Mycobacteria?

What is Mycobacteria? Mycobacteria are types of bacteria belonging to the Order Actinomycetales and Family Mycobacteriaceae. There are more than 70 species of this genus of bacteria, but the two most common and major pathogens are Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the one that causes T.B.) and Mycobacterium leprae (the one that causes leprosy). Most mycobacteria can be [...]

What is HCT?

What is HCT? HCT is the abbreviation used for hematocrit, or erythrocyte volume fraction (EVF) or packed cell volume (PCV), which refers to the percentage of blood that holds red blood cells. To understand it better, take for example a hematocrit of 30%. This would mean 30 milliliters of red blood cells is contained in [...]

What are Amino Acids?

What are Amino Acids? Amino acids are the basic and functional building units of proteins. The biological and chemical activity of an amino acid depends on its structure. In proteins amino acids are usually arranged in straight chains. An amino acid is made up of the elements Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen. Amino acids are [...]

What is DGL-Licorice?

What is DGL-Licorice? DGL stands for deglycyrrhizinated licorice. In this form, the compound glycyrrhizin or glycyrrhizinic acid is removed from the herb licorice. DGL is said to be very effective in digestive tract problems like stomach or peptic ulcers. This particular herbal medicine can be consumed in powder form, tablets, and capsules. It may also [...]

What is Immune System?

What is Immune System? Immune system is an important part of the human body. Without this system, humans will be constrained to live in a germ-free environment. People will not be able to touch one another as it may trigger the spread of a disease. People will be confined in a sterile area and will [...]

What is Meiosis?

What is Meiosis? Meiosis is the process of cell division among reproductive cells. This process will then give rise to “gametes” in animals and “spores” in plants. Gametes are cells that combine together to form another cell as part of sexual reproduction. In human reproduction, gametes contain the chromosomes and DNA that determines a child’s [...]

What is CrossFit?

What is CrossFit? CrossFit is an exercise program that combines strength training and endurance workouts. It is designed as a general workout that anybody, regardless of background or experience, can participate in. If one’s goal is to have a total body workout, then CrossFit may just be the exercise program for him/her. The CrossFit training [...]