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What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is a disease that is caused by an infected tick. At least three species of bacteria are identified to cause Lyme disease. These bacteria are typically transmitted from ticks to humans and cause the infection. Many people associate Lyme disease with arthritic conditions because many patients that get infected have similar symptoms. Children […]

What is diclofenac sodium?

Diclofenac sodium is a drug that is commonly prescribed for patients with arthritis-related conditions. It’s a prescription-only drug which simply means that this drug is not available on an over-the-counter basis. The basic action of this drug is to relieve the pain and swelling that is commonly associated in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis among others. […]

What is a kidney stone?

A kidney stone refers to mineralized stone that is formed inside the kidney or other nearby structures like the urinary tract. This stone is formed from the minerals or crystal build-up in the kidneys after it separates from the urine that is excreted. Over time, this build-up of minerals will form into stones which can […]

What is dehydration?

Dehydration refers to a state wherein the body has lost a lot of body fluids. When the intake of water and other fluids is lower than what the body uses, people will get dehydration. In mild cases, immediate intake of water and other electrolytes may ease the symptoms associated with such a condition. In severe […]

What is hematology?

Hematology refers to the study of blood and its components. This is the branch of medicine that also involves the study and treatment of blood-related abnormalities and health concerns. Doctors who specialize in this field are referred to as hematologists. A licensed hematologist is in-charge of diagnosing blood-related illnesses. He/she is also responsible for formulating […]

What is ASD?

ASD is short for Autism Spectrum Disorder and it refers to a group of illnesses involving abnormalities in brain development. ASD or autism does not correspond to a single type of brain development disorder but rather refers to a variety of complex illnesses that have a common characteristic which is abnormal brain development. When a […]

What is crank?

Crank is a slang term for a drug called crystal methamphetamine. Many people use the term crack for a type of crystal meth that is considered less pure. Crank can be found still in powder or crystallized form and may be ingested orally or through the nose. The oral route may either use crank in […]

What is GC Mi?

GC Mi refers to dental product from GC Corporation. GC Mi is sold in paste form and contains “Recaldent” as its main active ingredient. GC Mi is said to be very effective for people who have very sensitive tooth. By applying GC Mi paste, tooth sensitivity will be relieved. The GC Mi paste is commonly […]

What is arrested development?

Arrested development refers to a term that has several meanings depending on the industry or field it is being used. In the medical field for example, arrested development literally refers to a condition wherein physical development has stopped. Patients who have medical conditions that are characterized by physical development concerns are often referred to as […]

What is muscular dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy is a collection of diseases that are inherited where the muscles that are in charge of controlling movements referred to as voluntary muscles weaken over time. In some cases, the organs like the heart also get affected by this disease. Muscular dystrophy comes in nine kinds or forms—Duchenne, Myotonic, Limb-girdle, Becker, Congenital, Facioscapulohumeral, […]

What is Suboxone?

Suboxone is a narcotic drug that combines naloxone and buprenorphine. Naloxene is an opioid medicine or a narcotic that is capable of reversing the effects of other opioid medicines. Suboxone is usually given to patients who are suffering from addiction to opiate. Contrary to popular belief, this drug cannot be used to relieve patients from […]

What is Pyruvate?

Pyruvate comes from the term pyruvate acid which has a major role in sugar metabolism also known as glycolosis. The body normally can synthesize from glucose but some food and beverages can help greatly in breaking down glucoses such as dark beer, red wine and red apples, among others. Pyruvate also comes in the form […]

What is FAP?

FAP stands for familial adenomatous polyposis, an illness that is inherited which puts patients at a high-risk of developing colon cancer at an early stage. People who suffer from FAP start having polyps or the mushroom-like, tiny growth within their rectum and colon when they are teenagers. For some, these polyps develop at a much […]

What is BMR?

BMR stands for basal metabolic rate which measures the energy expenditure of an organism while at rest. An organism does not digest any food when resting and as such, the BMT the level of energy that allows the body of the organism to retain life. The humans’ organs function and use roughly 70 percent of […]

What is Myocarditis?

Myocarditis is a rare ailment caused by a virus or an immune response that is self-directed in persons who have autoimmune conditions such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis where their immune system tends to attack the body. In some cases, autoimmune conditions can affect the heart leading to myocarditis. Some uncommon cases are associated with […]

What is Myelopathy?

Myelopathy is a term used to refer to the pathology of a spinal cord that occurs as a result of trauma. In simple terms, Myelopathy is an injury of the spinal cord. In the event that the injury gets an inflammation, it is referred to as myelitis. When the nature of the ailment is vascular, […]

What is Levaquin?

Levaquin refers to a drug used for treating bacterial infections on the skin, kidneys, prostate, bladder or sinuses. Levaquin also treats bacterial infections that lead to pneumonia and bronchitis and is also used for treating exposure to plaque and anthrax. Before using Levaquin, it is important to let the doctor know whether a patient has […]

What is Bullying?

Bullying refers to the act of hurting or scaring another person intentionally. The person who experiences bullying usually finds it difficult to defend him or herself. Most children are aware of what bullying is since they witness is each day. Bullying is intended to make the other person to feel uncomfortable and afraid. There are […]

What is a Chloride Blood Test?

A Chloride Blood Test is an examination conducted as part of a more detailed metabolic test. In the human body, chloride serves as an electrolyte that is important in maintaining a proper balance between acid or base and fluid. The metabolic test also checks the amount of other electrolytes found in the body such as […]

What is PKU?

PKU is the acronym for Phenylketonuria, a rare condition that generally affects a person’s health by increasing the amount of phenylalanine in the blood. An individual who has this kind of disease encounters difficulty in the breakdown of essential amino acids. PKU is often hereditary and can occur in babies. It is mainly caused by […]

What is malaise?

Malaise is a certain feeling of uneasiness or discomfort. A person who is in malaise usually experience being slightly unwell or “out of sorts.” Oftentimes, doctors treat malaise as an indication of infection or other diseases. Malaise has no particular symptom and is one of the gray areas in health and medicine. However, numerous diseases […]

What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a technique used in psychotherapy to address certain emotional dysfunctions. It is also known as a systematic procedure used in helping people recover from extreme emotional stress and maladaptive behaviors. Other medical terms are also used to refer to cognitive behavioral therapy such as self-instructions or motivational self-talk. It is […]

What is BHA?

BHA or butylated hydroxyanisole is a substance derived from isobutylene and 4-methoxyphenol. This substance is commonly used as a food preservative. Its main action is to prevent food from spoiling by means of its anti-oxidant properties. Food will naturally spoil and have bad odors when they are stored for long periods. By adding BHA, the […]

What is eccentricity?

Eccentricity refers to odd or unusual character or behavior. People with very peculiar conduct are said to be eccentric. Behavior that deviates from the norms of the society is said to be the main definition of eccentricity. On the positive side, eccentricity may make other people think that one is mysterious, a genius, or very […]

What is exercise science?

Exercise Science is a bachelor’s degree program in college that is focused on health and exercise. This program is good for people who wish to study the health effects of exercise on the body. Earning a degree in exercise science can lead to careers related to wellness promotion, athletics supervision, exercise therapy, and personal training […]

What is ICD-10?

ICD-10 refers to the 10th edition or version of ICD or the International Classification of Diseases as published by the World Health Organization. ICD-10 basically contains alpha-numeric codes for diseases which are classified in different sections. Each disease contained in ICD-10 has its corresponding code and supporting details. These details include the disease’s signs and […]

What is body composition?

Body composition refers to the basic muscle and fat contents or percentage of the body. When a person is asked about his/her body composition, he/she is simply being asked about how much is his/her body is made of muscle and how much is fat. Some people also include the bone or skeletal component but mostly […]

What is casein?

Casein is a type of protein that can be found in milk. Cow’s milk for example contains about 80% casein while milk from humans can contain 20-45% casein. Other mammals’ milk also contains this protein that provides essential amino acids for the body. Many protein supplements contain casein as the active ingredient because of the […]

What is HG?

HG stands for hyperemesis gravidarum which is a medical condition suffered by those who are pregnant. Those who are suffering from HG suffer from weight loss, vomiting, extreme nausea and even disturbance in their electrolytes. Those who are experiencing mild HG undergo changes in their diet as well as prescribed to take some rest and […]

What is Erythropoietin?

Erythropoietin refers to a type of hormone that is responsible for facilitating the bone marrow’s production of red blood cells. This hormone is produced by the kidney when the cells that produce erythropoietin sense low levels of oxygen in the blood. Low levels of oxygen may be a symptom of anemia, which is a condition […]

What is Anhedonia?

Anhedonia is a term used in the field of medicine, which refers to a person’s inability to experience pleasure. Those who have anhedonia were unable to feel joy even from activities that are normally regarded as pleasurable. Furthermore, those who suffer from this condition are unable to force themselves to enjoy any activity that will […]

What is Lipitor?

Lipitor is a generic term for atorvastatin. Atorvastatin is a member of a group of drugs known as HMG CoA reductase statins or inhibitors. These drugs bring down levels of LDL or bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the bloodstream and at the time, they increase amounts of HDL or good cholesterol. Lipitor is mostly used […]

What is Morning Sickness?

Morning sickness refers to a pregnancy condition associated with nausea and vomiting that affects more than fifty percent of pregnant women. Morning sickness is also referred to as nausea gravidarum or emesis gravidarum. It is manifested in feelings of nausea, fatigue and vomiting. Women who are under the hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy may […]

What is Jelqing?

Jelqing is a term used to refer to the exercise taken with the aim of increasing the size of a penis naturally. The jelqing process starts with stimulating the flow of blood in a penis using a warm rag and the penis wanged in a semi-erect form. With lubricated hands, the index and thumb fingers […]

What is iFit?

iFit refers to a system of programmed workout cards that are inserted in elliptical machines and treadmills in order to provide workouts that are considered truly interactive. It is an online program designed to work well with new modules developed by Nordictrack. A person with an elliptical machine, a treadmill or a t stationery bike […]

What is HLH?

HLH stands for Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. This refers to a form of rare disease wherein the body’s immune system does not function properly. The white blood cells called lymphocytes and histiocytes attack the other blood cells and may also cause enlargement of the liver and spleen when they get accumulated in these organs. HLH commonly affects […]

What is Coagulation?

Coagulation simply refers to the clotting of the blood, which is essential for stopping the bleeding when a person has suffered from a damage or injury to the blood vessels. Coagulation is a complex process that involves several steps. The initial step in coagulation is the constriction of the damaged blood vessel, such that the […]

What is Atenolol?

Atenolol refers to a type of drug classified under beta-blockers, which is a group of drugs that produces effects in the heart and circulation of the blood. Atenolol is primarily used for the treatment of angina or chest pains, as well as high blood pressure or hypertension. Furthermore, it is also utilized for the prevention […]

What is Arginine?

Arginine refers to an important amino acid, which is also called L-arginine because of its L-structure. This substance plays a significant role in various metabolic processes of the body, and is effective for treating high blood pressure and heart problems. Some of the benefits that it can bring include enhancing the blood circulation, making wounds […]

What is egfr?

Introduction: An abbreviation of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate, egfr is a number that is obtained through a blood test conducted for the measurement of creatinine in the human blood. The basic purpose of estimating the glomerular filtration rate is to get to know that how well your kidneys are functioning. In order to detect any […]

What is Low Blood Sugar?

What is Implantation Bleeding like?

Implantation bleeding happens when a fertilized egg attaches to the uterus wall. For a woman looking to conceive, implantation bleeding often signifies the wellness of a pregnancy. However, one needs to carefully examine the kind of bleeding that happens to be certain that it is implantation bleeding. Implantation bleeding occurs in about one third of […]

What is ANA?

ANA is the acronym for Anti-Nuclear Antibodies. ANA refers to a test conducted to detect antinuclear antibodies in the blood. The immune system of a person generates antibodies that help fight infection. When antibodies identify foreign proteins that have infectious organisms within the system, they recruit cells and other proteins to fight the infection off. […]

What is DID?

DID is an abbreviation of Dissociative Identity Disorder. DID refer to a mental ailment where a patient experiences two distinct personalities or identities. Each personality has its own way of relating and viewing the world in a consistent manner. In some cases, DID patients have been seen to have identities that exhibit a completely different […]

What is iodine?

Iodine is a chemical substance that is needed by the body for various functions. In the case of the thyroid gland, iodine is needed in the production of T3 and T4 hormones which are essential in the body’s metabolism regulation and other processes. These same hormones are also part of various processes involving bone and […]

What is melanoma?

Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer that is considered as the most dangerous type of skin cancer. Melanoma is characterized by the development of cancerous growth that when left unrepaired can cause damage to the cells of the skin. Damage to the skin is often dues to the radiation of the ultraviolet rays from […]

What is Hidradenitis suppurativa?

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a medical condition that affects the skin since those suffering from it have very small to at least marble-size lumps under their skins. It is a chronic medical condition. Many refer to this skin disease as acne inversa. The lumps usually develop in groin and armpits, in areas where the skin rubs […]

What is hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is a medical condition that affects the liver and brought about by a virus. If left untreated, hepatitis C can cause damage to a liver that is irreversible such as liver failure, cirrhosis and liver cancer. It is common for patients to be unaware that they have this medical condition. There are also […]

What is graves disease?

Graves disease is a medical condition involving the thyroid and is the number one cause of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is an illness where excessive hormones are produced by thyroid glands. Graves disease explained The thyroid glands secrete hormones that control over the metabolism of a person. When the thyroid glands release excessive hormone, and then a […]

What is gouty arthritis?

Gouty arthritis is a type of arthritis where a patient suffers from immediate and pressing joint pains accompanied with warmth, redness and swelling of the areas affected. This type of arthritis strikes one joint at each time. The most common joints that are attacked are the big toes also referred to as podagora. It can […]

What is Edward’s syndrome?

Edward’s syndrome is a medical condition where a person has an excess chromosome 18 and as such, this illness is also referred to as trisomy 18. This disease is very severe, and the organs in the body can be affected because of this condition. Edward’s syndrome is a common autosomal trisomy. In fact, it is […]

What is Diclofenac?

Diclofenac is a drug that can help relieve various aches and pains in the body. This drug is a member of the NSAID group or the so-called “non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs”. As this name suggests, diclofenac functions to target the inflammation that is causing the pain in various cases such as rheumatoid and osteoarthritis among many […]

What is glycolysis?

Glycolysis refers to a metabolic process that involves the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate or pyruvic acid. Food taken in by the body will include glucose, a type of sugar that basically comes from carbohydrate. Food items such as rice, bread, and ice cream are carbohydrate-rich foods and provide the body with energy in the […]

What is a nucleus?

In eukaryotic cells like those present in animals and human beings, the nucleus is the most prominent and important organelle. It is typically rounded or oval in shape and situated somewhere at the center of the cell. The nucleus in animal cells for example is responsible for various essential processes like gene expression and DNA […]

What is pyloric stenosis?

Pyloric stenosis refers to the medical condition affecting the gastrointestinal tract of an infant. This condition causes the babies to vomit vigorously that can result in fluid and salt imbalances as well as dehydration. It is important that the patient get immediate treatment for this disease. Pyloric stenosis explained Pyloric stenosis happens when the pylorus […]

What is Bovine colostrums?

Bovine colostrum is the fluid produced by the mammary glands of a cow before milking. Bovine colostrum is produced within the first two to four days after the cow has given birth. It is a beneficial fluid as it can provide nutrients, growth and immune factors to the infant. Bovine colostrum is traditionally used for […]

What are cucumbers for?

Cucumbers are for those who want to eat healthy food as this is considered as one of the most nutritious food for the entire body. Cucumbers are considered to be one of the vegetables that is most cultivated in the entire world; the fourth in fact. Health benefits of cucumbers Cucumbers are good sources of […]

What is Hot Yoga?

Hot yoga simply refers to performing yoga routines in a heated room. This type of yoga workout has gained its popularity in North American regions because of the various benefits that it can bring. One of the major benefits of hot yoga includes the detoxification of harmful toxins due to heavy sweating. In addition, it […]

What is Medicare?

Medicare refers to the health insurance program which can cover for different expenses related to healthcare. This program is implemented by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, which is a part of the Department of Health & Human Services of the United States. The people who serve as beneficiaries in this program are usually […]

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia refers to a condition wherein the prostate gland in men becomes enlarged. This condition is considered common and normal for men as they get older. The enlargement of the prostate gland is considered benign and does not lead to a malignant tumor. The problem with BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia is that […]

What is Meniere’s disease?

Meniere’s disease is a disorder affecting the ear. It causes weird sensation of spinning motion, also known as vertigo, which may develop further in the loss of hearing sense. Sometimes, it is accompanied with a constant ringing in the ear and the feeling of having pressure inside the eardrums. This type of disease commonly occurs […]

What is DNC?

DNC is the short form of Dilation and Curettage. DNC is mostly written as D&C and refers to a short surgical process involving dilation of the cervix and the uterine lining scraped using s special instrument. Having an idea of what the DNC process involves before undergoing it goes a long way in easing a […]

What Is Bruxism?

Bruxism refers to a habit that is exhibited by about ten percent of world’s population. It is mainly manifested by grinding teeth and clenching jaws. As a result of this friction, the teeth break and wear our and the jaws are disorder ed causing pain as well as limited movement. Headaches are also experienced by […]

What is BAC?

BAC is the abbreviation for Blood Alcohol Concentration. BAC generally refers to the measure of alcohol levels in a human body. Usually BAC is expressed in terms of alcohol grams in each 100 milliliters of blood. For instance, where the BAC is 0.05, it means that alcohol content in each 100 milliliters of blood is […]

What is Pycnogenol?

Pycnogenol refers to the registered trademark name of a product in the US which is made from the pine bark of Pinus Pinaster. Additionally, pycnogenol can also be derived from witch hazel bark, grape seed, and peanut skin. This substance is used for the treatment of different medical conditions, such as problems with blood circulation, […]

What is Lorazepam Used For?

Lorazepam refers to a kind of medication, which is also popular as benzodiazepine. The effects of this type of drug are on the central nervous system. Generally, it can boost the benefits of GABA, which is a neurotransmitter that is responsible for calming the muscles and nerves of the body. Although the medication can lead […]

What is Public Health?

Public health refers to the science of improving and protecting families as well as the entire population by putting in place organized measures to prevent diseases and promoting healthy lifestyles for purposes of ensuring that life is prolonged. This is done through planning and conducting research with respect to diseases, injury prevention, detection and control […]

What is Bilirubin?

Bilirubin refers to yellow-brownish blood that is found in bile. To measure the amount of bilirubin, a bilirubin test is conducted on a blood sample. Bilirubin is generated from broken down red blood cells in the liver. It is excreted from the body via stool and is responsible to normalizing the color of stool. It […]

What Is Anorexia?

Anorexia refers to an eating syndrome that manifests as life-threatening weight loss and lack of appetite. The condition may also come as a result of excessive physical exercise. Persons who suffer from anorexia also tend to have bulimia, a condition where the affected person makes himself or herself vomit after taking a meal as way […]

What is Kidney Disease?

Introduction: Kidney is the most important organ of the human body, playing many life sustaining roles in the human body. It is a pair of two organs which are located above the waist. The basic function of the kidney is to clean the blood through the removal of excess fluid and waste. It also helps […]