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What is TLS?

Introduction: An abbreviation of Transport Layer Security, TLS is a security protocol that makes sure that there exists some privacy between the applications of communication and its users on the internet. The communication process occurs between a server and the client, and when the communication takes place, this protocol ensures that there is no leakage [...]

What is Debugging?

Introduction: Debugging is a process of identifying and removing the harmful errors known as bugs. These bugs are mostly found in the program code of computer or in the engineering or designing of the hardware device. A hardware device or a program is debugged following a couple of steps. Firstly, the problem is identified, and [...]

What is Criteria?

Criteria is a noun, the plural form of criterion which refers to a standard, rule or an established process used in, among other things, measuring, making, judging or selecting something. For instance, SAT scores are part of the college admission criteria. The term originated from Ancient Greek. The criterion for judgment specifies the aspect in [...]

What is LDAP?

LDAP is the acronym for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. It refers to a software protocol, which enables users to locate individuals, organizations, as well as devices and files in a particular network, whether on an intranet of a corporation or on public internet. LDAP is not only used for finding contact information and other types [...]

What is IMG?

IMG refers to image files that stores raw data on disks such as those in compact disks and DVDs. The IMG image files will carry the .IMG extension and may be stored onto an optical or magnetic disk using different file systems. A common file storage system for IMG files is called the FAT or [...]

What is ICMP?

ICMP stands for Internet Control Message Protocol and is one of many utilities that are part of the Internet Protocol suite. Many of the utilities under Internet Protocol basically perform different functions in the way computers interact with each other online or in a given network. Some utilities and layers are in-charge of data transfers [...]

What is an AMBER alert?

AMBER stands for America’s Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response and when this type of alert is implemented, it simply means that a child is missing or abducted in the US.  The AMBER alert is basically created to broadcast the details of the abducted child across the US in order to hasten the possible recovery efforts.  When [...]

What is JPX extension?

Files with JPX extension belong to JPEG 2000.  These files are image files created using the specifications and format of JPEG released in 2000.  JPEG or Joint Photographic Experts Group is a standard image file that is widely accepted around the world.  Many image files and pictures that are saved on people’s computers are saved [...]

What is GMW file?

GMW files are files associated with Global Mapper, a mapping software developed by Blue Marble Geographics.  GMW stands for Global Mapper workspace and files that have the GMW extension typically contain map-related data like images, layers of elevations, and projections among many other data. These files are the main files associated with the Global Mapper [...]

What is KRB5?

KRB5 refers to version 5 of the Kerberos protocol. Kerberos is a network authentication protocol developed by the MIT or Massachusetts Institute of Technology. With KRB5 or Kerberos version 5 implementation, client-server platforms or applications can be made secure through secret-key encryption technology. In order for access to be allowed to a particular server, strong [...]

What is IFax?

IFax refers to the way of sending fax or documents over the internet. The standard way of faxing or sending documents from one location to another is through telephone lines. In this standard and traditional way, both the sender and receiver of the fax message must have a telephone line in order to be able [...]

What is ARQ automatic repeat request?

In the field of networking and data transmissions, ARQ or automatic repeat requests are data transfer protocols that setups up an automatic request for re-transmission of data every time an error is detected. Under normal conditions, the transfer of data from one location to another is made through chunks or data packets. The bigger the [...]

What is FBX format?

FBX refer to proprietary files that belong to Autodesk Technology.  This file started out as a 3D file format for a program called MotionBuilder by the Kaydara group.  By 2006, the FBX file format is acquired by Autodesk and is basically used to allow easy interaction of tools in the 3D or three-dimensional environment. Through [...]

What is WPS format?

WPS format refer to files that are saved through the Microsoft works program.  This program is a document creation program similar to Microsoft Word but does not have several editing and formatting features.  Files saved with the WPS extension also do not contain mini-programs or macros which are standard to MS Word documents.  WPS files [...]

What is DNP3?

The full form of DNP3 is Distributed Network Protocol. It is a set of communication protocols implemented between parts in the process automation systems. The Distributed Network Protocol is mainly used by water and electric companies; this system is not usually used in other industries. DPN3 was developed for communication purposes between different types of [...]

What is MDF extension?

MDF extensions refer to file extensions that are associated with the database files of SQL servers.  MDF stands for Main Database File and uses the MDF extension for files that contain the main database of an SQL server like the one used under the Microsoft environment.  Under the Microsoft SQL server, MDF files typically contain [...]

What is FUP exceeded?

“FUP” stands for “Fair Usage Policy,” and it refers to a policy implemented by mobile or telecom operators, Internet, and broadband service providers to literally limit the usage of services by subscribers or customers.  When a particular customer, for example, has reached a certain limit for a particular service he/she is using, he/she may not [...]

What is CIFS?

What is CIFS? “CIFS” stands for “Common Internet File System,” and it represents a protocol that allows remote access of various files over a computer network.  With the CIFS protocol in place, people can basically share the use of files and printers over the same network without necessarily having to install individual software for each [...]

What is MCF?

What is MCF? “MCF” is the abbreviation for “multimedia container format.”  As its name suggests, this particular file is used to serve as some form of storage for multimedia files like images, audios, and videos.  Some media file formats are stored under the .AVI extension, and files under this format can be further enhanced through [...]

What is BJNP?

What is BJNP? “BJNP” refers to a printer protocol used by printers made by Canon wherein the accompanying installation software and drivers must be installed first before any printer can be used.  This specific printer protocol is said to be proprietary which simply means that each printer software has a particular license that is copyrighted [...]

What is an RMVB file extension?

What is an RMVB file extension? “RMVB” stands for “RealMedia Variable Bitrate,” and it refers to a file extension used for multimedia files that runs on a RealMedia player and other media players like Windows Media Player Classic, VLC Media Player, and MPlayer, among many others.  RMVB files differ from the more common RealMedia container [...]

What is MPIO?

What is MPIO? MPIO is a term used in the computer industry and it refers to multipath I/O. It is specifically designed to handle data storage and fetching from various storage devices using multiple paths. This computer storage feature comes as part of Windows Server 2008 and is aimed at improving overall computer performance. With [...]

What is IGS?

What is IGS? IGS refers to a file associated with IGES or Initial Graphics Exchange Specification. It is a graphics format for 2D and 3D vector images that is used by various CAD or computer-aided design applications for the purposes of saving and/or exporting data. The IGES file format has .IGS file extensions and it [...]

What is Active Directory?

What is Active Directory? Active Directory is Microsoft’s very own directory service. This refers to a system intended for managing computer directories. With Active Directory, one may be able to store information, organize data, and manage access rights to a particular directory. This directory service was said to be developed and created by Microsoft back [...]

What is FUSE?

What is FUSE? FUSE refers to “Filesystem in Userspace”, a kernel module designed to allow non-authenticated users to develop filing systems without having to change the codes in a particular kernel. This module is also developed for operating systems that are “Unix-like” or compatible with it. Even if a person does not know anything about [...]

What is MPP Extension?

What is MPP Extension? MPP is a file extension associated with Microsoft Project, a software developed and designed by Microsoft specifically for project management tasks. Through this software, users will get aid in formulating plans and tasks, allocating resources for particular projects, checking the progress of each individual task, and even analyzing and/or managing the [...]

What is CTB?

What is CTB? CTB refers to a file that is used in AutoCAD, a software for drawing and drafting. Specifically, a CTB file corresponds to a plot-style table that is dependent on color in the AutoCAD environment. When using AutoCAD, the CTB file is involved in instructing the application on how to plot specific drafts [...]

What is FAT32?

What is FAT32? FAT32 refers to the 32-bit version of FAT or File Allocation Table. FAT is a computer filing system typically used in a variety of portable devices including floppy disks, memory cards, and digital camera devices among others. This filing system is said to be very simple which is why it is commonly [...]

What is MKV Extension?

What is MKV Extension? MKV Extension refers to a file extension for the Matroska Multimedia Container. For its video (with audio) files, the actual file is given the “.MKV” extension. It is a file format similar to other media containers like MP4, AVI, and ASF among others. The main difference is that MKV is an [...]

What does AFP stand for?

What does AFP stand for? AFP stands for Apple Filing Protocol, a type of network protocol developed by Apple Computers to allow users to share files with other people connected to a particular network. This protocol can be applied to computers running on the older Mac OS and the more recent Mac OS X. Under [...]

What is ISSCH.exe?

What is ISSCH.exe? ISSCH.exe refers to the “service scheduler” function of the InstallShield utility. It basically functions to update several programs that are previously installed on a person’s computer. Usually what happens is that the ISSCH.exe is activated to perform an automatic search for updates to a program that is recently in use. Programs or [...]

What is VFW?

What is VFW? VFW stands for “Video for Windows” and it refers to Microsoft’s multi-media framework that is designed to handle or process digital video data. Through VFW, Microsoft’s operating system – Windows is able to play and/or display video files. “Video for Windows” is sometimes referred to as VCM or Video Compression Manager and [...]

What is a CBR File?

What is a CBR File? A CBR file is a comic book archive file. It is sometimes referred to as a comic book reader file and it serves the purpose of viewing images on comic books sequentially. A typical CBR file is composed of several graphic or image files that are stored into one RAR [...]

What Is LRF File?

What Is LRF File? If you are not familiar of the LRF or the Linker Response File, it is primarily because this has not been documented well. There is only very little known facts related to it. The LRF format is used by Sony for their e- readers products. Up to now, there were efforts [...]

What Is XML?

What Is XML? You might already know for a fact that there are different sets of computer languages. However, if you are looking for a language that is in a simple form and is popular for its usability and simplicity over the net, you might be searching for XML. XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. [...]

What is SQL?

What is SQL? The term SQL has now become more popular in database computer language. The term SQL actually refers to Structured Query Language. It is designed in order to manage data assigned in Regional Database Management Systems or RDBMS. This is a unique computer language since it does not necessarily adhere to the relational [...]

What is XHTML?

What is XHTML? XHTML or Extensible Hypertext Markup Language is a “stricter” form of HTML and is actually an application of XML (Extensible Markup Language) which complements HTML by adding more functionality to the codes. While HTML is more concerned with how a webpage looks like, XML complements it by taking care of data transport [...]

What is Dojo?

What is Dojo? Dojo or Dojo Toolkit is a Javascript library developed by the Dojo Foundation. This “toolkit” is mainly used in the making of dynamic types of web user interfaces and works on any web browser or platform. With its component widgets, Dojo provides interactivity to web browsers and user interfaces. Dojo is also [...]

What is a XML File?

What is a XML File? XML stands for “Extensible Markup Language”. It is a type of markup language similar to HTML or HyperText Markup Language but it serves a different purpose. HTML codes are written for the purpose of displaying data while XML codes are intended for describing, transporting, and/or storing data. XML files are [...]

What is a MHT file?

What is a MHT file? A MHT file refers to a MIME HTML or MHTML file, an archived webpage containing details like text, graphics, animations, Java applets, and even audio files. MHT files are created usually by browsers like Internet Explorer and Opera when users save the webpage onto their computers. MIME HTML or MHTML [...]

What is iFrame?

What is iFrame? IFrame is short for inline frame. It is a HTML document that is found inside of another HTML document on websites. It is most common used is to add content from other places to a website. A good example of this would be an advertisement. Some people get it confused with an [...]

What is Wav?

What is Wav? Wav is a well-known and common term used in the computer industry. It basically means Waveform Audio File or in its much simpler form is known as wave file. However, a much easier term is referred to as .wav file or extension format. This type of format is a general term utilized [...]

What is Rps.exe?

What is Rps.exe? Rps.exe is the term used to describe a certain program file which is basically associated with the antivirus application called the NTLworld Netguard Anti-Virus. It is basically referred to as an important file which is a prerequisite to launch the equally important NTL Netguard application. This executable file is vital to provide [...]

What is DXF?

What is DXF? DXF stands for Drawing Exchange Format or it is also coined as Drawing Interchange Format. It refers to an open sourced or CAD data file format which was created and developed in 1982 by Autodesk. The main purpose of this system is to enable the interoperability of the data. This is applicable [...]

What is OData?

What is OData? OData is short for Open Data Protocol, a web system that allows for open sharing of data. With this web-based protocol, users can inquire about a particular data and make updates on it with fewer restrictions as the protocol allows for interoperability between a variety of applications and services. OData is also [...]

What is NMSRVC?

What is NMSRVC? NMSRVC refers to the “Network Magic Service” file from Pure Networks, Inc. When people encounter this file, it usually comes with the file extension .exe which means it is an executable file or a running application. It is also common to encounter this file when a particular user views the Windows Task [...]

What is an OFT File?

What is an OFT File? OFT files refer to Outlook File Templates. So, basically users can make templates using OFT files in Microsoft Outlook. Email templates may be necessary for some people to save time in writing and re-writing content. Like when somebody is asked to give regular email updates to team members in a [...]

What is IVE?

What is IVE? IVE stands for Instant Virtual Extranet and it is a platform used by Juniper Network’s SSL VPN products offered for small companies and large enterprises. The IVE platform uses SSL or Secure Sockets Layer technology which is the standard protocol used by internet browsers for its security features. Through SSL technology, data [...]

What is NMDB?

What is NMDB? NMDB or Network Management Database is a type of network database that supports various protocols in interacting and communicating with clients. It is part of the Samba suite of products that allows for interoperability between different platforms like Windows, UNIX, and Linux. Protocols that are supported by NMDB include TCP or Transmission [...]

What is UKI?

What is UKI? UKI is a JavaScript based user interface toolkit that helps users create various web applications that look like a typical desktop. This particular JavaScript toolkit is said to be very simple and user-friendly allowing for a very quick applications creation. Through a process called progressive rendering, the use of UKI allows a [...]

What is ORM?

What is ORM? ORM stands for Object-relational mapping and it refers to a technique in computer programming wherein the data is converted from differing incompatible type systems in languages that are object-oriented. This allows for manipulation of data within the particular programming language using a virtual type of object database. ORMs may be created by [...]

What is Kerberos?

What is Kerberos? Kerberos is a MIT-developed system or protocol for computer network authentication. Using a process or technique called secret-key cryptography, Kerberos features a very strong authentication system for various applications that run in a particular network. With Kerberos, various nodes are required to undergo an authentication process even if it is part of [...]

What is OWC11?

What is OWC11? OWC stands for Office Web Component and OWC11 is part of Microsoft’s Office 2003 software application. OWCs are actually OLE or Object Linking and Embedding components designed to function as the Active X controls for a variety of Microsoft’s applications and programs like Office 2003, Office XP, and Office 2000. A typical [...]

What is JOP?

What is JOP? JOP stands for “Java Optimized Processor”. The JOP is a hardware implementation of a Java Virtual Machine. The JOP allows for a small hardware JVM to be embedded in real-time systems. One of the features of JOP is the ability to predict execution time of Java byte codes. JOP provides the highest [...]

Know What Is nmctxth And How To Deal With It

Know What Is nmctxth And How To Deal With It What is nmctxth? The program, nmctxth has no visible window as it is not a Windows core file. In most cases, the program starts when Windows performs start-ups. You can find this in registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run). Although VeriSign, a certified and trusted company, signs the [...]

What is XXI?

What is XXI? XXI is a file extension mainly associated with IGN Entertainment’s “Gamespy Arcade”. Gamespy Arcade is a gaming freeware capable of accommodating multiple players. This means that anybody who plays the game can interact with the other players whether they are from different parts of the world. Gamespy Arcade is a free software [...]

What is BGP?

What is BGP? BGP stands for the “Boarder Gateway Protocol. BGP is the exterior gateway protocol that conveys information between routers when connecting to the internet. The routers are owned by different autonomous systems (AS); the separate ownership of routers is how the web is “worldwide”. These AS routers are called gateway hosts. The gateway [...]

What is a PRN File?

What is a PRN File? PRN is a file intended for interpretation by the printer. This file is sent to a particular printer to give it several instructions that include the items to print, which part of the page these items are to be printed, and which paper tray to get the paper for printing. [...]

What is an ARC File?

What is an ARC File? ARC is an archived type of file. Its compression technique is of the lossless type and this was developed by SEA or System Enhancement Associates. ARC is also the name given to the archiving and/or compression program. In the past, compression and archiving were two different functions performed by two [...]

What Is KML – Keyhole Mark-up Language?

What Is KML – Keyhole Mark-up Language? KML or the Keyhole Mark-up Language is actually a file format which is used to exhibit geographic information within an earth web browser, just like Google Maps, Google Earth, as well as Google Maps intended for mobile phone. A good KML data file is actually organized in exactly [...]

What is Cout?

What is Cout? Cout is basically an object referring to class ostream which is the representation of normal output stream. This object is essentially used to correspond to the “cstdio stream stdout”. This term is also used in “Hello World” Program which is expressed in the following: #include <iostream> Using namespace std; Int main () [...]

What is WXGA?

What is WXGA? WXGA means Wide Extended Graphics Array, also coined as Wide XGA. It is a set of resolutions, which are basically non standard and derived from XGA Display Standard. This is done through expanding the resolution to a wide screen aspect ratio. In most cases, it is commonly used for LCD computer monitors [...]

What is GCD?

What is GCD? GCD stands for Grand Comics Database, an online-based project created to build comic book information database. This catalog of information was established to offer easy to understand collections of records about comics in general. It was also designed in a way that every comic fanatic and enthusiast could conveniently retrieve the data [...]

What is GDI?

What is GDI? GDI stands for Graphic Device Interface is a programming interface used by Microsoft Windows as representation for graphics. GDI is mainly utilized by Windows to send out pictures and text to the computer screen or printers for display purposes. Specifically, GDI is tasked to display curves and lines, draw closed figures, show [...]

What is LRF File?

What is LRF File? LRF file stands for Linker Response File which is a document file format popular with different file extensions. This is the extension which is referred to as a mobile eBook reading tool created and developed by Sony Portable Reader. LRF is also known with related file extensions such as .pbk, .plf, [...]

What is EOM?

What is EOM? EOM is an abbreviation of the phrase “End of Message” which is often used in electronic mails. The basic purpose of these three letters is to save you precious time especially in opening and replying to a particular message. It simply tells you not to reply anymore because of the obvious reasons. [...]

What is DXF?

What is DXF? DXF stands for Drawing Exchange Format or it is also coined as Drawing Interchange Format. It refers to an open sourced or CAD data file format which was created and developed in 1982 by Autodesk. The main purpose of this system is to enable the interoperability of the data. This is applicable [...]

What is TXT?

What is TXT? TXT is short for “TEXT” and refers to the file format within the computer system. These text files have the extension .TXT and can contain information only from a recognized set of characters, known as ASCII codes. ASCII or American Standard Code for Information Interchange is the standard used in computer systems [...]

What is GCC?

What is GCC? GCC stands for the GNU Compiler Collection and as the name suggests, it is a computer compiling system developed by the GNU project. This compiler system is produced to support a wide variety of programming applications and languages. The GNU project is headed by Richard Stallman of the MIT and started in [...]

What is SWF?

What is SWF? SWF originally referred to “Shockwave Flash” but later changed to “Small Web Format” to differentiate it from another technology that is named “Shockwave”, from which SWF is derived. It is a file format in the Adobe Flash platform used in opening videos, multimedia, ActionScript, and vector type of graphics. At present, SWF [...]